**RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS AND**

SCIENCE SUBJECTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLSSCIENCE SUBJECTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

**ABSTRACT**

This study shows the relationship

between student’s academic performance in Mathematics and the science subjects

in senior secondary school in Ekiti. It also determined the extent at which

Mathematics relates with academic performance of other science in senior

secondary school.

between student’s academic performance in Mathematics and the science subjects

in senior secondary school in Ekiti. It also determined the extent at which

Mathematics relates with academic performance of other science in senior

secondary school.

The survey was adopted for the study,

the population consist of all senior secondary schools in Ekiti States, the

samples used for this research were one hundred students in four secondary

schools. The research instrument used is the result (WAEC 2014). To establish

the reliability of the instrument, the correlation method was adopted. The data

collected from the respondents analysed using frequency counts, Mean, Variance,

Standard Deviation. Pearson product moment correlation, and testing the

hypothesis level of significant at 0.05.

the population consist of all senior secondary schools in Ekiti States, the

samples used for this research were one hundred students in four secondary

schools. The research instrument used is the result (WAEC 2014). To establish

the reliability of the instrument, the correlation method was adopted. The data

collected from the respondents analysed using frequency counts, Mean, Variance,

Standard Deviation. Pearson product moment correlation, and testing the

hypothesis level of significant at 0.05.

The findings revealed Mathematics as a

school subjects, nature and components of Mathematics, the science subjects in

secondary school curricular to show the relationship between Mathematics and

science subjects. According to WAEC 2014 result revealed that students

performance in Mathematics correlate with their performance in science.

school subjects, nature and components of Mathematics, the science subjects in

secondary school curricular to show the relationship between Mathematics and

science subjects. According to WAEC 2014 result revealed that students

performance in Mathematics correlate with their performance in science.

Based on the findings, it is

recommended that every secondary school should have mathematics laboratory

headed by a competent, teacher and qualified teachers that will motivate the

student to do well in the study of Mathematics and science subjects. Also

parents and teachers should encourage their students or wards to face their

studies so as to become good leaders. School authority school encourage the

teachers to use teaching aids or instructional appropriately.

recommended that every secondary school should have mathematics laboratory

headed by a competent, teacher and qualified teachers that will motivate the

student to do well in the study of Mathematics and science subjects. Also

parents and teachers should encourage their students or wards to face their

studies so as to become good leaders. School authority school encourage the

teachers to use teaching aids or instructional appropriately.

**CHAPTER**

ONE

ONE

**INTRODUCTION**

**Background**

to the Study

to the Study

The world of today is

being described as that science and technology. Therefore, literary in science

is very essential for both male and female. It is on this note that it was

stated by the Federal Government in “the National Policy on Education” (2004)

that an aim of education should “indicate in the child the spirit of enquiry

and creativity through the exploration of nature and the local environment”. It

further states that secondary school education should equip students to live

effectively in our modern age of science and technology.

being described as that science and technology. Therefore, literary in science

is very essential for both male and female. It is on this note that it was

stated by the Federal Government in “the National Policy on Education” (2004)

that an aim of education should “indicate in the child the spirit of enquiry

and creativity through the exploration of nature and the local environment”. It

further states that secondary school education should equip students to live

effectively in our modern age of science and technology.

When students are

seeking for admission into secondary schools, both students and their parents

normally neglect schools without science in its curriculum for those with

science in their curriculum. So also they seek for admission into schools with

adequate science teachers. The belief is that students of today who are also

leaders of tomorrow should have background and literary of modern science.

Thus, students must do science, they should not be told of science.

seeking for admission into secondary schools, both students and their parents

normally neglect schools without science in its curriculum for those with

science in their curriculum. So also they seek for admission into schools with

adequate science teachers. The belief is that students of today who are also

leaders of tomorrow should have background and literary of modern science.

Thus, students must do science, they should not be told of science.

It is a known fact that

one cannot understand concept and phenomenon in science subjects without a set

of high powered mathematics tools (Adeoye, 1991). This was carried out and

clarified further by Adeoye when he pointed out that science is an only channel

on which the development and progress of both the individual and the nation

depends. It is like the legs by means of which we get about the materials

environment of life. This definition sees science as both concept and product.

one cannot understand concept and phenomenon in science subjects without a set

of high powered mathematics tools (Adeoye, 1991). This was carried out and

clarified further by Adeoye when he pointed out that science is an only channel

on which the development and progress of both the individual and the nation

depends. It is like the legs by means of which we get about the materials

environment of life. This definition sees science as both concept and product.

