THE ROLES OF IKOGOSI WARM SPRING TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF EKITI STATE

THE ROLES  OF IKOGOSI WARM SPRING TO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT OF EKITI STATE
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1           
BACKGROUND
TO THE STUDY
Tourism
as an industry is fastly becoming one of the most popular and profitable
industry the world over which no country, state or localities (especially those
endowed with tourism potentials) can afford to neglect. Its economic power is
an indispensable promotion to the development of any nation.
It
is either the backbone on one of the three fastest growing industries in
countries like Kenya, Indonesia, United States of America, Canada, France,
United Kingdom, Morocco, the Bahamas and Barbados. In Organisation for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries international tourism
constitutes one of the principal service industries, contributing to the value
of international trade than insurance, maritime transport or civil aviation.
Expenditures on tourism constitute the largest single item in the world trade.
In OECD member countries, it is treated as an economic activity in its own
night and not an adjoint to other sectors of the economy.
Being
a service industry, tourism can be subjected to empirical studies just like any
industry. Its social and economic impacts on surrounding areas or periphery can
therefore be measured. This is exactly what this research is all about. It uses
the regional development theories or models of Gunner Myrdal (1957); Circular
and Cummulative Causation, Albert Hirschman (1958), Polarization and Spread
Effects and John Friedmann (1966); Core Periphery to examine the problems and
benefits that Ikogosi Warm Springs Resort Centre (also known as Ikogosi Tourist
Centre) has brought infused or divulged into the host state, taking
Ikogosi-Ekiti as a case study.
Tourism
is no longer an obscure industry all over the world. Its status in
international trade is such that no serious-minded country can afford to ignore
it. Many researchers, international, national regional as well as individual
researchers have been conducted on the subject. Many authors, therefore, have
one thing or the other to say on tourism.
According
to Femi Olokesusi (1989), tourism is a form of recreation that requires leaving
home for some other places, whether near or far. When such movements are
confirmed within the country of the origin, it is referred to as “domestic
Tourism”. On the other hand, when people travel from their countries of origin
to another for recreation-related activities, such tourism is referred to as
international; tourism.
In
the words of Sangari Abdulmunin (1991), tourism, by the simple definition could
mean the movement of a person from his abode to another of leisure.
The
Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Volume 18 defines tourism as the
theory and practice of touring; travelling for pleasure. Also, the business of
attracting tourists and providing for their accommodation and entertainment,
the business of operating tours.
The
definition of both “tourism” and “recreation” is needed at the onset because as
claimed by Olekesui (1989), people often misconstrue recreation for tourism.
Tourism in its simplest form can be defined as recreation that involves
travelling while the contemporary, recreation is an activity performed during
leisure that does not involve travelling.
Recreation
is therefore defined as a refreshment or comfort produced by something
affecting the senses or body. It is further defined as the action of recreating
(oneself or another), or fact of being recreated by some pleasant occupation,
pastime or amusement or a means of recreating oneself by a pleasurable exercise
or employment. A recreationist is therefore seen as one who pursues a
recreation.
According
to Randle, tourism can either be domestic, intermediate or international. By
domestic, he meant national citizens who wish to spend their holiday in the
country while by intermediate, he refers to intra-continental tourism.
Olokosusi (1989) also agreed with him on the classification of tourism. He
however identified only two, viz: domestic and international tourism. Tourism
thus classified is based on the origin and/or destination of the travelling
recreationist.
Bryden
(1972) defined tourism as the sum of the phenomenon and relationships arising
from the travel and stay of non-residents, in so far as they do not lead to
permanent residency and are not connected with any earning activity.
While
Wall et al (1985) indicated that tourism involves the movement of people away
from their place of permanent abode and their temporary sojourn in other
locations.
STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
Several problems of the world are
environmentally, economically, socially and culturally related. Ikogosi
community is one of the leading tourist destinations in Ekiti State mainly
because of the rich wildlife resources it sustains and the scenic beauty.
Tourism has stimulated the development of a variety of allied infrastructures
and facilities, such as Eco lodges and camps, bridges and culverts. The
motivating force behind this study is based on the face that in the past, there
has been no research on tourism development amongst the people of Ikogosi
community of Ekiti south Local Government Area of Ekiti State. Based on this,
the researcher therefore, is intended to examine the problem and prospects
Ikogosi war spring to the socio-economic development to Ekiti state
RESEARCH
QUESTIONS
          The
research work will examine the following research questions  
1.    
Does Ikogosi warm spring water have
impact   on socio-economic development in
Ekiti state?
2.    
What are the problem facing Ekiti state
in tourism development ?
3.    
What are the  Strategies that can adopted in develop
Ikogosi warm spring water  to enhance
socio-economic development.
4.    
To what extent does ikogosi community
are able to benefit  from ikogosi warm
spring water
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
            The
specific objectives are to:
1.                
investigate the role of Ikogosi warm
spring water in socio-economic development in Ekiti state
2.                
examine the problem  facing Ekiti state in tourism development
3.                
investigate the social economic impact
of Ikogosi warm spring water in the economic development of Ekiti state
4.                
find out Strategies in developing
Ikogosi warm spring water to enhance socio-economic development. 
5.                
determine the extent to which Ikogosi
community are able to benefit from  Ikogosi
warm spring water
RESEARCH HYPOTHESES      
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SIGNIFIANCE
OF THE STUDY
This
will enlighten the local populace about the important of tourism on the social
economic development in Ekiti state  It
will help to know the resources to be developed, managed and promoted for
tourism and community development (e.g. cultural and nature-based or
eco-tourism).
This development can bring forth the provision of social
amenities and infrastructures, construction of modern roads, active cultural
institutions, sustainable environment, provision of employment opportunities
and many other benefits in the study areas.
Finally, the recommendations that would be given in this
report would optimistically provide the necessary information and strategies
needed by the students, researchers, government and other sets of people, who
are concerned in the development and management of cultural and natural
resources to boost the disciplines of archaeology, museum, tourism and other
cultural related fields in the community.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
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