TOYS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE CHILD IN OYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF EKITI STATE

ABSTRACT
The study is an investigation into
the role of toys in the development of pre-school age children in Oye Local
Government Area of Ekiti State four (4) town were sample for the study. A well
structure questionnaire was used to gather data form the selected towns while
the outcome of the response obtained from the field of investigation was
analysed using simple percentage method. The study shows that role of toys have
developed pre-school age children in Oye Local Government Area. The study also
reveals the cause of low development of pre-school as a result of lack of toys
in Oye Local Government Area. Above all, some recommendations were made to
solve        these problems.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Content
Title Page                                                                              
Approval Page                                                                       
Dedication                                                                             
Acknowledgement                                                                            
Abstract                                                                                 
Table of Contents                                                                   
List of Table                                                                      
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction                                                                                      
Background of the Study                                                                 
Statements of the Problem                                                    
Significant of the Study                                                          
Research Questions                                                               
Hypothesis                                                                            
Delimitation of the Study                                                                
Definition of Terms                                                              
CHAPTER TWO                                                                           
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                               
CHAPTER THREE                                                              
METHODOLOGY                           
Research Design                                                                     
Population of Study                                                               
Sample Procedure                                                                            
Instrumentation                                                                      
Data Collection                                                                     
Validity of Instrument                                                           
Reliability of Instrument                                                                  
Method of Data Analysis                                                                 
CHAPTER FOUR
ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSIONS OF
FINDING          
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
RECOMMENDATION 
Restatement of Problems                                                                 
Summary of the procedure used                                                     
Finding                                                                                  
Conclusion                                                                             
Implication of the Study                                                                 
Recommendation                                                                    
Suggestions                                                                        
REFERENCE                                                                     
APPENDICES                                                                       



LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 General Homes
Table 2 Farmers Homes
Table 3 Traders Homes
Table 4 Teachers Homes
Table 5 The sex of Pupils
Table 6 Number of Children
Table 7 The age on which toys are
introduced
Table 8 Difference between the child
who is given toys and the others
Table 9 Toys play an important role
in the development of the pre-school age child
Table 10 Comments on Toys



