THE IMPACT OF USING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

THE IMPACT OF USING INSTRUCTIONAL
MATERIALS IN TEACHING BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page
Certification Page                                                                   
Approval Page                                                                         
Dedication                                                                              
Acknowledgements                                                               
Table of Contents                                                                  
List of Tables                                                                         
Abstract                                                                                  
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                         

Statement of the Problem                                        

Purpose of the Study                                                

Scope of the Study                                                   

Research Questions and / or                                   

Hypotheses                                                               
CHAPTER TWO:          LITERATURE REVIEW             
Introduction
Conceptual Framework
Theoretical framework 
Review of Related Empirical Studies
Summary of the Review of Literature
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Introduction                                                                         
Research Design                                                                    
Area of the Study                                                                    
Population of the Study                                                          
Sample and Sampling Techniques                                         
Instrument/Technique for Data
Collection                          
Validation of the Instrument                                                  
Method of Data Collection                                                   
Method of Data Analysis                                                       
CHAPTER FOUR:  RESULTS
Introduction                                                                           
Research Question 1                                                            
Table                                                                                      
Interpretation                                                                        
Research Question                                                               
CHAPTER
FIVE: DISCUSSION OF RESULTS, CONCLUSION,
RECOMMENDATIONS
AND SUMMARY
Discussion of Results                                                          
Implications of the Findings                                                
Recommendations                                                                
Limitation of the Study                                                        
Suggestions for Further Studies                                          
Summary of the Study                                                          
REFERENCES                                                                      
APPENDIX                                                                           
ABSTRACT
          This
study examined the impact of using standardized and improvised instructional
materials in teaching Business Studies in junior secondary schools, in Ikere
Local government area of Ekiti State, the research design adopted was survey
method and questionnaire method was used to collect necessary data used. Data
were analysed using simple percentage.
Findings revealed that  there is a
significant difference in the achievement of students taught using standard
instructional materials, those taught with improvised instructional materials
and those in the conventional instruction. Thus, Business Studies’ teachers
need to be resourceful in instructional materials selection, planning and
utilization so as to reduce the cost of production and maintenance of
instructional materials. The researchers conclude that the utilization of
improvised instructional materials promote and enhance effective
teaching-learning process, it is therefore recommended that the usage should be
encouraged.

 

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
Background
of the Study
          Effective
teaching of any subject will not only stimulate student’s interest in the
subject but also enhance their achievement in the examination. To achieve
effective teaching and learning process, there is the need for use of
instructional materials.
          This
study is carried out to examine the impact of using instructional materials in
teaching Business Studies in Junior Secondary Schools, and their academic
achievement.  instructional materials
have some inherent advantages that make teacher unique in teaching. They
provide the teacher with interesting and compelling platform for conveying
information since they motivate learning to develop interest in learning
process. Also, by providing opportunities for private study and reference, the
leaner’s interest and curiosity are increasing stimulated.
          Instructional
materials are in various classes, such as audio, visual or audio-visual. Thus
audio instructional materials refer to those devices that make use of the sense
of hearing only, like radio, audio  tape
recording.
          Visual
instructional materials on other hands, are those devices that appeal to the
sense of sight only such as the chalkboard, chart, slide and filmstrip.
          An
audio-visual instructional materials however, is a combination of devices which
appeal to the sense of both hearing and seeing such as television, motion
picture and computer. Among the instructional materials, the classroom teacher
uses, the visuals out-numbered the combination of the audio and audio-visual.
          Ogunmilade
(2012) the teacher can use instructional materials in various ways to make his
effort more effective in producing learners (students) who are agile
well-groomed and adequately informed.
          Savoury
(2008) also added that, a well-planned and imaginative use of visual aids in lessons
should do much to banish apathy, supplement in adequacy of books as well as
arouse students interest by giving them something practical to see and do, and
at the same time helping to train them to think things out themselves.
          Instructional
materials helps in picture and image vividly in minds and memory of learner.
Instructional materials have effectively proved a useful comparison in the
pursuit of aspiration, knowledge and growth.
          In
order to raise the quality of education, its efficiency and productivity,
better learning materials are needed .
Statement
of the Problem
          The
use of instructional materials in teaching Business studies in Junior secondary
schools is not encouraging.
          As
a result, it makes the morale and interest of the students in Business studies
low. Teachers adopt the verbalistic and theoretical method as a way of teaching
and learning the subject. Non-availability of instructional materials in
schools.
          To
what extent does the use of instructional materials effect learning and students
achievement in Business Studies in Junior Secondary Schools.
Purpose
of the Study
          The
main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of using instructional
materials in teaching business studies in Junior Secondary Schools in Ikere
Local Government in Ekiti State which are:

To investigate the extent of the availability of
instructional materials in school

To investigate whether the availability of instructional
materials in schools is used

To examine the factors that militate against the procurement
of instructional materials for Business studies in schools

To investigate the attitudes of schools administrator and
the teacher towards the provision and utilization of instructional materials in
schools

To find out the impact in which instructional materials
convey in bringing about the effective in teaching and learning process.
Significance
of the Study
          This
is centred on the importance as it would provide an index in the contribution
of instructional materials to the attainment of the national policy on
education objectives as it relates to Business studies.
          More
specifically, it will also reveal some specific areas covered where more is
required to be done in order to accomplish the slated objectives of junior
secondary education in respect of vocational subjects.
 Scope
of the Study
          This
study examine the impact of using instructional materials in teaching Business
studies in junior secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti
State
Research
Questions
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CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF
LITERATURE
Introduction
          The
literature for this study is reviewed under the following subheadings:

Conceptual
Framework

Teaching and Instructional Materials

Teacher-Centred Instructional Materials

Learner-Centered Instructional Materials

Selection of Instructional Materials

Types and Effect Of Instructional Materials

Problems of Instructional Materials

The Summary of the Literature Review
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