THE IMPACT OF CHILDREN THEATRE AND DRAMA AS A COMMUNICATIVE ARTS IN EDUCATION

THE IMPACT OF CHILDREN THEATRE AND DRAMA AS A COMMUNICATIVE ARTS IN EDUCATION
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page                                                                                          
Dedication                                                                                        
Certification                                                                                                 
Acknowledgment                                                                             
Table of content                                                                               
CHAPTER ONE: Background of the study                                 
Ø Introduction
                                                                          
Ø Children
Theatre and Drama                                                  
Ø Significance
of the study                                                        
Ø Statement
of the problem                                                              
Ø Purpose
of the study                                                              
Ø Aims
and objective of the study               
                             
Ø Definition
of terms                                                              
CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review                                                               
2.1. Meaning of Drama                                                                                                
2.2. Meaning of
Theatre                                                                
2.3. Origin of Drama
and Theatre                                                    
2.4. Theatre and Drama
as Communicative Art                              
2.5. Theatre and Drama as
a medium of teaching                            
CHAPTER THREE
Research
Methodology
                                                                                        
3.1. Roles of Drama and
Theatre in Religious Education                                       
3.2. Roles of Drama and
Theatre in Social Education                               
3.3. Roles of Theatre
and Drama in Mass Media                             
3.4. Theatre as class instruction
in Primary School                       
CHAPTER FOUR
Discussion
of Findings
                                                                                        
The impact of Children
Theatre in Education                                            
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary,
Conclusion and Recommendation
                               
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                       
Recommendation                                                                            
References
                                                                               
Appendix
                                                                                       
 CHAPTER ONE
BACKGROUND
OF THE STUDY
Introduction
          A quest for meaning of theatre in
education reveals that a perception of education itself. Education therefore
could be described as an internal process, a subtle progression within the
individual child. The ultimate goal of this is to achieve a blend between self
awareness and social integration between self-discovery and practical knowledge
of life. In an attempt to fulfill this, the theatre has a unique role of play.
As a mode of human communication, drama has always been perceived as the oldest
of human arts. Its romance with education therefore entails a well blended
collaboration between principles and objectives of drama and education.
          As drama is conceived with action,
with doing and seeing’ and so, teaching is not short of processing of action
and communication. For example, Aristotle reputedly walked while teaching while
Socrates practically demonstrated the value of dialogue in the pedagogical
process, both were therefore actor – teachers so, the modern day teacher has a
lot to learn from the actor in the application of the peripatetic and Socratic
principles.
          Gordon Vallines (1971) posits that the
general purpose of education is to foster the growth of what is individual in
each human being at the same time harmonizing the individual thus seduced with
the organic unity of the social group to which the individual belongs. So also
drama encourages the development of individual personnel resources. These
resources are those of sensory perception, intellect, imagination, powers of
concentration, physical and verbal skills and emotional control.
          The theatre as an English word
according to Babatope (1998) connotes a number of things; a room where medical
operations are performed, a place for acting plays, the profession of acting
playmaking and everything connected with it. Conceptually, theatre involves
practicability which is the utmost necessity for performance. Theatre is
therefore not just performing but performing for an audience. This now brings
to the limelight the importance of audience to the theatre. No theatrical
activity can take place without an audience.
Children Theatre and Drama
          Creative drama includes dramatic
activities and games used primarily in educational settings with children. Its
roots in the United States began in the early 1900s. Winifred Ward is
considered to be founder of creative drama in education, establishing the first
academic use of drama in Evanston, Illinois.
          Children theatre is a term give to the
form of drama that exists for the child audience. It is a formal theatrical
experience, which a group of professional theatre practitioners, amateurs or
older children act a play for other children. The child in the audience is a
spectator not a participant.
Significance of the Study
          The
use of drama method in the teaching and learning process is becoming
increasingly popular today, especially in the primary and junior secondary
schools. Researchers have pointed out that children remember what they see more
than what they hear, hence the use of drama and theatre n teaching.
          Many studies have been carried out as
to the use of drama and theatre in the teaching and learning of different
subjects in secondary and post secondary schools (Owolabi, 2005). But the
studies are mostly confined to these levels whereas the younger ones that need
the methodology are often ignored. This study is therefore designed to look at
the use of drama and theatre as a methodology of teaching and learning in
primary and junior secondary school. This will go a long way in filling the gap
between the theories and practices of learning propounded for pre-school age
children, children in primary and junior secondary schools.
Statement of the Problem
          A gap exists in the theory of teaching
and learning for young children and actual practices in Nigeria. Most of the
researches designed for young people in Nigeria are based on children outside
the country. This makes it extremely difficult for teachers especially at this
level, to put this theory into practice. Teachers in primary schools particularly,
are still set on the now archaic method of teaching such as lecture method,
rather relying heavily on repetition by rote to make the pupils remember
instead of the more simple and modern methods of teaching such as play-way
method (drama method) demonstration or discovery methods.
          This is what this study set out to
find out the extent to which drama and theatre as a pedagogical tools being
used and to what effectiveness in primary schools.
Purpose of the Study
          This study is set out to investigate the
impact of children drama and theatre as communicative art in education, that
is, teaching and learning and also to find out the effectiveness of the use in
teaching and learning and make appropriate recommendation.
Aims and Objectives of the Study
          This study aims at making clear, vivid
the virtual fact that the theatre and drama is a viable medium through which
the child can be conscientized and impacted with morals and values that will be
of the use to the child in the child’s everyday life. It will also reveal how
the child can learn as well as absorb useful knowledge from their experiences
in the theatre. The aim of this study will focus generally on how the child can
grasp faster what he/she has been taught through the theatre.
Definition of Terms
Children:
plural of child, is a human between the stages of birth and puberty otherwise
known as a person younger than the age of majority
Theatre:
A building especially adapted to dramatic, operatic, or spectacular
representations; playhouse OR the theatrical world and everything relating to
it.
Creative:
Having the power to cause to come in existence; originate, productive;
constructive
Drama:
A literary composition that tells a story, usually representing human conflict
by means of dialog and action to be performed upon the stage; a play

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