THE EFFECT OF TRUANCY ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE PUPILS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOLS

ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of
truancy on academic performance of primary pupils in Ilaje Local Government Area
of Ondo State contemporary research tends increasingly to criticize and
describe the ills of our educational system. It discussed the factors that
caused truancy.
Furthermore, this research work tried
to find a possible solution to the effects of truancy on academic performance
of Primary school pupils in Ilaje Local Government Area of Ondo State.
Questionnaire and oral interviews
were used to identify the truants in researchable schools and the reason for
not staying in school.
Conclusively, the study made some
recommendations which the government academicians and those concerned with
educational policies should take into consideration in order to attain
educational goals.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page                                                                                
Certification                                                                                    
Dedication                                                                             
Acknowledgement                                                                           
Abstract                                                                                 
Table of Content                                                                    
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction                                                                                     
Background of the Study                                                                 
Purpose of the Study                                                              
Statement of the Problem                                                                 
Research Question                                                                       
Significance of the Study                                                                 
Scope and limitation of the Study                                          
Definition of terms                                                                           



CHAPTER TWO
Review of related literature                                                  
Concept of Truancy                                                              
Causes of Truancy                                                                          
School Factors                                                                    
Pupils Factors                                                                        
Consequences of Truancy                                                     
Solution of Truancy                                                              
CHAPTER THREE
Research Method                                                                    
Research Design                                                                     
Population of study                                                                
Sample and Sampling Technique                                            26-27
Research Instrument                                                                27
Data collection procedures                                                      27-28
Validation of Instrument                                                                   28
Data Analysis                                                                          28-29
CHAPTER FOUR
Result                                                                                                30-31
Discussion                                                                               31-35
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary                                                                                 36
Conclusion                                                                              37
Recommendation                                                                     38-39
Suggestion for further studies                                                 39
REFERENCES                                                                      40-43
APPENDIX                                                                            44-46



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
For a long time now, attention has
been drawn by the society and the press to the increasing number of children
who for one reason or the other fail to attend school both male and female
pupils.
The various government in Nigeria
have continue to meet over this problems about three years ago, the Ondo State
Government instituted an inquiry to find out why a large number of pupils lift
their school for some where to indulge themselves in various undesirable behaviour.
Menditation have been carried out the
cause and treatment of truancy the problem of truancy still remain among
primary school pupils in Ilaje Local Government Area of Ondo State.
The topic therefore, is the study of
the cause of truancy among primary school pupils in Ilaje Local Government Area
of Ondo State. This findings, which includes various remedial approaches, will
be of great value, not only parents, guidance and teachers but to all other
counselors as well.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study was to
investigate the factors causing truancy among pupils in Ilaje Local Government
Area of Ondo State.
The major purpose therefore was:
i)                  
To
ascertain the frequency of truancy in male and female pupils.
ii)               
To
investigate how truants and non-truancy pupils perceive the problem of truancy.
iii)             
To
provide solution to the problems of truancy on the study area.
Statement of the study
In recent years there had been
increasing interest in pupils playing truancy and which had adverse effect on
the academic performance of some primary school pupils.
According to peter (2001) discipline
coveys the motion of submission to rules or some kind of orders in this case,
school rules and regulations are flouted. But peasant farmers, children who
attend school usually succumb to their parent who force them to go to farm
during farming season at the expensive of the school activities. It is possible
that during farming season, truancy may be come major problem in primary
schools in this area.
The intention of study, therefore is
to ascertain the validity of the ascertain that period truancy is rampantly
during farming period and is also that a cause factor of our want in an area
may not necessary be the cause factor of school in another area of town.
Truancy problem in Ilaje Local
Government Area deserve a special action.
This has backward the study.
Research Question
The following research questions were
raised.
1)    What is the rate of truancy among the
primary school pupils?
2)         
What
is the relationship between the performance of foster and non-foster?
3)         
Does
the attitude of teachers affect the performance of the pupils?
4)         
Does
the sex of the teacher affect the pupils regular attendance?
Significance of the Study
Truancy is related to concept of
discipline therefore this research will be of immense benefits to the school
authorities, parents, pupils and school counselors.
It will open the eyes of school
authorities more than ever before to have the through grasp of the truancy
problem. The result of the study, will help the school authorities to educate
parent on the causes of truancy among their children and also, to assist them
to adjust on the welfare of their children.
Truancy is an adjustment problem and
therefore relevant to guidance and counselor which calls for need to have
trained counselor in our school to help in combating the problem of truancy
thereby enhancing the development of the pupils national development as well.
In conclusion, truancy, which is
prevalent in our primary school, is a discipline problems that can militate
against the good intentions of the government on primary school education. It
will therefore, be a meaningful exercise to carry out an investigation into the
causes of truancy among pupils with specific reference to primary schools in
Ilaje Local Government Area of Ondo State.
Scope and Limitation of the Study
The study area is limited to Ilaje
Local Government Area of Ondo State.
It is situated between latitude 10­0N
and longitude 80E and latitude 50S and longitude 60W
of the Greenwich
meridian.
Ilaje Local Government Area is
situated on a relatively low land about 100 metres above sea level. The climate
is tropical raining zone. Season can grouped into two zones namely rain and dry
season.
The annual rainfall is between 100
and 150 centimeter, which spread over a period of at least eight months of the
years within the month of April to October.
It has an average temperature of not
less than 250C. The vegetation and the soil conditions in this area
encourages the growth of both cash crops and food crops such as cocoa, coffee,
maize, palm tree, cassava, yam, cocoyam etc.
Agriculture is the main occupation of
the people of this area, over 75% of the working population engage in farming
and other occupations including trading, driving, palm wine taping, weaving
etc.
Also, in terms of educational
position, there are 35 primary school, 15 secondary school, one National
Training Institute (N.T.I) (Grade Two) and Nigeria Certificate of education.
Concerning the religion of this Area,
Christianity, Muslim and Traditional religious are practiced.
Lastly, our economics of this area
are progressive. Over 50% of working population is engage in industry rather
than any other work.
Also, most of their wealth comes from
factories and industries are: Garri industry, palm oil industry and sawmill
industry!
Definition of Terms
The following terms have been
operationally defined for the purpose of the study:
Truancy
This could be described as a person
who deliberately stays away from duties at school or on a job because he
dislikes the place the people or responsibility.
Peer Group:
This means age grade that comprises person, playmates of roughly the same age
academic achievement.
This means the result of pupils as a
result of his/her continuous assessment. Also, means the pupils career success
in life after school, as a result of the influence of education on them.
Academic Performance: This is the grade mark that an individual pupils scores in class work
or examination as used in comparison with the effect of truancy on their
(pupils) academic performance.
Psychological:
It means the refusing to let person go to somewhere.
Maladjustment:
This could be termed as a person that unable to adopt himself properly to his environment.
Proliferation:
this means grow or reproduce or rapid multiplication of things.



          CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
In this chapter, the research
reviewed some related literature on the effect of truancy on academic
performance of primary school pupils.
Specifically the following areas were
reviewed:
i)                  
Concept
of Truancy
ii)               
Causes
of Truancy
iii)             
Solution
to Truancy
iv)             
Summary
The Concept of Truancy
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