SOME VOCABULARY PROBLEMS OF SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                          
Approval page                                                                                 
Certification                                                                                     
Dedication                                                                                         
Acknowledgement                                                                            
Table of contents                                                                            
Abstract                                                                                          
CHAPTER  I:     INTRODUCTION                                   
                             Background
of the study                                             
                             Statement
of the problem                                             
                             Purpose
of the study                                           
                             Significance
of the study                                               
                             Scope
and Limitation of study                                      
                             Assumption
                                                                 
          II       REVIEW
OF LITERATURE                                    
          III     METHODOLOGY                                                     
                   Research Design                                                                                    
  Area of the study                                                                             
   Population of the study                                                                        
 Sample
and sampling technique                                                  
                   Instrument
for data collection                                      
                   Validation
of the instrument                                       
                   Administration
of instrument                                       
                        Method of data
analysis                                                      
          IV     PRESENTATION
AND ANALYSIS OF DATA                
          V       SUMMARY,
CONCLUSION AND                                                                   RECOMMENDATIONS
                   Summary                                                                     
                   Conclusion
                                                                  
Implication of the study                                                         
Recommendations                                                                  
                   Suggestions
of further research                                                                References                                                                                             
Appendices                                                                    



ABSTRACT
The investigation was design to ascertain the vocabulary
problems of English Language learners. This is to establish the problems that
learners face in vocabulary acquisition. It necessitated the construction and
validation of instruments for the students test. This is because parents,
teachers, and school administrators are aware that students have problems in
reading textbooks, novels, journals and passages, especially those with difficult
words. The       students themselves are
aware of this fact. The study is therefore carried out in order to determine
the level of students vocabulary acquisition and the areas of their problems in
vocabulary use. Two schools were used for the study, Army Comprehensive High
School and C.A.C Grammar school, A test was administered in eight (8) S.S. II
students from the two schools. The results showed that students have problem in
the area of detention and recall of vocabulary items as well as those of
vocabulary use.

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
The important of English language in
the Nigerian education system cannot be overemphasized. English language is the
pivot on which educational system of Nigerian revolves. English is the language
of science and technology a passport to educational advancement and prestigious
employment. The national policy on education recognized this fact when it
grouped English language as one of the core subject. The establishment of
English language in the Nigeria society can be traced to the activities of
colonial master’s from 15th century. The language since then has been the
country’s official language used for the purpose of government and
administration.
Government records, court records,
proceeding administrative instructions, minutes and legislation are all in
English language. Success in the language is the key to decent employment. The
inability to choose a lingua-franca among our diverse Nigerian language has
made English language to assume today in the Nigeria society. English language
also is the language of business and commerce. Success is the language is the
key to decent employment. The inability to choose a lingua-franca among our
diverse Nigeria language has made English language to assume today in the
Nigeria society. Given the importance of English language in education and as a
language of wider communication the need for vocabulary development from the
primary to the university can not be over emphasized. In recent years, there
has been no increase in the number of secondary school students who are
repeating the same class of their final examination due to some aspect of
English such as comprehension, summary, essays, lexis and structure and
especially vocabulary. In the editorial comment of daily time (1978), the
nation was alarmed at the applying language examination paper in Nigeria more
than half failed.
In Nigeria, there are many spoken
language in other words, Nigeria is a multilingual country English is learnt as
the second language in Nigeria because different entire groups have their own
language which are important into their children as their mother tongue while
English is learnt in school as the second language. English is used as a medium
of central communication in Nigeria. The problems that students face in school
in learning English language can be broadly divided into two. One of the
problems is that some students find it difficult to internally interpret some
words from their mother tongue into English, due to the fact that they are only
brought up at home in mother tongues, so teachers find it difficult to
pronounce words of English without the interference of their mother tongue of
course, there are other problems in the areas of structure and expression.
Newspaper radio and television
differently at various occasions have pointed out the fact that learning in
English language has deteriorated in schools, due to the following factors;
large in take in schools, insufficient teachers (qualified) and lack of
conductive learning environment. This aspect of English language vocabulary
demands to be looked into because according to Halfiner (1972). Words are
facilitators of thinking and have power because they are labels for the
concepts used in thinking. As a result of this inadequate vocabulary
acquisition and knowledge, most of Nigerian graduates these days find it hard
to communicate correctly in English language. This is so because, choosing the
right words at the right time is difficult for them. To find the minimum number
of words that could operate together in constructions capable of being made
into the greatly variety of contexts has been the chief aim of these trying to
simply enhance for learner. Various criteria have been employed in choosing the
words the problem confronted in systematic teaching of English has been
vocabulary selection.
Statement of the
Problem

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Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to
explore the problems faced by studying in the area of vocabulary especially in
the content area and lexicon. It find out whether student fully understand and
accurately use certain variety especially where words are related to one
another or when where words are related to one another or when there is
possibility of confusion with mother tongues meanings.
Research Questions
i.                  
What
is the level of students vocabulary acquisition
ii.                
How
well can learners recognize difference between words of the family?
iii.             
How
well does learners use some vocabulary items correctly?
Significance of the
Study
This study has a lot of significance
to every sector that has to do learning both within and outside parents,
teachers and policy makes educational manager. This study will examine various
problems facing the teaching learning of vocabulary in our secondary schools as
such it will be useful to teachers who will made aware of the problem area
their learners, vocabulary learning and thereby they will plan their teaching
towards building up the learner vocabulary. Parents too, especially the
literate may be able to help their children in developing their vocabulary.
Finally policy makers will also benefit from the kind of study in order to plan
children learning.
Scope and Limitation of
Study
The study covers only the S.S.II
class in a few schools in Akure-South Local Government Area. We are also
concerned with the aspect of vocabulary acquisition out the difficult aspects
of language learning. English test will be distributed to the students in both
schools to know the problems being faced in the learning of vocabulary as a
major aspect of English language in Nigeria secondary schools.
Hypothesis
1.    
There
are some lecturers that don’t use to speak correct vocabulary in the lecture
room.
2.    
The
parents also have impact on how student don’t speak correct vocabulary.
3.    
Some
students also don’t speaks correct vocabulary because they often speak their
first language
4.    
Student
don’t find it convenient and enjoyable to speak vocabulary correctly and often.
Assumption
In this study the following
assumptions were made for easy collection of data
1.    
It
is assumed that teachers of the same qualification have the same knowledge and
as qualification have the same knowledge and as such as their work are the
same.
2.    
It
is assumed that environment has no influence on the vocabulary problems of
English language learners.  
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