TECHNIQUES OF HANDLING DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS AMONG STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

TECHNIQUES OF HANDLING DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS AMONG STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT
This study focused on the Techniques of handling
disciplinary problems among students in secondary schools in Ado local
government area of Ekiti State. Three research questions were raised for the
purpose of effectively carrying out of the study, questionnaires were
structures to elicit information from respondents. One hundred teachers were
randomly selected from five different schools in the focus area and frequency
table, simple percentage techniques were used to analyse the data collected. It
was discovered that indiscipline of students is as a result of parental
influence, teacher’ attitude, government activities and school administrators’
influence. It was thus further recommended by the researcher that  to curb indiscipline among students’ both the
home and school environment should be made exciting and conducive for learning
to the students, and other educational requirement such as library, laboratory,
workshop should be provided and equipped by parents, teachers, government and
all stakeholders in education. Also, students’ should be taught on how to have
good behaviour and respect for the parents, teachers and all stakeholders that
will be acceptable in the society.
 

                                                                                                                      Page
Title
Page…………………………………………………                     
Approval
Page……………………………………………                       
Certification………………………………………………                       
Dedication…………………………………………………                       
Acknowledgements………………………..………………                     
Table of
contents…………………………………………..                     
Abstract……………………………………………………                       
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
Background of
the study…………………………………                       
Statement of the
Problem……….……………………….                       
Purpose of the
Study…………………………………….                       
Significance of
the Study………………………………..                       
Research
Questions …………………………………….                         
Scope and Limitation
of the Study………………………                      
Definition of
the Term …………………………………..            
CHAPTER TWO: Review of Literature
Conceptual
Approach of School Discipline ……………                          
Types
of Disciplinary Problems in Secondary School……                      
Causes of Disciplinary Problems…………………………..                      
Theoretical Framework: Management of Disciplinary
Problems…..      
CHAPTER THREE: Methodology
Research
Design…………………………………………………           
Population
of the Study …………………………………………..             
Sample
and Sampling Technique .………………………………            
Instrument
for Data Collection.…………….…………………..             
Validity
of the Instrument…….…………………………………            
Reliability
of Instrument ………………………………………             
Administration
of the Instrument ……………………………..              
Data
Analysis ………………….……………………………….              
CHAPTER FOUR: Results and Discussion
Results
and Discussion ……………………………………….               
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and
Recommendations
Summary
……………………………………………………..                 
Conclusion
….………..…………………………..…………..                 
Recommendations
……………………………………………                
Suggestions for further researches…………………………..                 
REFERENCES
………………………………….………….                   
APPENDIX………………………………………………….                  

