CULTURAL INFLUENCE ON EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION AMONG DIFFERENT FAMILIES IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

CAUSES AND POSSIBLE PREVENTION OF PREMARITAL SEX AMONG  SECONDARY  SCHOOL  STUDENTS. (A  CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS 
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                              
Certification                                                                                     
Dedication                                                                              
Acknowledgement                                                                            
Table of content                                                                   
Abstract                                                                                 
 CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction                                                                     
1.1 Background
of the study                                              
1.2 Statement of
the problem                                                
1.3 Purpose of
the study                                                            
1.4 Research
questions                                                            
1.5 Significance
of the study                                                  
1.6 Limitation
of the study                                                     
1.7 Definition
of terms                                                           
 CHAPTER
TWO
2.0 Literature review                                                             
2.1 Objectives
of the study                                                     
2.2 Review of
relevant literature                                                       
CHAPTER
THREE
3.0 Research
method                                                              
3.1 Research
design                                                                
3.2 Population
of the study                                                    
3.3 Sample and
sampling techniques                                               
3.4 Research
instruments                                                       
3.5 Validation
of research instruments                                            
3.6 Data
collection                                                                           
3.7 Data
analysis                                                                    
CHAPTER
FOUR
4.0 Data
analysis, result and discussion                                 
CHAPTER
FIVE
5.0 Summary,
conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Summary                                                                       
5.2 Conclusion                                                                       
5.3
Recommendations                                                            
References                                                                          
Appendix                                                                              

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ABSTRACT
          The study is about causes and possible
prevention of premarital sex among secondary school students in some selected
secondary schools in Ifedore Local Government Area of Ondo State.
A hundred (100)
questionnaires were administered to students from five different schools in the
local government.
The
analysis of the results showed that the causes of premarital sex among
secondary school students are:
1.     Sex
for enjoyment
2.     Peer
group imitation of premarital sex
3.     Participating
in discussion of sexual topics
4.     Reading
about contraception from books.
5.     Parental
influence
6.     Broken
homes
7.     Poor
family background
8.     Visual
reasons
It
was therefore recommended that premarital sex for enjoyment among secondary
school students should be discouraged by the parents, teachers, school counselors
and government, students should not be allowed to discuss sexual matters with
any of their peer groups except their parents and other professional social
workers.
CHAPTER
ONE
1.0
INTRODUCTION
1.1
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
          Due to civilization in our own era,
premarital sex which is having sexual intercourse out of marriage is now a
common thing among our youth especially among secondary school students.
          We all now believe that it is only
those who are not civilized that preserve their virginity unlike in the olden
days when people cherished virginity.
          Due to this civilization our youths
are so wise and open to look for contraceptive which may be drug, or device in
order to preserve them from the outcome crisis of premarital sex. Parents are
now anxious about their own children and seriously show concern with the rate
at which students engage in premarital sex. For example a parent of four female
children, some even fear sending them to secondary schools.
This
is particularly true because they observed that many of them have become the
victims of premarital sex crisis such as follows:
It leads to
unwanted pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies lead to abortion which if care is
not taken can easily lead to loss of life or damage  the womb which can later resulted to
barrenness for the rest of one’s life. Also it leads to early marriage, this
can easily happen when one can’t risk abortion. Premarital sex causes
illegimate parenthood. It can hinder one’s educational plan. To crown it all,
premarital sex can lead to sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea,
syphilis and even acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
          Despite all the above crisis, very
many of them still keep on engaging in it, where as in Africa as a whole the  issue of premarital sex has not gained a full
social support up till now.
          Unlike the societies where premarital
sex is allowed, they have institutionalized it and so premarital sex is
regarded as a proper and useful activity because they have developed a supporting
sex institutional arrangement which makes it safe and harmless.
          However, I now see premarital sex
crisis as a serious social problem in our society because of its effects on the
youth and education of the nation as a whole. In other to get solution to this
premarital sex crisis, investigation into the causes of premarital sex among
secondary schools students in Ifedore local government area of Ondo state.
1.2
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
          Due to large number of students in
Ifedore local government area of Ondo state who are falling victims of
premarital sex, it has become mandatory for the government and well meaning
Nigeria educationalist to look for solutions to the causes of premarital
sex   among secondary school students.
          Consequently, the researcher embarks
on this research to examine the causes of premarital sex among secondary school
students in Ifedore local government area of Ondo state and investigate the
incidence of premarital sex.
1.3
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
          The reason for this research is to
investigate the causes and possible preventions of premarital sex among
secondary school students and also to show the involvement of parents, teachers
and government as well.
1.4
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
          For the purpose of this study, the
following questions have been asked.
1.     Is
sex for enjoyment the causes of premarital sex among secondary school students?
2.     Are
parents the causes of premarital sex among secondary school students?
3.     Do
pear group influences cause premarital sex among secondary school students?
4.     Is
sexual education capable of reducing premarital sex among secondary school
students?
5.     Are
counselors capable of reducing premarital sex among secondary school student?
The following
hypotheses are formulated. It has been detected that sex for enjoyment is a
cause of premarital sex among secondary school students.
Discussion of
sexual topics is a factor causing premarital sex among secondary school
students.
Imitation is a
cause of premarital sex among secondary school students. Reading about
contraception from books is a factor responsible for premarital sex among
secondary school students.
1.5
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
          This research work will be of great
value to the students, their parents, teachers, counselors and government as a
whole when completed. Also, it will create awareness and educate the readers on
the dangers inherent in premarital sex.
          It will also be usable to the ministry
of education which has made research study possible in formulating education
policies. Furthermore, the study will shed more light on the consequences of
premarital sex among secondary school students. It is hoped that the research
work will provoke further research work. 
Equally, it will give an opportunity to parents to educate their
children in premarital sex among the school age.
1.6
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
          The researcher intends to carry out
the research work in some selected schools within Ifedore local government area
of Ondo state. The study is restricted to five secondary schools in Ifedore
local government area due to the distance from one school to another.
1.7
DEFINITION OF TERMS 
The following
terms that are used in the research work are defined for clarity purpose to the
readers and they are as follows:
a.     Premarital
sex:   having sexual intercourse before marriage.
b.     Abortion:
means ending of pregnancy of an early stage or it can be seen as any
pregnancies that end before the twentieth week of gestation. There are three
general categories to be considered. Miscarriage or spontaneous abortions,
include all intrauterine pregnancies that end involuntarily whether the
pregnancy was intended, desired or not.
c.      Spontaneous
abortion: The most common causes of spontaneous miscarriage is genetic problem.
Several large studies involving cytogenesis analysis of thousands of aborted
pregnancies have documented that chromosomal defects account for approximately
50 percent of all miscarriage.
d.     Drug
abuse: Use of drugs to the extent that it interferes with health, occupation or
social adjustment.
e.      Adjustment:
outcome of the individual efforts to deal with stress and met his needs.
f.       Civilization:
a society, its culture and its way of life during a particular period of time
or in a particular part of the world.
g.     Crisis:
A time of great danger, difficulty or confusion when problems must be solved or
important decisions must be taken or made.
CHAPTER
TWO
2.0
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The
main objectives of this research work are to pin point the causes of premarital
sex among secondary school students in Ifedore local government area of Ondo
state.
2.2 LITERATURE REVIEW
The related
literature is reviewed under the following sub-headings.
1.     The
concept of premarital sex
2.     General
attitude towards premarital sex.
3.     The
causes of premarital sex.
4.     The
consequences of premarital sex.
5.     Introduction
to sex education
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