UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY GRADUATES IN NIGERIA AS PERCEIVED BY UNDERGRADUATES IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY, ADO EKITI

UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY
GRADUATES IN NIGERIA AS PERCEIVED BY UNDERGRADUATES IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY,
ADO EKITI
BY
IGE OLUWAFEMI MATTHEW
SO80239
BEING A RESEARCH PROJECT
SUBMITTED TO THE  DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL
FOUNDATIONS AND MANAGEMENT,  FACULTY OF
EDUCATION, EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY, ADO – EKITI
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE
REQUIREMENT
FOR THE AWARD OF B.SC (ED)
HONOURS DEGREE IN EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS AND MANAGEMENT
                                                                   SEPTEMBER, 2015



CERTIFICATION
          This project work was carried out by IGE OLUWAFEMI MATTHEW with Matric No. S080239 in the Department of Educational Foundations and Management,
Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado – Ekiti.
————————–                                              ———————–
DR. HAASTRUP 
EKUNDAYO                                 DATE
(PROJECT SUPERVISOR)     



DEDICATION
          This project is
dedicated to God Almighty.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
My heart-felt gratitude
goes to the Omni-science, Omni-potent and Omni-presence God for His grace,
mercy, protection, wisdom and understanding throughout the period of my studies
and this research work.
I am so much beholden
to my indefatigable Supervisor, Dr. Ekundayo Haastrup, whom in spite of his
busy schedule thoroughly supervised this study to ensure its successful
completion, may God continue to bless him.
I am equally indebted
to Mrs. A.O. Kolawole of the department of educational foundations and Management
for her altruistic effort and motherly assistance towards the completion of
this study. May God continue to promote her.
My profound gratitude
goes to my parents Mr and Mrs. A.V. Ige for their love and support throughout
my educational attainment. Words cannot describe my appreciation to my daddy
and mummy, Pst and Mrs. K.O. Akinriboya whose financial, moral and spiritual
support throughout my university education is unfathomable. May God in His
infinite mercy continue to make you great.
This acknowledgment is
incomplete if I fail to pay homage to my academics fathers and models like Dr.
E. Haastrup, Dr. S. Olatunbosun, Dr. Abeere, Dr. B.K. Oyewole, Dr. Sanya
Ogunsakin, Mr. Adeyemi, Mrs. Oluyede F.S., Pst. and Pst. Mrs. J.O. Mokuolu, too
much but few to mention.
I was greatly inspired
and impacted by the following academics high-fliers and erudite scholars of
great repute: Prof. E.O. Ogunleye, Prof. S.O. Bamidele, Prof. A.A Awe, Prof.
Akin Ogunlade, Prof. E.B. Kolawole, Prof. S.O. Omirin and to the entire
management of the prestigious Ekiti State University, I say a very big thank
you.
To my siblings Olaleke,
Olasunkanmi, Isaac, Ayobami, Damilola, David Blessing, Ifeoluwaposimi, I
appreciate you all. I can’t but appreciate Pst. and Mrs. Godwin Aporve, Mr. and
Mrs. Ademusira, Pst. and Mrs. Owadasa, Pst. and Mrs. Olarewaju, Rev. F.J.C.
Onwuka and my blossom friends, Sikiru Bello, Isaac, Joshua, Afolabi, Falola
Precious, Ajiboye Seun, Fanimi Kemisola and every member of Christian family
worldwide. I thank you all. To my costly brother, Pst. and Mrs. Kunle Ige and
his family, thank you sir.
                                     
ABSTRACT
This study investigated
Ekiti State University undergraduates’ perception of unemployment among
university graduates in Nigeria.
Five research questions
were raised, empirically tested and analysed.
The sample consisted of
one hundred students drawn randomly from five faculties in Ekiti State
University, Ado-Ekiti.
Questionnaires were
used to obtain data which were analysed using frequency counts and percentage.
The result revealed
that too much attention giving to petroleum sector at the detriment of other
sectors like agriculture and industry, technological and structural change,
over-reliance on white-collar job on the part of university graduates, Nigerian
poor educational curricula at all levels of education, imperfect labour market
information system, minimum retirement age’s legislation among others are the
root cause of graduates’ unemployment problem.
Majority of the
respondents have preference for white-collar jobs that are non-existing and
unreliable. Based on the findings and conclusion drawn from this study, it was
therefore recommended that government should develop agricultural and
industrial sectors through the establishment of economic and social overheads
so as to attract the young graduates into farming, establish more
entrepreneurial skills acquisition centres for the youths as well as empowering
the youths to be self-employed. Educational curricula at all levels of educational
should be related to societal needs, there is the need to correct price
distortion between wages and ability, minimum retirement age’s legislation
should be reviewed, Rural-Urban drift should be checked by government through
palliative measure and provision of basic amenities in the rural area.
                            
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE                                                                                    I
CERTIFICATION                                                                                      II
DEDICATION                                                                                  III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS                                                               IV
ABSTRACT                                                                                     VII
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                            IX
CHAPTER
ONE: INTRODUCTION                                            1
Background of the Study                                                                            1
Statement of the Problem                                                                            7
Purpose of the Study                                                                         9
Research Questions                                                                           10
Significance of the Study                                                                            10
Delimitation of the Study                                                                            11
Definition of Terms                                                                           12
CHAPTER
TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE      14
Concept of Unemployment                                                               15
Types of Unemployment                                                                            20
Causes of Unemployment                                                                 21
Occurrence of Graduate Unemployment                                           28
Participation in Nigeria’s Job Searching                                           31
Over-expansion of the Education                                                     33
Neglect of the Rural Sector                                                               35
Effects of Unemployment                                                                 37
Summary                                                                                          45
CHAPTER
THREE: RESEARCH METHOD                              47
Research Method                                                                              47
Sample and Sampling Technique                                                      48
Research Instrument                                                                         49
Validity of the Instrument                                                                 49
Reliability of the Instrument                                                             50
Administration of Research Instrument                                            50
Data Analysis                                                                                   50
CHAPTER
FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION                     51
Results                                                                                              51
Discussion of Findings                                                                      62
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION
AND RECOMMENTIONS                           65
Summary                                                                                          65
Conclusion                                                                                        66
Recommendations                                                                                      57
References                                                                                         70
Appendices                                                                                                 72

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