THE EFFECTS OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS ON EDUCATION
persistent religious conflicts in Nigeria have given thoughtful
Nigerians a deep concern in recent times. Many of them wonder why
religion which used o be the cohesive factor and core of national unity,
peaceful co-existence factor and national development has become a tool
for political manipulation, violence, destruction of lives and property
in Nigeria in contemporary times. This paper first of all defined the
terms that are used in this presentation. It also makes a review of some
religious conflicts experienced in Nigeria together with their causes
and the effects. The paper utilized both secondary sources and
observation methods for data collection and presentation. Finding from
the research reveals that the impact of religious conflicts on education
is endemic in Nigeria. The paper recommends among others, that
religious education should be taught in primary, secondary and higher
institutions of learning in Nigeria and that government should employ
meaningful ways such as education and inter-faith dialogue to enhance
peaceful co-existence in Nigeria.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of Content
Background to the Study
Statement of the Problem
Scope of Study
Purpose of Study
Significance of Study
Definition of Terms
Population of Study
Validity of Instrument
Method of Data Collection
Presentation of Results and Analysis
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 34
of Islamic Christianity and African Traditional Religion. However, the
adherents of the three religions, especially Muslims and Christians are often engaged
in conflict, leading to loss of lives and property.
adherents of these two religions engaging in one conflict or the other. The
religious scenario in Nigeria has assumed a violent dimension, leading to
suicide bombings, loss of innocent lives and property. The area that is most
affected with terrorists attacks is the definitive Northern region. That is, the
north and the area called “middle belt” of Nigeria. Even if there is a seeming
peace, the relationship between Christians and Muslims is marked with mutual
suspicions and distrust. Amadu, (1989). These religious crises are more
frequent in the north and they sometimes give birth to reprisal attacks in Eastern
parts of Nigeria. The reprisal attacks by Christians in Eastern Nigeria are
directed to all the northerners without distinction of religious affiliation.
That is, both Christians and Muslims are victims of such attacks, (Drugba, 2006). Often, Northern Christians
particularly suffer death casualties. At every twist of events, they lose lives
in the Eastern parts of Nigeria during reprisal attacks. The ugly situation
calls for reflection in education as one of the possible measures of preventing
religious conflicts on education.
When education is mentioned all minds naturally go to Western, Islamic and Traditional
forms of education. Although, all these form religious education, yet,
Education is a difficult subject to inquire into including attempts at
definition as conception. This is because
there are quite a significant number of definitions which have indicated that
education is the oldest discipline in human history.
significant numbers of definitions for education given by various scholars.
These definitions are all different in length, description, character and
degree of definiteness. Therefore, it
may not be easy to come out with a definite and universally acceptable
definition of education. This notwithstanding, Lannap and Kazi (2003) described
education as the oldest discipline in human history which deals with the art of
acquiring knowledge at school or similar institution. It is the acquisition of
knowledge or abilities gained through being educated (Encarta Microsoft 2007)
total process of human training by which knowledge is imparted, facilitated,
trained and skills developed. Education is therefore supposed to cater for the
cognitive, affective and psychomotor development of the individual.
knowledge, as a systematic cultivation of the mind and other natural pacers of
the mind and other natural power of the knowledge and skill through training
(2004) views education as the imparting of knowledge through instruction to
effect discipline and maturity of the mind.
science, when he asserts that:
on facts and observations, which should be ranged in analytical tables easily
compared in order to deduce principle and definite rules. Education should
become a positive science instead of being ruled by narrow and limited opinions
by whims and arbitrary decisions of administrators to be turned away from the
direct line which it should follow, either by prejudice of a blind routing or
by the spirit of some system and innovation.
that education is the activity of leading out bearing in mind that there is a
point from which its present proceed and a future towards which the leading is
education being a systematic cultivation of the natural powers of the mind for
acquisition of skills through training and instruction has the capability of
imparting knowledge to affect discipline and maturity in the recipient to
enable him/her sunluves as an independent entity. In Nigeria, the development
of education can therefore be seen in three major phases: pre-colonial,
colonial and post colonial or post-independent era.
education, which was introduced by Christian missionaries that brought
different individual together and social values.
state of unrest and peace is undermined in a society.
society gives room for frequent micro-ethnic tensions thereby causing state of
unrest in education sector. Conflicts as a socio cultural, political and
economy development of Nigerian state, during this period of unrest,
educational institutions and communities suffers in terms of property and lives
of productive citizens, young and old that can be used for national development
examine the effects of conflicts on education in Nigeria
know the cause of conflict on educational sector in Nigeria
suggest and give appropriate recommendations to the challenges usually rises by
shall be limited to Akure South Local Government of Ondo state. This is set to examine
the effects of religious conflicts on education with particular reference to
Akure south local government area of Ondo state.
research on akure south local government is that there are many social and
educational conflicts in the country and to make all as the case study would
not be an effective ground for thorough research work. This has to be narrowed
down to a specific area in which Akure South Local Government is of paramount
with so many people with different cultures, norms and values these are the
main factors that determine the basis of the acceptable mode of interaction
among each members of society.
each of the above mentioned factors influenced religious conflicts in akure
local government area, the causes and effect of religious conflicts in akure
local government will be investigate and solution will be prescribed on how o
reduce It to the bearable minimum in the society and on education.
social scientists, politicians, governments, non-governmental organizations
human rights activities, law enforcement agents and it will provide a base for
further research work.
transmitting, refining and preserving the collective values can be added in the
culture of the society’s cultural reproductive system.
is the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community.
It is also a situation of being in the company of other people
it I the passing down of elements if a culture from generation to generation,
especially by oral communication.
worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.
or argument, typically a protracted one. It is also being incompatible or not
to be variously defined by scholars. These definitions are diverse and they all
convey the single meaning disagreement between the two or more religious
conflicts as a situation in which religion adherents are involved in a serious
disagreement or argument with the one religious and another. This is a
situation in which there are opposition in ideals opinions feeling and washes.
conflicts as struggle over values and claims to score resources, status and
power in which the aims of the opponents are to naturalize, inure or eliminate
their rivals. This definition very much suits or reflects the conflict between Muslims
and Christians in Nigeria.
when two more persons, groups, communities or nations seek to take possession
or eliminate a particular object of value at the exclusion of others, conflicts