THE IMPLICATION OF HOME ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN EKITI

THE IMPLICATION OF HOME ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN EKITI  

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE                                                                                  
APPROVAL PAGE                                                                        
CERTIFICATION                                                                                  
DEDICATION                                                                                 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                             
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                          
ABSTRACT                                                                                   
CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION
          Background
of the Study                                                                                Statement of the Problem                                                     
          Purpose
of the study                                                                              Significance of the study                                                   
          Assumptions                                                                           
Research
question                                                              
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE                                  
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                       
          Research
Design                                                           
          Population
of the Study                                                
Research Instrument                                         
Sample of the study                                                          
Validity and Reliability of the
Instrument              
Procedure for Data Analysis                                    
chnique ple          
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA            
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION
 ANDRECOMMENDATIONS
                   Summary                                                                      
                   Conclusion                                                                 
                   Recommendations                                                                  
                   Limitations                                                                   
                   REFERENCES                                                           
APPENDIX                                                             

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ABSTRACT
The study focused on the implication
of home on academic performance of students in economic study specifics, the
study divide into socio economic study of parents as it affects the academic
excellence of students in Nigeria
secondary schools. The study used primary data obtained from secondary schools
in Ikere local government, Ekiti
State. Eighty (80)
respondents were sampled using random sampling technique. The data were
analysed with simple percentage method. It was found out that the socio
economic and educational background of the respondent parents have a
significant implication on the academic performance of the students. So it was
recommended that parents should use educational and wealth to uplift the
education of their children.



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
Education is the best legacy a nation
can give to her citizen especially the youth. This is because the development
of any nation or community depends largely on the equality of education of such
a nation and an adages says ‘charity” begins at home” which means the success
of failure of any child begins at home” the home is the first place of contact
of the child the importance at home in shaping educational attitude and
attainment cannot be overemphasized.
There are many factors that can be
attributed to the home as a whole and each of them has a role to play on the
education achievement will be obtain from this research .
Home environment is classified under
four heading or sectors as in relation to how it affect the child education
success, family home, pupils and ambition of the child.
There is the issue about the family
information in this category concerns such factors as the present status of the
parents, the size in the family and the education and occupational level of the
parents. It is believed that its broken and unstable home the children have no
emotional security and this many have an adverse effect on their school work
usually the responsibility of the child is taking care of just by one of the
parents instead at their combined efforts.
Also when there are many children in
a home enough attention cannot be give to all of them and this redness their
chances of performing well in school. Educational parent often help their
children to realize the value of education. The children of such parent have
the tendency in future their education and attain the level of their parent’s
education at even a higher one. When children were still young, they see
themselves as Doctors, Lawyers, Engineers, etc. in futures just because their
parents may be one of them. This sort of attitude helps a lot in their
educational achievement, more so such parent are able to pay their academic
children’s school fees and get them the necessary materials that will help them
on learning. Home background is another relevant item which is concerned with
the interaction between the parent and their children. According (PISA) (Prof
Gremme international student Assessment (2000) stated that influences academic
and educational success of student and school work which socio economic success
of students and school work which socio economic status reinforce the
activities and functioning if the teachers and students.
From the above it is revealed that
the quality of parents and home background of a student go a long way to
predict the quality and regularity at the satisfaction and provision of a
child’s functional survival and academic needs.
Also the parents attitude toward the
child academic progress and the future employment and encouragement the parent
given to the child in his school work are important here.
Parents attitude towards the children
educational progress seems to contribute very much in their school attainment,
some parents may not be very well education but they encourage their children a
lot towards education. This may be showing a lot of interest. This child work
and by verbal appraisal such children also tend to do well at school.
The pupils background too cannot be
over looked this deals with the reading habits of the children and also how
they spend their relocation time. There is not doubt that a child will have an
edge over others in academic performance if the child at home has a regular
study and also trained to make good use of their spare time. He enjoys readings
and will always like to search for knowledge in book such upbringing definitely
will make a child perform well at school.
Lastly, there is this case ambition
of the child. A child who ambition is always want to know and this he to
prepared to lean vice versa.
There would this appear to be a
common thread linking all afford mentioned factors or home background,
emotional stability, freedom from tension and from economic insecurity and
consistent encouragement from parent are from economic insecurity and
consistent encouragement from parents are necessary for a child if his school
is to reach the potential of the child.
The socio economic status of parents
too difference, there is a wide gap between the rich and the poor as related to
children’s educational attainment. And thus gap does not give equal
opportunities for instance, there is the tendency for children in rich home to
discuss finally with parents on how fair they are on their academic while
children from poor home may find it difficult to ask question and discuss
freely with their parent. Because of these differences it will be interesting
to find out the relationship of home environment and educational achievement of
secondary schools in Ekiti
State of all the agents
of education. Home plays an indisputable role in making the child what he or
she becomes in future. The maiden training / education begins from home, it is
the foundation of all subsequent step or achievement to be accomplished in
later life. However different child’s nails from different home with different
background, these difference have had immense influence in the performance of
pupils on the academic pursuits.                  
Statement of the Problem
 The rate of failure of student in the senior
secondary certificate examination (SSCE) on the recent time is alarming and of
great concern to parents / government and concerned individuals.
This statement of problem  will lead us in finding out through major
reason, questions why there is influence of home on academic performance of
students in economics in secondary school in Ikere local government area.
The probing questions are below
                    
Is
there any significant difference in the attitude of student from different
socio-economic background toward their educational level?
                    
Is
there any difference between the student from educated and non educated
families?
                    
Is
there any difference between the student from divorce and non divorce families?
Objective of the Study
The study therefore intends to find
out the influence of parents on the academic performance of student in
economics in secondary school in Ekiti
State. In particular the
study investigated the influence of education social and economic background of
parents on the performances of students in secondary school.
i.                  
Determine
whether or not student academic achievement is influenced by the type of
marriage of the parents.
ii.                
Determine
if the socio-economic status of parent has something to do with the student
academic performance
iii.             
Compare
the academic performance of students from divorced and non divorced homes.
Research Questions
While efforts were made to focus attention
on the home and the student achievement.
The following research questions were
raised:
1.                
Does
the types of marriage of the parent influences academic performance of their
children?
2.                
Does
parent socio-economic status influences academic performance of their children?
3.                
Does
parent educational level affect the academic performance of their children              
Significance of the Study
This piece of work will intend to
offer the best to student, teachers, and the general public useful suggestions
on how best student can perform well in their academic at the senior secondary
school level. The study will also help in finding lasting solution to the
influence of home on academic performance of student in economic in secondary
school level. It will go a long way to check similar occurrence among students
at the senior secondary school stage. It is expected too that this study will
assist student to put up extra  force to
enable them to meet the required standard for learning.
This study was targeted at given the
general public the awareness of the seriousness of their children at the senior
secondary school level. It will afford the generally of the public to advice
the students to develop the spirit at attaining success on their academic
endeavour. The finally of this investigation would be of help to the
government, teachers, researcher especially parents to take necessary measures
in other to avoid any condition that can have bad influence on the academic
performance of students.
Delimitation of the Study
The study covered Ekiti State.
However, it is delimitated to Ikere local government area.
It will cover the senior
secondary school student (SSII) in the Ikere  local government area only as a case study
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