  
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
            In Nigeria today, there is a general
concern over the problem of indiscipline among students in particular because
it constitutes a danger in our society. We read in the dailies about students
of secondary schools behaving in ways that do not conform with norms of the
society.
            Discipline in modern term is not
restricted to total disobedience to school rules and regulations, in addition
it connotes positive participation in school activities especially teaching and
learning, in all of these, self-control is the key ingredient which all
agencies of education (the home, the school, the church or mosque, the
education authority and the community) must assist the child to cultivate. In
this regards, discipline is an integral part of education.
            A number of reason have been
advanced as possible causes of indiscipline behaviour among students, such
reason include, school management that is lack of facilities and equipment in
schools, lack of motivated qualified staff, lack of encouragement to teachers,
school administration, failure on the part of the principal to promote cordial
working relationship with the staff and students.
            Insubordinates of staff to the
principal lack of sincerity and devotion to duty and moral laxity of teachers
and students, poor attitude to learning, poor home training, unrealistic
expectation and in school with a view to identify the most potent ones among
them.
            Bloom and Slesnick, (1969) for
instance, emphasized that the molding of the child is accomplished through
person-to-person interaction and the family is the major agency through which
this socialization takes place that is there is a relationship between
structure and juvenile delinquency.
Oloruntimehin,
(1974) and Abiodun, (1986) found that children from broken home as well as
children who have access to phonographic material engage in delinquent acts,
such as sexual activities and stealing.
            According to Sheviakor and Red,
(1986) as cited by Oyesola, (2000). Factor attributed to misconduct in schools
are frustration, inhibition, broken homes, ill-health, personal Maladjustment,
dissatisfaction in school work, emotional unrest in relationship to others,
disturbance in the classroom climate, lack of harmony between  classroom, control and the need of a student
for  emancipation, emotional strains that
accompany sudden changes from one activity to another and composition of the
classroom group.
            Ipeye, (1989), also explain the
concept of discipline as the one which encompass theoretical and modes of
behavior, reality which shows clearly the dividing line between acceptable and
unacceptable behaviors and as a practice which relate to normative modes of
doing things within a given time.
            Adesina, (1980), viewed indiscipline
as the one which includes disrespect of school authorities, habit of
individual, collective misbehaviors of the students and disregards for school
rule and regulations.   Behavior
modification is base on correction and control of misbehavior through direct
instruction, reinforcement techniques, punishment-orientation techniques, and
other modification approaches.
            Mother and Goldstein (2001)
explained that behavior modification assume that observable and measurable
behaviors are good target for change. All behaviors follow a set of consistence
rule. Methods can be developed for defining observing and measuring behaviors,
as well as designing effective interventions. Behavior   can be changed maintained or shaped by the
consequences of that behavior.
            In addition these, the researcher
intend to look into the opinions of parents and their involvement in the
discipline of their children. I will also seek the co-operation of the teachers
in employing modern ways of discipline students such as personal interaction
with student.
            Finally, the school counsellors
should be fully involve in the discipline of students
Statement of the Problem
            To investigate the techniques in
handling indiscipline among students in secondary school in Ado local
government Area of Ekiti State. To recommend suggestive solution that could be used
in our secondary schools by educators as far as discipline is concerned.
            To employ avenue by which the
various government in the federation can the adequate care o9f the indiscipline
among students in our schools. The problems that the researcher intends to find
out are as follows: maladjusted behavior of the students causes of indiscipline
among the students, techniques of the students behavior impact of the
behavioral modification.
            This study will finally give
possible solutions on how the problems will be solved.
Purpose of Study
      The researcher is concerned with the
alarming rate of indiscipline problems among students in secondary school in
Ado local government Area of Ekiti State. The purpose of this study then is to
identify the major disciplinary problems common to students and suggest
effective techniques of handling such problems.
Furthermore,
is to identify strategies that could be used in handling controlling students
acts of indiscipline in our secondary schools, it is also aimed at finding out
some roles of the P.T.A teachers and managerial functions of the head principle
in the effective management of students in disciplinary problems among student
in secondary school in Ado metropolitan.
Significance of the Study
      This research is aimed at identifying
disciplinary problems and techniques for handling them among secondary school
students in Ado Ekiti, Area in Ekiti state
      This study is in response to observations
made by teachers and members of the community or public including new media and
their concern for finding lasting solutions or best means of impacting desire
behavior in students.
     The act of students’ indiscipline, as a
result of social problems has been noticed by everybody in the entire society
including the teachers and parents alike have been administering some form of
corporal punishment to curb this social maladjustment but with all efforts
being fruitless.
In
the same vein federal government make their contribution in order to combat
techniques of handling disciplinary in the society our  schools is also significant because it will
be handy to school administrators on how to counsel and manage crisis in school
generally and Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state in particular.
Research Questions
1.      What
are the maladjusted behaviors in selected secondary schools in Ado Ekiti, Area
of Ekiti state?
2.      What
are the cause of indiscipline among secondary school students in Ado Ekiti,
Area of Ekiti state?
3.      What
are the behavior modification techniques use by counselor to correct secondary
school students indiscipline behavior in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state?
Scope and the Limitation of the
Study
       The
research ought to cover all secondary school in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state
as a whole, but due to time factor and financial constraints of the researcher,
the researcher s limited to five secondary schools in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti
state
      Also, the limited of this study is to
investigate the indiscipline and the techniques used to manage such indecent
behavior, techniques used to disciplinary problems among student in secondary
schools in Ado Ekiti, Area of Ekiti state.
Definition of Terms
1.      Maladjustment:
this refers to the inability to adjust to the demands of interpersonal
relationships
2.      Insubordination:
This is the act of willingfuly disobeying ones superior, refusing to perform an
action that is unethical or illegal
3.      Emancipation:
Is any of various efforts to procuring economic and social right, political
right or equality.
4.      Delinquent:
May refers to a person who commits a felony, nor a young person who regularly
does illegal things.
5.      Disciplinary:
Procedure are asset way for an employer to deal with disciplinary issues, they
should measured a disciplinary, hearing where you are given a chance to explain
your side of the story. It is also a systematic procedure formular, or routine
by which a task is accomplished.
6.      Modification:
this refers to a change in behavior, something, such as a systematic or style
in an other words modification is a noun that means the act of making something
different e.g. a change or alteration usually to make something work better.
7.      Techniques:
is a procedure to complete a task, it is also a systematic method to obtain
information of a scientific nature.
8.      Constitutes:
is to make up a whole from smaller part, e.g. what constitutes a family? Means
what constitutes or makes up a family is parents, kinds, pets, and other family
members.  

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