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CHAPTER ONE
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
INTRODUCTION
Most parents have great dreams for
their children. They want them to be happy and successful in their home and
lives, but they know that inspite of the folk music, wishing will not make it
so in question they ask is “what will make it so” or more answerable what will
help make it so?”
This essay tries to give us something
that are likely to help. There is no guarantee, but latest research in child
development strongly suggest that there experience.
Expressing the other way around, we
can now say that if certain kind of experience are not provide for a baby
during the first three years of life, the chances of his reaching the intellectual
potential was born with are probably reduced.
David Smiton (1970) says that “if you
take two babies born with equal natural gifts and leave one to lie in his cot
for hundreds of hours staring enjoyable and intellectually stimulation play the
second baby will build and advantage that will pay off in school and throughout
his life”.
The bright side of what research has
to tell us is this. The most helpful sorts of experiences for child are not
only easy for parents to supply, but are great fun for both parent and child
and they have all sorts of added benefits as side effects.
Playing with toys will help the child
develop basic skills such as focusing the eyes, co-ordinating the eyes and
hands, distinguishing differences among almost identical objects. Skills that
will have an immediate reward in fun and later reward in the ability perform
more complicated jobs such as reading and thinking.
In addition, baby will learn that
learning is enjoyable; he will get satisfaction not only from activity itself,
but also impart to the child some basic fact about himself and the world around
him. The sooner will have a confidence that is essential to many aspects of
life, but in particular to the inclination to explore that is to learn.
Another great benefit of the use of
toys can be the way it builds in you a sense of joy, love and accomplishment
with your child. You have a feeling of participating so much more in growth,
rather than just observing with it immediate excitement and in the long run a
much riches store of memory.
Those toys are a curriculum. This is
not a set of lesson plans, but suggestion and ideas for enhancing development.
There are many ways to provide
experiences there are not fixed tasks and no notion that if your child does not
progress smoothly, page, he will be doomed. The basic principle is that you
should provide him with many interesting opportunities to learn, to explore, to
interact with you.
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Playing with toys is as important to
normal development as other things like food, clothing and shelter.
The child starts playing very early with
his fingers and his mother’s body or any person, thing they could come in
contact with.  As the child grows, he
reaches out for other objects to play with. 
Here come in the need for joy.  In
other words toys can important role in the development of the child.
As the child plays with toys he
learns grows and develop at the same time. 
For instance, parents seek to aid giving toys that can make the
exploratory action more effective since such toys contributes more to the
movement of the child.
Playing with toys helps the child
more in constructive tendency.  Every
child enjoys making things just for fun of doing it is important to note that
skills learnt during the early childhood play do along was not only to forming
foundations for muscles skill, but also developing favourable attitude for work
of similar nature as grows older. 
Constructive toys like modeled shovels and plastic buckets, large
crayons and clay block are of vital importance to pre – school age.
At age 1 to 3 years until the child
goes to school, every child enjoys imaging that he is some one else doing something
he has heard about in stories for in the pictures in dramatizing as different
characters the child learns the mode of dressing tone of speech in which their
parents interest in it has declined over the years rather than when just wooden
doll was been given to the child to play with. 
Parents count lesson toys in recent years, which should not be.  There should be changes and improvement on
the use of toys in the development of the child.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
About the declining nature of using
toys personal observation from both educated and illiterate parents show that
parents make uninspiring statement nature and getting lost easily.  Careless attitude of most parents towards the
toys would to large extent adversely affect the contribution of toys toward
materials have been improvised than that in the olden days when leaves and
flowers (in natural form) were given the child as toys.
However, most parents consider it as
waste since the material get damaged easily if not handied properly.
The cost of toys is rather very
high.  Most parents could not afford
it.  The knowledge to be got by the child
from such toys is totally absent.  Since
the parents have falled to provide the toys. 
Most toys are not durable.  The
nature discourages most parents from buying it for their children.  Some parents have not seen toys as an
important material in the development of the child and so they pay less
attention to it.  This adversely attract
the child’s early learning most parents lack the appreciate choice of toys
especially for the child.
Lack of standard day care centres
affects the child play using toys.  The
nanny’s pays little or no regard to the use of toys.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This research is designed to:
1)               
To
find out patterns and types of toys use among respondent.
2)               
To
find out the reason for toys use and non use.
3)               
To
identify the problem a child can face without toys.
4)               
To
find out the sources for toys used are obtained.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
One of the essential matter in child
development is play in which they would exercise all parts of the body and
develop muscles of well.
Moreover, some satisfaction of the child
could be met by play which other aspect of life cannot meet.  For example, the leadership instinctive
tendency could be exercised over their friends when they are together to play
with their toys.
In addition, the wordless books full
of pictures could be a source of learning to the child that cannot have
opportunity to learn at home or in school.
In plays with toy children through
experimentation, discover that creating something new, can be of satisfaction
they can then transfer their discovery to the normal or real world.
In play, children create the
acceptable and desirable habit from contact with member of his peer group.  The child learns so many aspect of life
patience sense of co-operation generosity, truth and chooses to be accomplished
with desirable of friends.
Play and toys, nowadays are aspect of
child’s life, which parents do not as such consider important.  They do not consider the role it plays in the
child’s development.  The knowledges and
experience one should have in the imitation, exploration testing and
construction.
Play makes in – numerable
contribution to the development of the child, viewing this and many other
prompted the researcher to enlighten parents, guidance and other readers of he
research about the functions of toys as a tool in child’s development.
RESEARCH QUESTION
1)               
What
are the reason for toys use among the children
2)               
What
are the patterns (type) of toys use among the pupils.
3)               
Did
parent provide toys for their children?
HYPOTHESIS
          There
is no significant difference between the farmer cannot provide the appreciate
toys for their children.
There is no significant difference
between trader provide appropriate toys for their children.
There is no significant difference
between the little changes in the responses made by the trader and teachers on
how they provide toys for their children.
DELIMITATION
          Oye
local government area has been chosen as the area of study.  This local government area is located in Ekiti State
of Nigeria.
          Some
other towns form Oye local government area. 
Prominent among them are Ire, Ayede, Itapa, Ilupeju, Omuo and Oye itself
. (The place where the local government Headquarters is sited).
The major religion practices of the
local government area are Christianity, Islamic and African Traditional
Religion.
Generally, the people within the
local government area are government workers, businessmen and women and some
are farmers.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
ACE: Associate Ship Diploma in
Education
ANALOGOUS: Similar in certain
respect.
DOLL: Small model of a human figure
especially as a child’s toy.
N.C.E: National Certificate in
Education
CHILD PRESCHOOL: Before school
RECIPROCAL: Given or received in
return
SOLITARY ALONE: Without company
TOY: A thing to play with especially
by a child.
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