APPLICATION OF COMPUTER NETWORK IN EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION

APPLICATION OF COMPUTER NETWORK IN EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION 
ABSTRACT
          This
is the application of computer network in effective communication in the College of Education, Ikere – Ekiti is based on
effective dissemination of information via the application of computer
networking.  It is purposely designed to
enable various users of computer to have access to the same information at the
same time on a network.  The use of
computer network has become popular that in next millennium virtually every
business concern, organization, institution home and financial institution shall
be on computer network for fast dissemination of information.  The best method to discuss this project work
is to enumerate the advantage of computer network service over that of another
communication media.
          The
finding shall emphasis on the uses of computer network to all sound and sundry
of the college.  The methodology to be
implemented shall involves creating computer networking.  Analysis of the existing system and the
proposed system shall not be left out.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                              
Certification                                                                           
Dedication                                                                              
Acknowledgement                                                                  
Abstract                                                                                
Table of content                                                                  
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION                                                                       
1.1           
Background
to the study                                                        
1.2           
Statement
of the Problem                                              
1.3           
Purpose
of the study                                                     
1.4           
Hypothesis
                                                                            
1.5           
Significance
of the study                                                       
1.6           
Scope
of the study                                                                  
1.7           
 Limitation of study                                                      
1.8           
Definition
of terms                                                                
1.9           
Motivation
                                                                   
1.10       Contribution to knowledge.                                          
CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                               
2.1           
Early
method of information transmission                             
2.2           
Modern
method of information transmission              
2.3           
Computers
and information technology                        
2.4           
Network
Configuration                                                 
CHAPTER THREE
METHODOLOGY                                                               
3.1             
Modes
of Transmission                                                        
3.2             
Types
of Transmission                                                          
3.3             
Modes
of processing data                                            
3.4             
Problem
of the existing system                                    
3.5             
The
proposed system                                             
3.6             
Advantages
of the proposed system                                     
CHAPTER FOUR
SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION                     
4.1           
Network
design                                                             
4.2           
Software
and Hardware requirements                                    
4.3           
The
necessary requirements                                          
4.4           
Implementation
of the proposed system                      
4.5           
System
testing                                                              
CHAPTER FIVE
5.1           
Summary
                                                                    
