MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

ABSTRACT
          In Nigeria today
and in Oye Local Government of Ekiti State in particular, there is problem of
students roaming about the street, even in schools where guards are mounted,
the students are still found wandering aimlessly on the streets, this issue of
students leaving the school compound when they are expected to attend classes
had been giving a lot of concern to everybody in the society. This study aimed
at identifying the factors that could motivate students in schools and the
resultant academic performance of the students in schools and to make
recommendation for proper guidance and counseling of students at homes and in
schools.
          The
research will be conducted in some schools, at least 6 schools and 9 schools at
most from Oye Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
          The
researcher made random sampling of some of the subjects offered in senior
secondary schools with particular reference to a class and also questionnaire
will be used for data collection. The findings were: majority of the students
sampled choose good moral performance of school in society as influencing
factors; that the use of instructional materials adequately motivate students
and improved their performance; that personal factors were the greatest factors
influencing motivation in schools; that the family influencing factors motivate
students to a considerable extent and improve academic performance. The
presence of age mates and attendance of siblings in school as motivational
ingredients for students and better academic performance of the students; the
extent to which the use of audio-visual aids influence students’ performance in
secondary schools.
          Based
on the findings, the researcher recommends that educational planners send more
and adequate instruction materials. Also, the students should be counseled on
what they want so as to be motivated.
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                           i
Certification                                                                                                ii
Dedication                                                                                          iii
Acknowledgement                                                                                       iv
Abstract                                                                                             vi
Table of Contents                                                                              viii
CHAPTER
ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study                                                                            1
Objective of the Study                                                                      5
Research Question                                                                                      6
Significance of the Study                                                                            7
Delimitation of the Study                                                                           8
Definition of Terms                                                                           8
CHAPTER
TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Meaning of Education                                                                       11
Functions of School                                                                          13
Meaning of Motivation                                                                     14
Theories of Motivation                                                                     15
The School                                                                                        19
Family Influence on Children                                                            21
Societal Factors and Peer Groups                                                     25
Personal Factors                                                                               27
Audio-Visual Aid Factors                                                                 30
Summary of Reviews                                                                        31
CHAPTER
THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
Research Design                                                                                36
Population                                                                                        36
Sample and Sampling Technique                                                      36
Research Instrument                                                                         37
Validity of the Instrument                                                                 37
Reliability of the Instrument                                                             37
Administration of the Instrument                                                     38
Data Analysis                                                                                   38
CHAPTER
FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Discussion of Results                                                                        44
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary                                                                                          48
Conclusion                                                                                        49
Recommendation                                                                              50
Suggestion for further Study                                                             51
References                                                                                         52
Appendix                                                                                          53

CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background
of the Study
The home is the first
socializing agency of a child. There, he acquires his first image and self, he
interacts with others and develops a concept of which he is, deduced from the
attitudes and behaviour of the people around him. How he accepts himself and
others is largely determined by his relationship with the people, places and
situations in his environment.
The school too is an
important agency for the transmission of the cultural heritage and providing
experiences that will lead him to become contributing member of the society. In
the school, he experiences group living, under the guidance of skilled teachers
who understand him and who help him actualize his maximum potentials. The
school must make clear what is expected of him and how to achieve the
expectations. Thus, he will learn to meet each situation in such a way that it
will have meaning to him. The curriculum, the educational experiences through
which schools seek to direct growth must be selected with reference to both the
present needs of the child and the demand of the society. In other words, the
school should provide the opportunity for the learner to best utilize his
preset motivation for growth towards the desired by the society.
In realization of these
facts, the ideal thing is to raise a generation of people who can think for
themselves, respect the views and feelings of others, respect the dignity of
labour and appreciate those values specified under our broad national aims and
live as citizens. It is good to equip students to live effectively in our
modern age of science and technology and also inspire them with a desire for
achievement and self-improvement both at school and in later life.
Only if the learner
harmonizes the purposes stated above with his own growing needs, abilities and
interests, he will achieve his maximum potentials and thus discharge his
responsibilities to the parent, society and to himself. Every aspect of his
environment within and outside himself influences the choice he makes, the
tasks he masters and the results he achieves. Experiences which are planned to
enhance a child’s self-confidence, self-actualization and in which he sees a
purpose and uses, will increase his motivation and participation which can lead
to improvement in learning and rention.
In every sphere of
human behaviour, success depends largely on the degree to which the individual
is determined to succeed. This determination could be inspired by a number of
factors which could either weren’t in individual or externally imposed.
In enhancing the growth
and development of a nation, recipient of qualitative education are usually
distinguished in their field of endeavor. The growing complexity of our societal
demand calls for effective and functional education as the only way out.
Austine E. Ejili (2002)
noted that there is necessary demand for goods education but its standards seem
to be declining and this is why our education system is now living in its
former glory. Those who are dedicated and focused might not have the
prerequisite learning behaviour because they never know what to do. Academic
work demands hundred percent attention while receiving lesson or during
personal study at home.
Akinboye (2008) defines
motivation as all the phenomena, which incite and promotes learning. Motivation
is an umbrella term that is used to explain circumstances, which enhance
initiation, maintenance and direction or human behaviour in the pursuit of a
good behaviour. Motivation has three components which are; engineering by
providing a good orientation for the individual, maintenance and sustenance of
behaviour.
Awonbor (2005) note
that because of the poor motivation due to inadequate remuneration, poor
teaching environment as a result of lack of basic teaching materials, listless
and unmotivated learners in the classroom among other, the teachers have become
the endangered spears in their own profession. He suggested that students
should be academically motivated as this will go a long way to solving most of
the problems faced in education system and also increase students’ academic
performance. He further remarked that motivating students will help them to be
more responsible and have more interest in studies. He also holds that
motivation of students will reduce, if not completely be eliminated, high
school dropout rates, low enrolment rates, truancy, etc.
In the view of Renchler
(1992), every educator needs to be concerned about motivation. It is a quality
that students, teachers, school administrators and other members of the
community must have. If our educational system is to prepare young people
adequately for the challenges and demands of the coming century, students need
motivation to learn, parents need it to track the education progress of their
children, teacher need it to become better teachers and school administrators
need it to ensure that every facet of the school they manage continues to
improve.
Statement
of the Problem
There are so many
adolescent behavioural problems such as socio-economic status, environment,
physical development and sex differences. Some are habitually done than others.
This is because adolescent being a delicate stage, boys and girls are faced
with series of problems which if not properly attended to, may lead to
maladjusted behaviour.
Secondary school
students are always found on the street at all times during the hours of
schooling. Mere looking at the streets with students in their school uniforms
at different locations are always a concern to parents, government, teachers,
counselors and the society as a whole.
The researcher wants to
identify the secondary school students’ motivational factors and the academic
performance of secondary school students in Oye Local Government Areas of Ekiti
State.
 Objective
of the Study
This study is meant to
identify:
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