A STUDY OF READING CULTURE AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ONDO STATE



A STUDY OF READING CULTURE AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ONDO STATE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Certification                  
Dedication           
Acknowledgements      
Table of Content
List of Table
Abstract
CHAPTER
ONE:  INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Research questions
Significance of the study
The scope and limitations of the study
Definition of Terms
CHAPTER
TWO:  LITERATURE REVIEW
Objective of the study
Meaning of reading culture
Poor and constraints on reading culture
Effects
of the downward trend in reading culture on
academic performance of the senior secondary
school students.
Need for effective reading culture
Solution to the download trend in reading
culture among students
Strategies
for Improving Reading Culture among
Senior
Secondary School Students and Nigeria at large
CHAPTER
THREE:  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research Design                                                                              
Sample and sampling Techniques                                                   
Research Instrument                                                                       
Validity and Reliability of the Research
Instrument                         
Procedure for data collection                                                          
Data analysis technique                                                                  
CHAPTER
FOUR:  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Results of the research questions                                                   
Discussions                                                                                     
CHAPTER FIVE:   SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                       
Recommendations                                                                           
References                                                                                      
Appendix                                                                                         
List
of table
Table 1:      Do
study habits of male and female differ and its effect on their academic
performance?
Table 2:      Could
poor reading culture be inimical to personal and national development
Table 3:      Could
socio-Economic status of parents affect the students’ academic performance
Table 4:      Can
the students reading apathy be rehabilitated
Table 5:     
Analysis of WAEC and NECO result between 2008-2014
 
ABSTRACT
This
paper investigated the reading culture and its effect on academic performance
of Senior Secondary School students in Ondo State.  Students were randomly picked from six
selected secondary schools.  Two schools
each from three senatorial districts of Ondo State.  The instrument utilized for the investigation
were questionnaire and personal interviews with some randomly selected students.  The data collected in this study were analyzed
using percentage for the scores and empiricism. 
The findings simply revealed that there is downward trend in reading
culture among the Senior Secondary students which led to downward trend in
their performance as watching home video; 
“MTN extra-cool”; environmental pollution, Lack of operational Library
and reliance  on dishonest tricks during
examinations.  This study revealed that
this is a menace to our educational system and to combat  it needs the involvement of all the
stakeholders in education sector to leave no stone unturned.  The study recommends that education should be
taken as a serious business and worth of huge investment.  Proper monitoring, conducive environment,
functioning library, students and proper monitoring to encourage good reading
habit in our schools and good performance in the examinations.
 CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background
of the Study
          Comprehension is at
the centre of reading.  Colons &
cheek (1999) describe reading as a process that requires the use of complex
thought process to interpret printed symbols as meaningful units and comprehend
them as a thought unit in order to understand a printed massage.  According to Rubin (2002) affirms that,
though reading, humans have the tools to transmit knowledge to each succeeding
generation; it allows one to listen to the wisdom and people of the ages.  This is emphasized by many different
religious traditions.  The Apostle paid
admonished Timothy “study to show you approved into God. (IITimothy 2:15).  Islam holds acquisitions of knowledge
(literacy, reading) in high esteem.  The
Qur’an reveals that the first communication (injunctions) between Allah and
Prophet Mohammed was knowledge-based. 
Iraq-meaning “read” or “recite” (Qur’an 96:1.5).  Reading is the corner stone of learning.
          Reading
culture is the process of building up positive reading attitude among students
and children over a period of time.  When
an individual habitually and regularly read books and other information
materials that are not necessarily required for him to advance in his profession
or carrier, he is said to have a reading culture (Gbadamosi, 2007).  Reading lecture in essence therefore is the
kind of culture that imbibes reading and studding as the basis of growth and
development.  It is the type that sees continuous
  and dedicated reading of information
resources by pupils, children, students and adults for knowledge acquisition,
which will be equipped and applied practically for development.  Reading sharpens the mind, makes one reason
rationally and objectively as well as projects one for greatness in life.  That is why scholastic in describes readers
as leaders.
          Be
that as it may be, this paper will embrace the following, which includes
reading culture among the senior secondary school students in Ondo State, its
effect on Academic Performance of this set of students, constrains to the
development and improvement of reading culture as well as strategies for the
improvement and development of reading culture among the senior secondary
school students in Ondo-State and Nigeria at large.
Statement
of the Problem
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Research
Questions
1.   
Do study habits of male and female differ?  and its effect on their academic performance.
2.   
Could poor reading culture be inimical to
personal and national development?.
3.   
Could Socio economic background of parents
affect the student’s performance?
4.   
Can the students reading Apathy be rehabilitated?
Significance
of the Study
          The
study will assist teachers in identifying the social economic and psychological
problems facing students, which have negative effects on their performances and
to nip them in the bad.  It will serve as
an eye opener to the government on the role of library in schools; the negative
impact of poverty on education in Nigeria. 
Our nation decrepit educational infrastructure is crying for an urgent
and holistic overhaul.  The learning
environment needs to be safe, neat, creative and functional.
The
Scope and Limitations of the Study
Thus research work is limited to senior
secondary schools in Ondo State.  Due to
financial constraints and time, the research is conducted on randomly selected
senior secondary school in Ondo state.  Two
schools from each senatorial district will be used as a case study.  The schools are selected from different local
government areas and both in rural and urban cities.
Definition
of Terms
1        READING CULTURE: The attitudes and
beliefs about reading that      are     shared
by a particular group of people or in a particular    organization.
2        ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: This is the
realization of Learning measured after a learning process has taken place.  Performance relates to the level of achievement
of a person (student) given tracts or characteristics.
3        EFFECT: The way in which an event,
action, or person changes          someone
 or  something.
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