ROLE OF THE HOME AND SCHOOL ON SEX EDUCATION IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL

ROLE OF THE HOME AND SCHOOL ON SEX EDUCATION IN THE PRIMARY SCHOOL
ABSTRACT
          The
research dealt with the role of the home and the school in Ise/Orun local
government area.  Therefore it was
designed as much so that teachers and parents would respond to the question on
the research work adequately.  The
population comprised both literacy and illiterate parents who have different
view whether to introduce sex education in to the primary school curriculum or
not.  The sample of one hundred and five
(105) subjects were used for this study from the population, in both selected
primary schools and the parents in the community the data collected were based
on the responses to the questionnaire distributed among the target group
comprising one hundred and five (105) subjects from different walks of
life.  The people’s opinion and
perceptions on sex education in the home an in the school were clearly shown.  Data collected were subjected to percentage,
and appropriate recommendations were made based on the findings of the research
work.

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TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction
Background to the study
The significance of the study
Statement of the problems
Research Questions
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO
Literature Review
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology
Survey techniques
CHAPTER FOUR
Data Analysis
Discussion of finding
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendation
REFERENCES
APPENDIX



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
          Efforts
continue to be male to learn more about sex and moral altitude towards sexual
life is very important for a healthy living.
          Sex
education as the instruction and counseling giving to children on subject
related to human reproduction with a view to solving their sex related problems
and guiding them to uphold high moral standard which may lead to peaceful
married life at adulthood Giderone, Mary’s (1980) when we talk of sex education
we do not mean education or training or instruction or counseling given on how
to have sexual relations with members of opposite sex.
          Through
sex education in the family, adult members especially the parents are expected
to enlighten their children on sex related issues such as physical changes in
the body, menstruation and masturbation, the control of sexual urges, sex and
its consequence, such as prostitution, contraceptive, premarital pregnancy and
abortion.
          Many
parents tends to frown at the idea of giving sex education to children as some
believe that doom so expose a child to some information he ought not to know
about until when he became an adult. 
Deighton C. (1971).
          Some
other parents also believe that teaching sex education to children make them
anxious, curious, and interested in practicing what ever they have been told
during sex education briefings.
These view may be completely wrong
because through sex education many vital pieces of information are passed out
and these are particularly beneficial to children at adolescent stage of
development.  Durojaye M.O.A (1977) who
if not properly informed at home may end up getting wrong information about sex
related issued from the members of the peer group.
Parents are regarded as the principal
agents of sex education and they owe it is a duty to give correct sex – related
information to their children.
The school is the best place where
instructions and counseling given to children on subjects related to human
reproduction could be effective. 
Ekwealor C.C (et al 1976).
The social changes taking place
particularly in standard of family life, sex conducts, altitude towards
marriage are affecting almost all societies.
Therefore the home and the school
have the responsibility to educate young people about sex so that they will
base their future lives on sound moral and altical principles.
The Significance of the study
The significance of the study is to
investigate the influence of the home and the school on sexual conduct for the
guidance of the young ones.  The
occurrence of unwanted pregnancy, abortion and venereal diseases in society are
spreading at an alarming rate and as a result, the need for sex education both
in school and the home cannot be over emphasized.  This study aims at the following objectives.
1)               
Giving
the understanding and conditions that will enable each individual to utilize
his/her sexuality effectively.
2)               
Eliminating
fears and anxieties related to individual sexual development and adjustment.
3)               
Providing
for the individuals on adequate knowledge of his own physical, mental and
emotional maturation processes as related to sex for all people.
4)               
Giving
comprehensive information about the sexual relation and its consequence such as
unwanted pregnancy.
5)               
Guiding
the young ones to uphold high moral standard, which may lead to peaceful
married life at adulthood.
Statement of the Problem
Various efforts have been made to
look at the sex life of the pupils both at school and home.  Some believed that it would corrupt the
pupils even before they grow to become youths while others believe that, it is
necessary for the moral development of the child.
Some teachers in the primary school
avoid teaching this topic for some reasons, infact there is serious problem in the
selection of topics related to sex education in the primary schools
curriculum.  Some pupils out of their
religious inclination usually leave their classes when such topic is
introduced, but its not supposed to be so.
The same thing is application at
homes where parents are usually confused when they see their children read
about topics relating to sex.  To this is
as if such related topics should not be taught in the primary school and also
in the home.
Research Questions
1)               
Can
sex education be provided when the child is an adult or not?
2)               
Can
parent provided sex education for children?
3)               
Can
sex education involve the teaching of all that an individual needs to know in
terms of effective and efficient life?
4)               
Could
there be any merit or demerits in introduction of sex education at the primary
school level of education?
5)               
Can
sex education promote goods mental health to the pupils?
6)               
Can
discussion of sex topics continue to be discussed secretly or openly in the
school and home?
Scope of the study
Geographically, Ise – Ekiti is
situated in the South – East part of Ekiti in Ekiti
State of Nigeria.  It shares boundaries with Emure – Ekiti on
the North, about five kilometers on the south about twenty kilometers from
Ikere – Ekiti, on the East it is bounded by Uso in Ondo State
a distance of about eighteen kilometers. 
This study is based mainly on the responses given by pupils in selected
primary school in Ise/Orun local Government area of Ekiti State.  The items of the instrument used to collect
information’s cover only two broad areas of sex education, they are school
factors and homes factors.
Limitation of the study
          This
study covers only primary school in Ise/Orun local government in Ekiti State.  The reasons are that the researcher could not
extend the work to a large scale as a result of financial problems and as well
as time factors in carrying out the research.
Definition of Terms
1)               
ABORTION: It is termination of human
gestation before viability.
2)               
CONTRACEPTIVES: These are devices like pills
injections cell etc. Employed to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy.
3)               
PREGNANCY: This is a situation where a female
sex having in the body offspring in a stage of development before birth.
4)               
MASTURBATION: Manipulation of sex orphans to
achieve organism.
5)               
VENERAL DISEASES: These are diseases contacted during
the act of sexual intercourse.
6)               
PROSTITUTION: This is a situation where a female
sex engages in promiscuous sexual intercourse for payment, to put to an
unworthy use.
7)               
SEX: Either of the two main groups (male and females)
into which living things are placed according to their reproductive functions.
B       SEX:
Sexual feelings or impulses mutual attraction between members of the two sexes.
8)               
MENSTRUATION: To experience the discharge of
blood from the womb that normally occurs in female between puberty and middle
age at appropriately monthly intervals.



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