THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND LOCATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

THE INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND LOCATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE
ABSTRACT
This
project is concerned with the influence of gender and location on the
performance of students in integrated science. The researcher therefore
adopted questionnaire method to collect information from the students.
The objective of the project as stated bellow guided the write ups
throughout. Hence these objectives are as follows:

  1. To identify the influence of gender on the performance of students in integrated science.
  2. To identify the influence of location performance of students in integrated science.
  3. To know the performance of both male and female performance in the study of integrated science in junior secondary schools.
  4. Questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. The data collected was analyzed using simple X2 From the study it was revealed that male students do not perform better than their female counterpart in integrated science
  5. On the average, students from schools in rural areas perform better than the students from urban schools.

 TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                               
Certification                                                                                   
Dedication                                                                             
Acknowledgment                                                                    
Abstract                                                                                
Table of contents                                                                 
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION       
Background of the study                                                                  
Statement of the problem                                                          
Purpose of the study                                                           
Research Question                                                                      
Research hypothesis                                                          
Significant of the study                                                
Delimitation of the study                                                                 
Definition of terms                                                             
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Gender and students performance                                          
Relationship between students location and student                        
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Research Methodology                                                          
Research Design                                                                     
Population of the study                                                    
Sample and Sampling Techniques                                  
Research instruments                                                           
Validity of the Research Instrument                                       
Reliability of the Research Instruments                                  
Administration of the research instruments                                    
ethod of Data Analysis                                                               
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
Descriptive Analysis                                                              
Discussion                                                                           
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
                             RECOMMENDATION
Summary                                                                             
Conclusion                                                                           
Recommendation                                                                
Limitation of the study                                                     
Suggestions for further studies                                              
REFERENCES                                                                     
APPENDIX 1                                                                    
APPENDIX II                                                                      
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
This
is an era of science and technology. It is a period of great global
exception in terms of scientific and technological advancement. As a
result of this Oyekan (1993) opined that a hopeful desire for science
and technology might be hampered by student under achievement cause by
lack of science or scientific skill. According to him, science,
technology and integrate science are interwoven and there can neither be
scientific growth nor technology advancement without a sound knowledge
of integrated science.
Chukwu (2000) lamented that students and
teachers do not see the nature and practical connection between the
science and integral concepts. He explained and expatiated that the
provision of the science curriculum and other integral requirements of
science subjects are based on science ethic and principle. In view of
these developments through the globe, teachers are therefore charged
with the responsibility to develop students’ mental ability, the ability
to reason and manipulate as well as the skill to solve science
problems. Apart from the ability to use science principles and ethics to
be applied in logical reasoning inference. Inclusive therefore,
integrated science is a very important subject. There is hardly any
science oriented discipline that does not require the knowledge of
integrated science e.g physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics and
other earth sciences. Integrated science is a compulsory subject for all
junior secondary schools students; the expectation is that adequate
exposure of students to the knowledge of (mathematics, Physics,
Chemistry, and Biology) as an integral science course will have
facilitative effect on their achievement in subjects. Ali (1997). All
over the world, findings revealed that gender factors streamline female
into profession such as teaching, catering, secretarial activities
banking etc, nowadays there are growing interest among female to
participate in field that were formally dominated by males such as
physics, meteorologist, science tutors and laboratory management among
others. Critically looking at these areas of study, where integrated
science is involved, one cannot be scientifically exploited and
developed without integrated science. The influence of environment
reported both positive and negative impact on subject areas, for
instance there is an erroneous believe that students from urban areas
perform better in integrated science examination than those from rural
areas. This may be due to their exposure outside the classroom which
student from rural area may not have. Personally, student from rural
area can perform better or competed with their mates from urban area due
to the following reasons: if their parents are teachers of science
course or if they have senior ones that have more knowledge on some of
the science subjects, or if the child creates interest on integrated
science there is a tendency to perform better.
The type of friend
or peer group they move with also is a vital reason to be considered.
Integrated science can be viewed as the foundation of real science. It
is very important and vital; that every science minded individual should
be acquainted with integrated science. Some people believe without any
empirical support that because male are regarded as the dominant and
ever superior sex they intrinsically have better brains and learn more
better than females.
Research by Ukwuwagwu (2002) showed that
differences had not always favored one gender. In Nigeria, considerable
effort had been expended on how gender effects can be implicated in the
poor performance of girls in integrated science. Unfortunately these
research efforts have not produced any definite clear cut picture from
their findings as they do not agree on the magnitude and direction of
gender differences in performance in integrated science. According to a
report cited by Owolabi (2009) that female students do better due to
their compatibility of biological make up and caring from their parents
perform bellow expectation due to parent’s abandonment and uncaring
attitude of parents. In conclusion ability to prepare and put to test
hypothesis makes male students perform better than female counterparts
either at internal external examination in the secondary school level.
Statement of the Problem
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Purpose of the Study
This
study specifically sought out influence of student gender and school
location on student’s performance in integrated science as they are as
follows:

  1. The study is aimed at making useful suggestion and
    recommendation for means that can bring about improvement to the problem
    of student gender and school location in the poor performance of
    students in integrated science.
  2. The study will also show maybe
    the environment that the students find themselves provide positive or
    negative to their performance in school.
  3. The study will help to ascertain if there were variations between male and female students performance in integrated science.
  4. The research will also help to provide useful information and illustration for teachers and school administrators.

 Research Questions
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Research Hypothesis
The following hypotheses are used in this research.

  1. There is no significant difference between the performance of male students in rural area and male students in urban area.
  2. There is no significant difference between the performance of female students in rural and female students in urban area.
  3. There is no significant difference between the performance of female students in urban areas and male students in urban areas
  4. There is no significant difference between the performances of male students in rural areas.

Significance of the Study
The
research is considered significant especially in Ondo West Local
Government Area of Ondo State because it will help to develop the
influence of student gender towards the performance of students in
Integrated science. It will help students to contribute positively to
the development of the society and inculcate in their future generations
right attitudes towards integrated science. It will also create
awareness to the parents in the needs to view education of their
children as an obligations that must be fulfilled.
Delimitation of the Study
The
study is delimited to the influence of student’s gender and school
location of student’s academic performance in integrated science in Ondo
West Local Government Area of Ondo State
Definition of Terms
All terms used in the study are operationally defined as they are used in the content of this research.
Gender: The characteristics of being a male or female as a qualitative gender.
Location: Surrounding which implies the adaptation where people lie which ay be rural or urban.
Performance: The result of expected or unexpected outcome fro a given assignment
Technology: This is science which deals with industrial art or the knowledge/ use of mechanical arts an applied science.
Psychology: This is the study of the mind and hoe it works.
Influence: This is an effect whether positive or negative on any case study.
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW


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