EFFECT OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT IN BIOLOGY

EFFECT OF TEACHER’S QUALIFICATION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT IN BIOLOGY


TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                        
Certification                                                                                               
Dedication                                                                                      
Acknowledgement                                                                                      
Abstract                                                                                          
Table of contents                                                                              
CHAPTER ONE                                                                             
Background of the study                                                                            
Statement of the problem                                                                           
Purpose of the study                                                                        
Significance of the study                                                                            
Research Hypotheses                                                                       
Delimitations of the
study                                                                
Assumptions of the
Study                                                               
CHAPTER
TWO
Review of literature
The
qualification and Knowledge of Biology Science Teacher         
Teaching
Experience                                                                        
Teacher’s
Adequacy and competence.                                                        
Importance
of teacher in Educational Sector                                              
Training
and Retraining of Teachers                                                
Needs
for Effective Teaching                                                           
Frequency
of Teaching Method, Skills and Technique.                    
Summary
                                                                                       
CHAPTER
THREE
Location
of study                                                                             
Population
of the study                                                                   
Sample
and sampling techniques                                                    
Research
instrument                                                                       
Validation
of the instrument                                                            
Method
of data collection                                                                
Method
of data analysis                                                                   
CHAPTER
FOUR
Data analysis and discussion                                                           
Discussion
on the findings                                                               
CHAPTER
FIVE
Summary of the study                                                                        
Conclusion                                                                                       
Implication of the study                                                                    
Recommendations                                                                                     
Limitation of the study                                                                    
Suggestions for further studies                                                                 
REFERENCES
                                                                              
REFERENCE

ABSTRACT
          This
research work examined the effect of teacher’s qualification on the performance
of students studying biology subject.
          This
in essence performance in studying biology in Ijero local government area. The
questionnaire was administered to ten (10) secondary schools selected from
Ijero local government in Ekiti state.
          In
the course of the research, the statistical and analytical techniques used were
simple percentage and tables were used to calculate the total response of the
teachers in the selected secondary schools.
          Moreover
the research work confirmed that qualified teachers have the ability to enhance
effective learning through effective strategies of teaching and improvisation
with adequate use of instructional materials and also that student performance
would be improve where there is qualify and resourceful teachers in the biology
unit of the secondary schools in Ijero local government area.
          In
conclusion, the research also suggested appropriate recommendation which could
help parents, teachers and students in intelligent and objective predication of
performance of students at senior secondary school certificate.

                                                     CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
Background
of the study
          Teachers
have been found to be the single most important factors influencing student’s performance;
they are believed to be important for effective teaching. Viewing student
performance as evidence of learning and liking student learning to effective,
successful or experience, teacher is one way of defining quality teaching. Lack
of qualified teachers as well as experiences in teaching can cause poor
performance of the student.
          Teacher
experience enhance teachers ability to create an environment that is fair,
understanding and accepting students idea, 
experience and backgrounds, unqualified teaches cannot prepare students
for WAEC/GCE examination because it is unlikely that they could pass. The idea
of highly qualified teachers is a good one, but compliance has not widespread,
some states in Nigeria have set low expectations for teacher quality and
sometimes it depends on what school, in which a teachers in.
          The
question which begs to be asked is what defines teacher qualify? If a student
is asked about a teacher who is highly qualified, they will most likely say
that it is the teachers who spend extra time with them and who makes the course
contents clear and attainable (Lewis, 2005). Conversely the unqualified
teachers are the ones who are boring and don’t connect with them. Students
don’t care about educational certificates or years of experience. Anobi (2006)
recognize that as true educators, teachers are always learning and teachers
needs to continue to define the meaning of highly qualified instead of doing as
little as possible within the meaning of the law. As a teacher, educators need
to move from more competence to excellence in practice.
          Due
to increasing nature of poor performance of secondary students especially in
external examinations like West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or Joint
Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) many educationist tend to shift the blame
on lack of found from the biology to provide quality textbooks. However, these
might not be the main reasons why student’s perform poorly in examinations. It
is clear from all indications that some secondary school teachers are not
qualified which might lead to poor performance of the student in Biology. Any
interactive activity between a teacher and the students is expected to produce
learning outcomes in the learners. When such an activity failed to produce a
change in behavior (learning) in the learners then there is a problem.
          The
performance of students in science generally is a major concern to science
educators. Aghyeneku in Saiyo and Sofeme (2008) noted that student’s
performance in science subject is low both in national and state examinations.
A number of reasons can be identified to be accountable for the poor
performance of students in science. These include: the science curricula,
teachers’ method of teaching, parents, biology, lack of science facilities and
others (Ahakwo, 2003). Survey from schools (Ajayi, 2007) revealed that
inadequacy facilities in the schools also affect negatively the effective
learning of Biology in the schools.
          According
to Ango (2000), students’ poor performance in Biology globally is basically due
to lack of involving the students in the teaching learning activities right
from the beginning of any new concept to be taught, lack of qualified teachers
as well as experiences in teaching and unavailability and or insufficiency of
materials in the laboratories.
          The
need to wage war against the poor performances in government in our schools and
colleges in Ijero Local biology Area of Ekiti State cannot be over emphasized,
considering the failure rate of students in the subject. This situation has
given parent’s teachers and students a great concern.
          The
purpose of this research therefore is to find out the effect of teacher’s
qualification on the performance of students in senior secondary school
examinations.
Statement
of the problem
          Biology
is one of the major subjects in the country, as it deals with living things
through the study of both plants and animals.
          For
so many years now, the performance of students in Biology is very appalled,
hence, calls for attention. The consequence of this might result from
unqualified teachers handling this subject in the secondary schools.
Purpose
of the study
          The
study investigated the effect of teacher’s qualification on the performance of
students in Biology in Ijero Local Biology area. It compared the performances
of students in Biology Between those taught by qualified teachers and those
taught by unqualified teachers.
Significance
of the study
          The
study is significant for the following reasons:-
1.     This
study will be used to both teachers and students who may want to know the
factors that could make or mar student’s academic performance.
2.     Understanding
classroom climate variables will allow for professional developments for
teachers in focus on areas to increase student achievement.
3.     Understanding
the importance of teachers and their impact on student performance will help
school administrators at secondary schools retain teachers to make their
teachings student centred
Research Hypotheses
          The following hypotheses were raised
for the purpose of this study.
H01
There is no significant difference in the performance of students taught
by teachers with high qualification and those taught by teachers with low
qualification.
H02   There is no significance difference in
the performance of students taught by male and female skilled teachers.
H03
There is no significant difference in the performance of students taught by
long time experience and short time experience skilled teachers.
Delimitations of the study
          Delimitations of this study was to
review several literatures in teachers qualification. The reviewed considered
teachers qualify the view of federal Biology on regunrment for teaching in
secondary school and so on.
Assumptions of the Study
          This
study was assumed by the researcher on the effects of teacher’s qualification
on student’s performance in Biology examination that teacher should be
qualified in other to enhance effective learning through effective strategies
of teaching improvisation of instructional materials.
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