THE EFFECT OF PRETRIAL PUBLICITY ON JUDGES’ DECISION MAKING AND PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF A DEFENDANT

THE EFFECT OF PRETRIAL PUBLICITY
ON JUDGES’ DECISION MAKING AND PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF A DEFENDANT

ABSTRACT
This study examined the effects of pretrial
publicity on judges decision making and public perception of a defendant. Two
hundred undergraduate students of university of Ado-Ekiti,

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Nigeria participated
in the study. They are 100 males and 100 females. Data was collected via
responses elicited from respondent using the questionnaire method. Result of
the independent t-test analysis showed that pretrial publicity do not
significantly influence judges decision making and public perception of a
defendant. [t (198) =1.14, P>.05]. Also, results from data analysis showed
that males and females exposed to pretrial publicity on criminal case do not
differ in their perception of defendant’s culpability. [t(198)=1.05;P>.05].
Also result showed that old judges do not differ significantly in their
judgment than their younger counterpart in decision making and perception of
defendant’s culpability. [t(198) =0.96; P>.05]
The implication of the findings of the study was
discussed in the light of available literature.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE
1.1           
Background to the study
1.2           
Statement of the problem
1.3           
Purpose of study
1.4           
Relevance of study
CHAPTER TWO
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1           
Social impact of theory
2.2           
Reinforcement theory
2.3           
Theory of cognitive dissonance
2.4           
Literature Review
2.5           
Statement of Hypothesis
CHAPTER
THREE
3.0           
Methodology
3.1           
Setting
3.2           
Research participants
3.3           
Data Collection Procedure
3.4           
Measures
CHAPTER FOUR
DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULT
CHAPTER FIVE
Discussion
Conclusion
Recommendation
Reference
Questionnaire
Raw
data
Calculation



CHAPTER ONE
1.1           
Background
to the study

Every
legal system is designed to yield objective and unbiased decision based on a
set of designated rules and procedures. Research findings in forensic
psychology has shown that human beings do not always find themselves going to
realistic ways to the principle set by legal system (Henry, 1991). Mullin and
Dorothy (1996) indicated that the human participants i

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