PROBLEMS MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

PROBLEMS
MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES IN
SECONDARY SCHOOL
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Title page
Approval pages
Certification
Acknowledgement
Table of contents
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Research Questions
Research Hypothesis
Delimitation of the study
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Research Design
Area of the Study
Population of the study
Sample and sampling Techniques
Research Instruments
Method of Data Collection
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
OF DATA
Result
Discussion  
CHAPTER FIVE:  SUMMARY, CONCLUSION
AND RECOMMENDATIONS
 Discussion of Results
Conclusion
Recommendations
Limitation of the studies
Summary
REFERENCES
APPENDICES
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ABSTRACT
This study examines the problems facing
the teaching and learning of Business studies in some secondary schools in Ondo
West Local Government Area of Ondo State.
          It focuses also on why some students
have no interest in Business subjects. Information were obtained from five [5]
schools in Ondo West Local Government Area through questionnaire and Oral
interview.
          The analysis of data was done, using
random sampling. The results indicated that professionally trained teachers of
Business studies are in short supply in the schools
          Teaching aids which could have been
used to arouse students interests in the subject are not used.
          Text books written by specialists are
not available in sufficient quantity due to students inability to purchase them
at the recent high price.
          Moreover, the students conceptions of
the subjects as difficult also creates a problem.



CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
          Business
studies are integrals part of general education that is concerned with
education for business and education about business.
          Business
studies can be traced from the time when commercial secondary modern school
were established in some part of the country and commercial subject such as
typewriting , shorthand, commerce, principle of account and the use of English
were being offered at the moment in the secondary schools in the country.
          Some
years back government policy on education was indebted to train more business
personnel, so that business subject can be introduced the secondary school
curriculum, with the aim of providing capable and competent hands to handle the
finance and administration of the country. The national policy on education
(2004) revised education stipulated that Business studies should be taught in
tertiary institution such as College of Education, College of Technology,
Polytechnics and in Universities.
          Education
is an important aspect of economic development. When citizens of a country are
educated that is, a key to social economic and political stability (Ojiambo,
2009). The Nigeria government has considerably invested in education which is
evidenced by the free primary education and the free day secondary education
(Ojiambo, 2009). The main purpose of education is to transmit wisdom and
knowledge from one generation to another, this prepares young people to be
members  of the society, maintain it and
develop it.
          Education
also has positive influence on population, health nutrition and also increases
value and efficiency for labour (Kising U, 2012). The unemployment problems
facing the country can best be addressed through equipping the young people
with skills that can lead to self-employment, the curriculum therefore should
equip the learners with skills and more so entrepreneurial skills and this
therefore indicates the importance of business education in the school
curriculum.
          The
Business studies which was earlier referred to as Business education was
introduced into public high schools in the U.SA. by tax payers demand during
last part of nineteeth century. Parents insisted that public schools should
provide Business education, otherwise they would take their children to private
business colleges. Many district school introduced Business education courses,
shorthand, typewriting and book keeping. Since then Business education has been
undergoing scrutiny and transformation (Popham et al, 2005). In Nigeria
Business studies in junior secondary school curriculum came about as a means of
laying the foundation for national technological and economic advancement as
articulated in the National Policy on Education (Federal Ministry of Education,
2011). The designers of the Business studies curriculum apparently considered
that, in line with the current Nigerian Vocational curriculum philosophy
(National Board for Technical Education, 1984), the obvious way to develop a
curriculum that would give a broad introduction to the field of Business was to
do away with the traditionally compartmentalized single subjects. Consequently,
five such subjects (book-keeping, commerce, office practice, shorthand and
typewriting) were brought together as units of a new subejct to be called
Business studies. (Ekpenyoung 2006). The curriculum aimed at giving students
knowledge and skills that should enable them to adapt to changes in office
technology and develop a broad understanding of Business activities, the
structure and functions of Business institutions and their inter-relationships.
          In
Nigeria a number of education commissions and education committees have been
put in place to review the education system in Nigeria. the commissions have
seen the Business studies evolve to its current status in the Nigerian
education system. Fraser Report (2009) on Education recommended introduction of
industrial education in schools as a means of providing skills to native
labourers and artisans in large numbers for various purposes. During the
colonial period, the colonial government opened a number of industrial schools
in areas not effectively served by missionaries, some of the courses offered
included Carpentry, agriculture, typing and blacksmithing (Kising 4, 2012),
typing and office practice is a constituent of Business studies currently.
