THE EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION EXPERIENCE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN OMUO- EKITI

THE EFFECTS  OF EARLY CHILDHOOD  EDUCATION EXPERIENCE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE  OF   PRIMARY  SCHOOL CHILDREN IN OMUO- EKITI
ABSTRACT
The researcher study showed the effect of early
childhood education experience on the academic performance of primary school
children in Omuo metropolis. The research was survey type and descriptive in
nature. The population for this study comprised of all primary school pupils of
public and private schools in Omuo Ekiti. Hundred pupils from three public and
two private schools of Omuo  Ekiti were
obtained from the annual results of top four pupils of class one to five.
       A
questionnaire was also designed for teachers of the schools to give information
about the children with early childhood experience and without such an
experience. After the collection and analysis of data, it was indicated that
pupils with early childhood education significantly outperformed their
counterparts without such experience in all the five schools surveyed by the
study. The report concluded by observing that early childhood education equips
children with prerequisite skills which makes learning easier and faster for
children so exposed. They  are very much
responsible and take part in the curricular and co-curricular activities. The
researcher concludes that there is no great need of opening these institutions
by the government in different areas of Omuo Ekiti because most of them are
either private or public.
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TABLE OF CONTENT
Title                                                                                      
Certification                                     
                                    
Dedication                                                                            
Acknowledge                                                                        
Abstract                                                                                
Table of content                                                                    
CHAPTER
ONE : INTRODUCTION                                                     
Background of the study                                                       
Statement of the problem                                                      
Research hypothesis                                                             
Purpose/objective of the study                                              
Significance of the study                                                       
Scope/limitation of the study                                                 
Research question                                                                
Definition of term                                                                 
CHAPTER
TWO :LITERATURE REVIEW                                        
Literature review                                                                   
CHAPTER
THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                        
Research 
Design                                                                  
Population of the study                                                         
Sample and sampling techniques                                           
Instrument for data collection                                                
Data Analysis techniques                                                       
CHAPTER
FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Result                                                                                              
Discussion                                                                                       
CHAPTER
FIVE: SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                                  
         
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                      
Recommendation                                                                             
Questionnaire                                                                                   
REFERENCES                                                                              
CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Early childhood education is
designed to assist the mental, physical, emotional, linguistic and also social
upbringing. Different psychologist, educationist and also policy makers have
given different names to this type of education as pre-primary. E.t.c  (Singh 2007).
      Early
childhood education referred to only systematic program in which young   children participate before they do enter
primary schools that is designed to promote children’s social, emotional,
academic, linguistic, and literacy skills and health and above all well
being(Justice and Vukelich 2008).
      The first
five years of life are highly significant. What children learn will be foundation
to the rest of their life. At this stage a child develops good relationship
with the people around him (Hightower 1999).
      Early childhood education is the first
step in child`s educational journey. Early  childhood experts have the opinion that
attending high quality pre-school programme help to promote children`s social
and emotional development and prepare them for kindergarten and beyond studies?
Situations have shown that children who attend quality early education
programme are more likely to have better test scores and grade (Wanna 2010).
      A great
number of educationists and researchers are to view that early childhood education
is highly required for the children`s cognitive and educational development and
well being of young children in terms of their individual needs and
characteristics. H.F page stated that during the normal early childhood year,
the  child undergoes a distinct,?
Although very gradual. He seems to leave his boyhood completely  behind, and if he is developing along
suitable lines, he emerges as natural, likeable child whom it is real joy to
meet (Page 2004) Gabriel is the view that ‘’by three”, children have turned the
corner away from boyhood and are on the straight with the kindergarten and the
infant school ahead of them. Before the year is out they begin to talk about
going to school and to look forward to it. Socially while children are happy to
have two or three others around each child is generally require to carry out
with his individual activity.
    Gabriel
(2004) children learn many essential fact about the universe, people and
objects simply by playing. Play may be seem therefore as one of the miracles of
children by means which they discover things essential to their well being and
thoroughly enjoy the process of discovery. Play provide children with a variety
of experience sensory, exploratory, emotional and social experiences as well as
experiences of mastery or achievement (Hendricks 2000). Joanne Hendricks holds
that for more than a decade; research on appropriate approaches to early
childhood education has sought to investigate the effectiveness of  various kinds of programme in charging the
behavior and enhancing the development of young children. All good early
childhood programme is built on the foundation of sound human relationship.
Warmth and empathic understanding have been shown to be effective adjustment to
nursery school, and it is apparent that genuine caring about the children and
about other adult in the programme is foundation to success (Garden 2004).
1.2
    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
          Psychologist
such as Sigmund fraud  and Erik Ericson
opinionated that early childhood experiences have a lot of implication on the
later life of individual. The rearing practices which the child is exposed  influences the values, norm and belief of
individual even in later life. The contents of the knowledge which the child is
exposed to early in life are bedrock to later education and life. There is a
scriptural injunction that says’’ train up child in the way they should go and
when he is old, he will nit depart from it proverb 22verse 6’’. From this
injunction, conclusion can be reached quickly that the manner of teaching a
child to learn in pre-primary school days goes a long way to help him in his
educational pursuit and even more in his later life. Therefore, the problem of
his study is to find out extent to which early education affect the later life
of child.
1.3     RESEARCH QUESTIONS  
          In
order to have  a though understanding of
the effect of early childhood education experiences on the academic performance
of primary school children in Omuo, Area of Ekiti state, this project will
provide answers to the following questions.
1.     Is
there any different in the cognitive ability between pupils in the pre-primary
education and those without pre-primary education?
2.     Is
there any different in the motor skills between pupils with pre-primary
education and those without pre-primary education?
1.4
    PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
          This
study investigated the effect of early childhood education experience on the
academic performance of primary school children in Omuo, Area of Ekiti state.
          The
purpose of the study are to:
1.     Examine
the effect of cognitive ability of pupils with early childhood education
experience.
2.     Show
the social skills affect pupils with early childhood education and without
early childhood education experience
3.     Investigate
the effect motor skills of pupils with early childhood experience.
4.     Ascertain
the differences between academic performance of children with early childhood
education and those without early childhood education experience.
1.5                   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
     This
study will attempt to illuminate the effect of early childhood education
experience on the academic performance of primary school education. It all  do within the framework of this study to look
to into the issue of streaming, in our school, if the pupils are to benefit
from learning experiences. The result of this study I hope will be of immense
benefits to teachers, syllabus designers, education administration and policy
makers.
     It
is expected that the researchers finding will be appropriate to improve
teaching techniques in pre-primary and primary school education. It will also
serve as a boost to the development of academic performance of pre-primary and
primary education.

1.6 SCOPE/DEFINITION OF THE
STUD

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