THE EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING OF GEOGRAPHY IN ILORIN-EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KWARA STATE

THE EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING OF GEOGRAPHY IN ILORIN-EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KWARA STATE

ABSTRACT
The study investigated the effective
utilization of instructional materials in the teaching of geography in some
selected senior secondary schools of Ilorin
.east local government area of Kwara state.

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          The sample involved 40 teachers and 152
students totaling 192 drawn from the eight selected schools in Ilorin East
Local Government Area of Kwara state.
           The
main instruments used for the investigation were; a questionnaire based on the
investigation into the various problems faced in the availability, adequacy and
effective usage of geography instructional resources in the schools  and the results of the students that offered
geography in the WAEC SSCE examinations from 2005-2009. To show the performance
level of students that offered geography in the state.
          Finding reveals that students perform poorly
in the SSCE examinations due to lack of adequate teaching materials like textbooks,
libraries, maps, field and laboratory equipments like thermometers, rain gauge
etc and as well as lack of excursions and field trips.
           Based upon the findings, the following
recommendations were made:
          Government should make specific funds
available for the schools for the purchase of some instructional materials and
teaching aids that is very relevant in the teaching of geography. The need for
periodic excursions and field work should be included in the geography senior
secondary school curriculum so that the students will be familiar with the
geography around them.                                       



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page                                                                                i
Certification                                                                                      ii
Dedication                                                                               iii
Acknowledgment                                                                     iv
Abstract                                                                                  vii
Table of Contents                                                                    ix
List of Tables                                                                
CHAPTER ONE:
INTRODUCTION                                   1
Background of the Study                                                                   1
Statement of the Problem                                                                  3
Purpose of the Study                                                               4
Research Question                                                                             5
Significance of the Study                                                                   5
Delimitation of the Study                                                                  6
Definition of Major Terms                                                     
7



CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                  8  
Types of Instructional Materials and their Uses                
       10
The Purpose of Instructional Materials                                     
14
Sources of Instructional Materials                                              15
Criteria for Selecting Appropriate Instructional
Materials                                                                                     18
The Concept and Evolution of Geography                                 21
Current Status and Practice of Geography Teaching                 24
The Role of Instructional Materials in the Teaching and
Learning of Geography                                                                                         26
Correct Usage of instructional materials                                    29
Evaluation of Instructional Materials                                     
                      31
Summary                                                                                    33
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH
METHODS                               35
Research Design                                                                         35
Population of the Study                                                            
35
Sampling Technique                                                                  36
Instrument for the Study                                                                    
36
Validity of the Instrument                                                         37
Reliability of the Instrument                                                      38
Administration of the Instrument                                              38
Data Analysis                                                                            39
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS
AND DISCUSSION             40
Results of the Study                                                                  40
Discussions                                                                   
          48
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY,
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                                                                
51
Summary                                                                                   51
Conclusion                                                                                52
Recommendations                                                                               53
Limitation of the Study                                                             55
Suggestions for Further Study                                                   56
REFERENCES                                                                         57
APPENDIX                                                                              60



LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1: The Performance level of Students
in Geography at the SSCE Examinations from 2005-2009 in Kwara state                      41
TABLE 2: Types of Instructional Materials
Being Used in the Teaching of Geography                                                                       42
TABLE 3: Availability of Instructional
Materials in the Schools    44
TABLE 4: Problems Encounters by Geography
Teachers in the Usage of Instructional Materials                                                                   45
TABLE 5: Criteria Used in the Selection of
Appropriate Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Geography                                   47
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