          Onywoki
(2011), the introduction of secondary Business education programme was based on
the results of the manpower survey and its aim was to produce highly skilled
manpower required for the growing commercial enterpises in the country. Specifically,
the project was aimed at introducing Business education subjects in selected
general secondary schools in nigeria, for example accounting, shorthand and
typing with office practice and commerce. Because of the success of the
project, there were about 120 secondary schools teaching Business education in
Nigeria by 2000s (Oluoch, 2012).
          According
to Shiundu and Omulando (2012) integration of subjects emphasizes the
relationship between various curriculum areas in an attempt to interrelate
content or learning experiences in order to enable students perceived a unity
of knowledge. Anuda (2000) asserts that by integrating the aspects of these
disciplines, overlaps and cost have greatly been reduced. Business studies aims
to provide the leaner with opportunities to acquire basic Business knowledge,
skills and positive attitude for development of self and nation, being a dynamic
subject it takes into account  the need
to address contemporary issues, trends in Business and current economic issues
in society.
          Onywoki
(2011), Accounting, Commerce, Economics, Entrepreneurship and Office Practice
are distinct subjects of study and have intrinsic values for the learners and
teachers. Therefore, the distinctiveness of each discipline of study has to be
preserved.
Statement
of the problem
          However,
the researcher through discussion with some of the Business studies teachers in
JSS and through interaction with some of the students offering Business studies
at JSS realized that Business studies 
has not recorded a remarkable success. Many of the students that offered
the subject in examination have failed woefully. Some of them that secured
clerical job have not been able to adjust to the practical working of Business
and finally some of those that gained admission for further studies have not
been able to cope due to their poor foundation in Business studies.
          In
every teaching and learning process, there is bound to be some factor which may
not allow for smooth running of the process such as inadequate time table,
inadequate instructional materials, these factors will definitely affect the
achievement or attainment of the set objective which may not thereafter have
negative effect on the skills  to be
imparted on the leaners. This situation will no doubt, affect the management
and administration of today’s business.
          Thus,
this study is to examine those problems which can face learning and teaching of
business studies and seek for ways of solving such problem.
Purpose
of the study
          The
study aims at identify the problems of teaching and learning of Business
studies in secondary school (with reference to Ondo West Local Government
Area).
          Identification
of problems will give a better insight into rectify the situation and it will
also help the government to identify the problem and  find possible solution to them.
          Finally,
it is hoped that the future researchers on work similar to this nature can
build on the foundation laid by this work.
Significance
of the study
          The
present study was designed to identify the problem confronting the teaching and
learning process of Business studies in secondary schools in Ondo West Local
Government.
          This
study is important because it will point out the attitude of the learners and
teachers as well towards the subject.
          Recommendation
given here will help in improving the methods of teaching and learning of
Business studies in Schools.
          The
study will help the curriculum planners confronting the teaching and learning
of the subject as to review  some of its
contents.
Scope
of the study
          This
research work is limited in theme to the problems of teaching and learning of
Business studies in the secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of
Ondo State. gender and religion formal the major variables of the study
Research Questions
          This
study attempts to answer the following questions:
i.                  
Does the students have interest in the
subject?
ii.                
Are there any specific textbook that the
student can be used?
iii.             
Are there any specific method that can
be used to impact the knowledge to the mind of the students?
iv.             
Are there any positive way that the
government put towards the subject.
CHAPTER
II
REVIEW
OF LITERATURE
          In
this section, literature related to the subject matter were reviewed. For
effective coverage, the literature reviewed are grouped and discussed under the
following sub-headings:
·       
Concept of Learning
·       
Concept of Teaching Method
·       
Inadequate teaching methods
·       
Shortage of qualified Business studies
teachers
·       
Lack of maintenance of equipment
·       
Inadequate textbooks, workbooks and
other Business teaching materials
·       
Inadequate funding of Business studies
·       
Teacher’s attitude towards the teaching
of Business studies
·       
Students’ attitude towards the teaching
of Business studies
·       
Attitude of government towards the
teaching of Business studies
·       
Societal attitudinal values concerning
the teaching of Business studies
·       
Summary of literature Review
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