The basic science

subjects include Physics, Chemistry and biology. These are regarded as hard

science. Other science subjects otherwise known as soft science include

Agricultural science, Health Science, etc. All subjects have been observed that

nearly more than half of the subjects that sit for the Senior Secondary

Certificate Examination every year performed woefully in them and most of the

students that fail these subjects also fail mathematics. In a paper presented

at 25th Annual Conference of Mathematics Association of Nigeria (MAN), the

Aqwan (2001) noted that research in recent years has stated the failure rate in

mathematics in the West African School Certificate Examination in Nigeria was

80%. He listed the following as problems responsible for the poor teaching of

mathematics.

subjects include Physics, Chemistry and biology. These are regarded as hard

science. Other science subjects otherwise known as soft science include

Agricultural science, Health Science, etc. All subjects have been observed that

nearly more than half of the subjects that sit for the Senior Secondary

Certificate Examination every year performed woefully in them and most of the

students that fail these subjects also fail mathematics. In a paper presented

at 25th Annual Conference of Mathematics Association of Nigeria (MAN), the

Aqwan (2001) noted that research in recent years has stated the failure rate in

mathematics in the West African School Certificate Examination in Nigeria was

80%. He listed the following as problems responsible for the poor teaching of

mathematics.

Inadequacy of the

number of well-qualified and competent mathematics teachers in schools for

effective teaching of mathematics, inadequacy of the provision of instructional

materials for effective teaching of mathematics, teachers disposition and their

resultant effect in the teaching of mathematics, lack of opportunities for

professional growth and the acquisition of new skills and knowledge for

effective teaching of mathematics, lack of opportunities for professional

growth and the acquisition of new skills and knowledge for effective teaching

of mathematics. Many investigations have shown that students in secondary

school are not much interested in science oriented subject especially

mathematics and there are needs for carrying out investigations on the

relationship between students’ performance in mathematics and the science

subjects in senior secondary examination.

number of well-qualified and competent mathematics teachers in schools for

effective teaching of mathematics, inadequacy of the provision of instructional

materials for effective teaching of mathematics, teachers disposition and their

resultant effect in the teaching of mathematics, lack of opportunities for

professional growth and the acquisition of new skills and knowledge for

effective teaching of mathematics, lack of opportunities for professional

growth and the acquisition of new skills and knowledge for effective teaching

of mathematics. Many investigations have shown that students in secondary

school are not much interested in science oriented subject especially

mathematics and there are needs for carrying out investigations on the

relationship between students’ performance in mathematics and the science

subjects in senior secondary examination.

There are various

reasons for the poor performance in the subjects but the most frequently

mentioned factor is the negative attitudes of students towards the subject.

Hence, these have called for improvement in the present interest and standard

of students in mathematics and science subject which could be done by looking

into the problems facing the students. To make this possible, it is of a

necessity to inquire about the performance of students in these subjects in Senior

Secondary Certificate Examination.

reasons for the poor performance in the subjects but the most frequently

mentioned factor is the negative attitudes of students towards the subject.

Hence, these have called for improvement in the present interest and standard

of students in mathematics and science subject which could be done by looking

into the problems facing the students. To make this possible, it is of a

necessity to inquire about the performance of students in these subjects in Senior

Secondary Certificate Examination.

**Statement**

of the Problem

of the Problem

**Most of the**

secondary school students have been having poor results in their final

examination particularly in mathematics and the science subjects (Aremo, 1997).

This situation has been existing since the past three decades (1985) and the

situation has not improved rather it is deteriorating. So, the basic problems

of the study is to measure the relationship between students’ performance in

mathematics and science subjects in SSCE (whether the relationship is positive

or negative) and also to show how strong or weak the relationship in senior

secondary schools in Ijero Local Government.

Also,

some students are observed to do well in some science courses while they found

wanting in others required for a good subject combination for further studies

in their careers. All these observed anomalies are caused by certain factors

which this study intend to reveal or solve at the end of this work.

some students are observed to do well in some science courses while they found

wanting in others required for a good subject combination for further studies

in their careers. All these observed anomalies are caused by certain factors

which this study intend to reveal or solve at the end of this work.

**Purpose**

of the Study

of the Study

The purpose of this

project is to identify the SSCE science subject performance in mathematics and

the science subjects in the senior secondary schools in Ijero Local Government.

Specifically the study will find out

project is to identify the SSCE science subject performance in mathematics and

the science subjects in the senior secondary schools in Ijero Local Government.

Specifically the study will find out

·

If there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance in mathematics and science subjects in senior

secondary school certificate examination

If there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance in mathematics and science subjects in senior

secondary school certificate examination

·

if there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance in mathematics and physics

if there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance in mathematics and physics

·

if there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance un mathematics and chemistry

if there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance un mathematics and chemistry

·

if there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance in mathematics and biology.

if there is any significant relationship

between the students’ performance in mathematics and biology.

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