THE RELEVANCE OF LABOUR SAVING EQUIPMENT TO MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF DOMESTIC WORK BY CAREER WOMEN IN OWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ONDO STATE

ABSTRACT
This study will be conducted to
investigate the relevance of labour saving equipment in meeting the challenges
of domestic work by career women in Ondo State.
The study is a survey research design
which consisted of all career women. Stratified random sampling technique was
used to select 50 career women. Self designed questionnaire was used for data
collection. The data were analyzed using percentage and chi-square (x2)
statistics at 0.05 level of significance.-
The result showed that there was
significant relationship between women and domestic work, career women and labour
saving equipment. There was no significant relationship between manual labour
and labour saving equipment.
The study therefore, recommended
that, women should be encouraged and assisted in doing domestic work, the cost
of buying labour saving devices should be reduced to enable accessibility and
affordability, women should be enlightened on how to make use of labour saving
equipment.
                            
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title                                                                                        
Page
Approval Page                                                                     
Certification                                                                                     
Dedication                                                                              
Acknowledgement                                                                           
Abstract                                                                                 
Table of Content                                                                    
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction                                                                                   
Purpose of the study.                                                             
Statement of Problem.                                                            
Significance of the study                                                                 
Objective of the study                                                            
Limitation of the study                                                           
Research Questions                                                                
Significance of the Study                                                                 
Research Hypotheses                                                           
Definition of Terms                                                                
CHAPTER TWO
Review of Related Literatures                                               
Career Women and Domestic Work                                       
Manual Labour and Labour Saving Equipment                     
Labour Saving Equipment and Career Women                      
Challenges of Career Women and their Household Task                 
Women and Domestic Worker.                                                        
Problems Facing Domestic Workers                                                
Summary                                                                                
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology                                                                          
Design of the Study                                                               
Population of the Study                                                         
Sample and Sampling Technique                                           
Instrument of the study                                                          
Data Analysis                                                                         
Validity of the Instrument                                                      
Procedure for Data collection                                                  
Reliability of the Instrument                                                   
CHAPTER FOUR
Results and Discussion of Findings                                        
Discussion of Finding                                                             
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation.                        
Summary                                                                                
Conclusion                                                                             
Recommendation                                                                    
Appendix                                                                               
References                                                                              
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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
In the olden days women are generally
regarded as weaker sex and biologically inferior to their man counterparts. In
this regard, there were no working class women in the society. They were only
relegated to domestic matters and were regarded as full house wives (Johnson
2004).
Generally then, women had enough and
more time to spend looking after their homes. So therefore there was less
demand for labour saving equipment in homes. To a large extent women devoted
all their time and energies to complete their household responsibilities and
take adequate care of their families as well. But today the notion that women
are inferior to their men counterparts no longer hold, consequently, women had
been competing favourably with men especially in business endeavours
governmental work as well as active participation in public life.
In view of the above, women no longer
have enough time to carry out their daily domestic tasks. This change in the
role of women in the society therefore made the need for labour saving
equipment in the homes to become necessary and essential. More importantly with
modern invention in technology and civilization the ancient house hold utensils
like mortar and pestle, grinding stone, manual washing plates and clothes and
also the use of needle to sew clothes had become obsolete. This is because it
is preferable and more comfortable to use labour saving equipment to carry out
domestic activities since these equipment will definitely safe time and energy.
In having modern equipment in the
home one would be able to prepare variety of foods like bread, biscuit snacks,
cake etc. easily and fastly. A woman who uses pounding machine in preparing
food will enjoy using the gadget because it is quicker and also will save her
time and energy than the housewife using pestle and mortar. Generally, there
are various labour saving equipment that are essential to the housewife in the
house. Some of these are mixing machine, yam pounder, toaster, gas or electric
cooker, vacuum cleaner, carpet sweeper, washing machine, water heater, dish
water, chinchin cutter e.t.c.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main purpose of this study is to
investigate the relevance of labour saving equipment in meeting the challenges
of domestic work faced by career women on Owo Local Government.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
There are various which had made some
people not to be interested or cherish the importance and value of labour
saving equipment in their respective homes. Among the reasons are illiteracy
and ignorance coupled with erratic supply or electricity. Finance is another
problem. The prices of these equipment are just too high that people cannot
afford to buy them. Consequently, they still prefer the local ways of carrying
out their domestic activities.
Some people complain that they are
living in old apartment and that they cannot buy such equipment in old
buildings unless they are in modern houses where there are facilities and space
for the equipment. Some people talked of non availability of spare parts as
well as the problem of repairs and servicing.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is hoped that this study would
make the public realize the importance and value of the labour saving equipment
in every home and how to take proper care of them.
The realization of the importance of
labour saving equipment would make the public to derive joy from using them and
help to keep houses clean and assist house wives to carry out their domestic
tasks with ease and comfort.
This write up will definitely come
out with useful information which would stimulate the interest of house-wives
generally in the use and acquisition of labour saving equipment.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
i.                  
The
relevance of labour saving equipment to meet the challenges of domestic work by
career women in Owo Local Government.
ii.                
To
enlighten housewives on the importance of labour saving equipment.
iii.             
To
make known to women that having modern equipment in their homes will make it
easier for them to prepare a variety of foods with minimum effort/energy.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY  
The problem that I
encountered during my research has been lack of text book to give full
information on this topic. All the test book available are those summarizing to
topic.
The illiterate housewives
on the other hand find if difficult to give information that might be of good
help to the research.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.                
Is
there any significant relationship between women and domestic work.
2.                
Is
there significant relationship between career and domestic work.
3.                
Is
there significant relationship between manual labour and labour saving
equipment.
4.                
Is
there significant relationship between labour saving equipment and career
women.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 
The usefulness of this study is that
it will help the relevance of labour saving equipment to meeting the challenges
of domestics work by career women in Owo Local Government.
RESEARCH HYPOTHESES         
The following null hypotheses were
formulated from research questions.
1.                
There
is no significant relationship between women and domestic work.
2.                
There
is no significant relationship between career and domestic work.
3.                
There
is no significant relationship between manual labour and labour saving
equipment.
4.                
There
is no significant relationship between labour saving equipment and career
women.
DEFINITION OF TERMS    
1.                
Domestic
work:- Is the employment of people for wages in their employer’s residence
which was sometimes called “service”. It evolved into a hierarchical system in
various countries at various times.
2.                
labour
saving equipment:- This is an equipment used at home to saving the labour of
the domestic workers.
3.                
Career:
– The service of jobs that a person has in a particular area of work, usually
involving more responsibility as time passes.     

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