THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE EDUCATION OF THEIR FEMALE CHILDREN

THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE EDUCATION OF THEIR FEMALE CHILDREN
ABSTRACT
The project work investigated the
attitude of parent in Ilawe Local Government Area in Ekiti State
towards the education of their female children. 
Data were gathered from questionnaire and oral interview.  A total number of six secondary schools were
used for the data collection.
A total number of one hundred (100)
questionnaire were administered to principals and teachers of the various
schools used.
The high points of the findings are
as follows:
1)               
Educating
women is viewed by many parent as a waste.
2)               
Women’s
place is seen as being in the kitchen cooking for her family
3)               
Early
marriage has negative effect on woman Education.
4)               
There
is preference for male Education than that of the female.  Based on the findings, the researcher made
the following conclusion.
5)               
Women
when given the opportunity will perform very well like their male counterpart.
In the light of the above conclusion,
the research made the following recommendations.
i.                  
There
should be no prefer rented treatment between the male and female sex by parents
when it come to education.
ii.                
Government
should review the educational system in its totality and shape it to meet the
needs of the women and community through adult education programmes.
iii.             
Government
should make effort to see that scholarship and free education are provided for
females
iv.             
Parent
should not consider resources spent on female education to be a waste.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Approval page
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of Contents
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction
Statement of Problems
Purpose of the study
Scope and Limitation of the study
Significance of study
Hypothesis/Research Questions
Limitation of the study
Definition of Operational terms and
Abbreviation
CHAPTER TWO
Literature Related
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology
Instrument for Data Collection
Procedure for Data Collection
CHAPTER FOUR
Presentation and Analysis of Data
CHAPTER FIVE
Discussion and Recommendation
BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIX: QUESTIONNAIRE



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
In contemporary Nigeria education is looked upon
as  long term investment by the state for
its continue existence preservation of its cultural values and the improvement
of its society .
Abdukareem(2009)define education as
the acquisition of appropriate knowledge, attitudes, ability skills competent
and Islamic virtues so that the recipient and have a balance growth and
development of this total personality to live a successful life.
Fafuwa A.A (1974) define education as
the aggregate of all the process of which a child or young adult develops the
abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of positive values to the
society which he lives.
Education should be seen as a process
of not only impacting specific skills and knowledge but also inducing the child
into norms and values of the culture.
Due to the general economics
situation in Nigeria
today, it can be asserted without fear of contradiction that illiteracy and
ignorance are obstacles towards parents educating their girls or daughter.  However, some parents instead of sending
their daughters to school will prefer to send them to learn trade or get them
married at tender ages.  The effects of
this are too obvious to need elaboration.
Much has been said about education:
yet much will still be said about education especially as it concerns women
education.
The education of women, until
recently has not received favourable consideration form most culture in Nigeria.  This is because of the influence of culture
on the people as could observed in most states of the federation.
In Nigeria, most communities until
recently did not encourage the education of women, and this is accounted for by
the way parents view the education of their female children.
To them, any educated woman would end
up being someone else’s wife, and therefore would be more useful to her husband
than to her parents.  Because of this,
why waste the available resources of their education?
Even now, because of ignorance, it is
still difficult to convince many parents to send their daughters to
school.  The situation is even made worse
by the religious beliefs and expectation of women in some communities where a
woman is expected to be married within a certain age bracket.
Primary education is now virtually
free yet many parents are not responding to this opportunity to send their
children to school, especially their daughters.
It is against the foregoing scenario
that the researcher tries to find out if the foregoing obstacles to girls child
education are also applicable in Ilawe local government Area of Ekiti State in
a preliminary research carried out in oniwe comprehensive high school and Ilawe
grammar school, it was observed that out of 100 students in J.S.S. III, 65 were
boys while 55 were girls.
It is based on this information that
the researcher assumes that the factors mentioned above may influence the attitudes
of parents in Ilawe local government area towards sending their female children
to school.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
A preliminary survey carried out by
the researcher in Ilawe local government area of Ekiti State
has revealed that there are more boys in secondary schools than girls, if the
town is taken as a sample of the local government area. It would appear that
this is the trend in the whole local government area.  The problem of this project is therefore to
find out the attitudes of parents in Ilawe local government area towards the
education of their female children.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main purpose of this study is to
find out the attitude of parents towards the education of their female children
in Ilawe local Government Area of Ekiti state. Nigeria.
i.                  
It
will afford the females the opportunities of participating in the social,
economics and political activities of the nation.  This ensures the opportunity provided for all
citizens.
ii.                
It
equally helps them in wide choice of career.
iii.             
They
can go for science humanities on vocational courses
iv.             
To
ensure that female role in education does not end in the kitchens.
v.                
It
helps to free female from the shackles of male dominating by having political
freedom.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research is limited to the study
of the attitude of parents towards the education of their female children
education.
A case study of some selected primary
and secondary schools within Ilawe local government area of Ekiti State.  Five out of the twenty primary and secondary
schools were randomly selected from the above named local government area for
the research work.
The schools selected are:
i.                  
United
high school Ilawe Ekiti
ii.                
Oniwe
comprehensive high school Ilawe Ekiti
iii.             
Corpus Christi college Ilawe Ekiti
iv.             
Ilawe Grammar
School
Ilawe Ekiti
v.                
Saint Raphael
Primary school
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The importance of female education is
concerned necessary because it is thought to keep them out of ignorance and
super.  This will enable them to be
literate.  They will be able to provide
balance diet for their children for normal growth.  To be able to appreciate the important of
hygiene and sanitation as an effective condition for sound health.  To be self reliant and become an economic
asset to their family.
In the national policy on education,
education has been tailored at inculcating the national consciousness and
national unity, the inculcating of the right types of values and attitudes for
the survival of the individual and the Nigeria society.
Also the training of the mind in the
understanding of the world around, and the acquisition of appropriate skills,
abilities and competence both mental and physical as equipment for the
individual to live in and contribute to the development of his society.
HYPOTHESIS/RESEARCH QUESTION
i.                  
Attitude
of the parents, how favourable or otherwise do parents attitude effect female
education to what extent do parents encourage their female children to be
exposed to western education.
ii.                
How
does early marriage factor effects female education.
iii.             
What
effects do the cultural belief of the people have on woman education
iv.             
What
other factors hinders or facilitate female education
v.                
Are
the female pupils above to cope with certain vocational education?
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the process of carrying out this
research work, the researcher encountered some constraints that tends to limit
the extent of the work.
The first problem encountered by the
researcher is illiteracy and attitude of people of the area towards oral
interview.
Because of the illiteracy of the
people intensives, they were unable to give genuine reasons why education of
their girls is not important to them.
Another problem that hindered this
study is the non – chanland attitude of some people towards the questionnaires
issued them.
DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS AND ABBREVIATION EDUCATION: Systematic training and instruction
e.g. of the young in school colleges etc.
ATTITUDE: Individual manner or way of doing
certain things in other words the person personality.
SCHOOL: Institution for educating children
L.G.A: Local Government Area
COMPETENCE: Ability to hold position
PARENTS: An organization owing and
controlling subsidiary ones.



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