5.2           
Conclusion
                                                                  
5.3           
Recommendations
                                                                 
5.4           
REFERENCES                                                           


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1           
Background to the study
In recent
times, messages sent to people and business associates traveled hundreds of
kilometers before finally getting to their destinations.  Mailing through the post and other related
services rendered by the post office was not effective and dependable.  Thus, with progressive advancement in
technology, the invention of electronics like: radio, television, telex,
telephone, facsimile and E-mail for the dissemination of information was a
welcome development due to its advantages over printed materials like: internal
memorandum which has been in use within College of Education, Ikere – Ekiti as
a case study and other institutional established of our present days.
Of all these,
the problem of sending mail and not receiving it at the appropriate time,
coupled with the relatively high cost of sending message through these various
services further fires the need to seek better ways of sending mails without
stress.  In addition, information is
needed in virtually every field of human endeavour.  The advent of computer network today has
proved to be very dependable and effective. 
Since the introduction of this service it has gained a lot patronage
world wide.
Since there
is need to be an effective communication between people within or outside an
organization as the case of College
of Education, Ikere –
Ekiti.  Thus, this implies that, there is
need for an effective communication between academic staff, Non – academic
staff, various schools of studies (school I – school v), Head of department,
Dean of School, Provost Office, Bursary Department, Exams and Records, Security
Office, potter’s office and other sub – section.  The idea of application of computer network
is to improve the former ways of communicating within the college system and
immediate environment.
Many people
have used the term communication in many ways. 
At this point we shall discuss computer network kind of
communication.  The word communication
refers to the process of transferring an idea, skill or aptitude from one
person to another accurately and satisfactorily.  Also, communication is a continuous attempt
to share information and ideas with others which involves the transmission of
information from senders to receivers and from receiver to senders.  Thus, it is a circular process rather than a
liner one.
Briefly,
computer network is used to transmit information over and within large
companies.  The use of computer network
has become so popular that in the next century virtually every business
concern, organization and even homes will not stand without been on network.  The design of this project is to improve
standard of communication and to enable various users to have access to the
same information at the same time on a network.
1.2           
 Statement of the Problem
The application
of computer network in effective communication in the College of Education,
Ikere – Ekiti faces number of challenges and problems, no doubt it could be of
great importance to locate the extent of these problems and probably solution
as this would be of immensurable advantage to the college staffs Exams and
records and the College communities.
Many
scholars, writers and educators have conducted a numbers of research on the
application of computer network in effective communication.
Problem of
poor communication system is in the existing system of communication within and
outside college community.
The missing
in transit of message, misplacement, lost of message by a careless staff
through the process of communication.
1.3           
Purpose of the Study
This project
work on “Application of computer network in effective communication in the
college of education, Ikere – Ekiti” is embarked upon purposely to find
solutions to the poor communication system and to improve the existing system
of communication within and outside college community.  Also, to dispel the fear that the people have
in the information dissemination from various sections of the college
community.
Similarly to
introduce the use of computer network into our communication system as to
enable various computer users to have access to the same information at the
same time on a network.  To create room
for sending all sorts of information including photographs, audio, and video
clips via the use of computer network to maintain an effective communication
within and outside college environment due to the fact that, computer network
is faster, easier, cheaper and less strenuous, thus business and other
establishment can have a better alternative to conventional mail and message,
even the recipient is not around the message is always intact.
In addition,
other purpose is to prevent the act of tearing way of pasted letter and
internal memorandum on the notice board. 
To prevent the missing in transit of message, misplacement, lost of
message by a careless staff through the use of computer network.  To create room for immediate reply of message
without delay.
Lastly, to be
able to recommend through findings and adoption for further research, the
effective ways of communication within and outside college communicate via
computer network.
1.4           
Hypothesis
The following
hypotheses, stated in null form were generated for testing in this study.
There is no
significant difference between the attitudes of computer application and
effective communication.
There is no
significant difference between the application of computer and
Telecommunication.
There is no
significant difference between the application of computer network in effective
communication of the departments and that of all sections of the college.
There is no
significant difference between the application of computer in college of
education, Ikere – Ekiti and world – wide.
1.5           
Significance of the Study
This study is
significance because of the following points.
The study
will reveal, find and confirm the efficiency and adequacy of using computer
network in information dissemination within various sections of the
college.  Since the use of computer
network is faster, easier, cheaper and less strenuous, information
dissemination will now be efficient and adequate.
Other significant
of the study include effective communication with the use of computer network
will give the staffers of the college opportunity to know about the latest
happening within, outside even world – wide. 
Since the computer network users have access to the same information via
networking.
1.6           
Scope of the Study
The following
are the scope of the study on application of computer network in effective
communication in the College
of Education, Ikere –
Ekiti.
a)                
The
findings shall emphasize on the use of computer network to all members of the
college system.
b)               
Definition
of various terminology involved in the line with computer network shall be made
known to all staffers of the college.
c)                
Invention
of computer network including service shall be catered far as to improve the
former means of dissemination of information across the college.
d)               
All
sections and departments in the College shall be linked together through
networking.
e)                
Analysis
of the system including problems of the existing system shall be solved.
f)                 
The
methodology to be implemented to bring and improve our communication system
shall be adequately catered for; Also area of proper system documentation and
adoption shall not be left out.
1.7           
Limitation of the Study
This study
would be limited to the college of education, Ikere – Ekiti in Ikere local
government area of Ekiti
State.
1.8           
Definition of Terms
We shall
consider the following definition under this project research.
a)                
Communication: Is the process of transferring an
idea, skill or aplitude from one person to another accurately and
satisfactorily.
b)               
Communication Channel: This can be defined as a path for
the transmission of a signal (usually electrical) between two points.
c)                
Channel: Is also refers to as a line,
circuit or link of course, not all channels are the same or transmit signals at
the same speed.
d)               
Mode of Transmission: This is refers to as the manner in
which the characters of message are transmitted.  Mode of transmission are Synchronous,
Asynchronous and Isochronous.
e)                
Protocol: This is a predetermined procedure or
route used by sending and receiving units to ensure that they communicate
properly.
f)                 
Computer Network: This is the inter – connected
collection of autonomous computers.  Two
computers are said to be interconnected. 
If they are able to exchange information via a communication medium such
as cables, microwaves or satellite between them.  Two computers are autonomous when there is no
master – share relationship between them.
g)                
Local Area Network (LAN): Is an electronic communications
networks that uses private branch exchanges (PBX) or other local communications
facilities such as long distance links or satellite communications.
h)               
Wide Area Network (WAN): It can be explained as interconnect
computer on separate cities or countries. 
An example of WAN is hole – in – the wall computer.
i)                  
Components of Communication Networks: There are size major components
most commonly found in a data communications network.  They are, communication control unit,
terminals, modern, communication lines, multiplies and concentrators.
1.9           
Motivation
What
motivated me to choose this research topic is that there is no versatile
information dissemination in the college
of Education, Ikere –
Ekiti.  Also the existing system is
facing many problems like the dissemination of message that is very slow and
liable to error and mistake.
Furthermore,
proper security of very confidential messages are to be maintained in the
existing system of communication in the College
of Education Ikere – Ekiti, Ekiti State.
1.10       Contribution to Knowledge
This project
work will contribute to knowledge because application of computer network in
effective communication in the College
of Education, Ikere –
Ekiti is embarked upon purposely to find solution to the poor communication
system and to improve the existing system of communication within and outside
college community.
Also it will
be a great advantage for the various computer users to have access to the same
information at the same time on a network. 
It will help in sending all sorts of information including photographs
audio and video clips via the use of computer network.

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