PARENTS PERCEPTION OF SEX EDUCATION

PARENTS PERCEPTION OF SEX EDUCATION


ABSTRACT
          This essay is principally centered on
parents perception of sex education in Akoko Local Government Area of Ondo
State. The study was carried out in six major communities of the local
government namely, Oka, Ikare, Akungba.
          The research revealed that sex
education is very necessary in this modern age in train personal in sex
education and family counseling so that the individual in the society would be
useful to himself and the society to which he belongs. It also revealed that
counseling services should be provided in our schools and the appropriate
contents and strategies for delivery the services should be selected.
          Finally, recommendations were made the
further studies.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title                                                                               Page
No
Title page                                                                              
Certification                                                                                     
Dedication                                                                              
Acknowledgement                                                                  
Abstract                                                                                
Table of content
Abstract                                                       
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of
the Study                                                                 
Statement of the
Problem                                                                 
Purpose of the Study                                                              
Limitation of
the Study                                                          
Significance of
the Study                                                                
Research
Question                                                                           
Hypothesis                                                                           
Assumption of
the Study                                                               
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW LITERATURE REVIEW
The Concept of
Sex Education                            
                            
Age Grade at
which Sex Education is Desirable                    
Agencies of Sex
Education                                                     
The Incorporation of Sex Education in
The School                                                      Curriculum and its Contents                                                  
What Parents
Rejects and Accept as Regard to Sex Education        
Summary of
Review                                                               
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Research Design                                                                     
Population of
the Study                                                         
Administration
of the Instrument                                           
The Sampling
Procedure                                                                  
The Research Instructions
                                                     
Validation of
the Instructions                                                 
CHAPTER
FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND                                             
DISCUSSION OF FINDEING
Data Analysis                                                                       
Discussion of
the Findings                                                     
CHAPTER
FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary                                                                      
Conclusion                                                                    
Recommendations                                                               
Definition of
Terms                                                     
REFERENCES
APPENDIX
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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
            The
issue of sex education particularly in school and society in general has not
been given adequate attention in the previous years and this has generated and
created and still causing a lot of educational, vocational and personal
societal problems among the youths in the school setting and even the nation at
large.
            There are many advocates in support
of sex education and its being taught in school.
            This research work is not given
concern to the people in educational sector alone, but also embrace people from
other profession such as the medical practitioner social welfare worker,
religious organization, parents, and the mass media.
            These agencies have divergence views
as to what sex education is and how it can be introduced, its effect, agencies
that should be involved or responsible for its magnification and at the same
time look and study what the parent accept or reject in sex education.
            This research work is therefore
carried out to know the parent views of sex education, the age grade at which
it is desirable for students, the right agencies that should be held
responsible for its teaching weather it should be incorporated alone with the
school curriculum and what should be the contents of sex Education in the
school curriculum.
            The areas where the parent agree or
disagree with sex Education. The procedure of organizing sex Education
programme in school. The role of Government should also be thoroughly looked
into as related to sex education.
Statement of the Problem
            From the background of the study, a
part from the simple fact that the student parents community and the government
will benefit from the introduction of sex education also brings out the
teaching of sex education in the school the teaching of sex education also
brings out the fact which placed emphasis one of the major problems going on in
the society and had long been looking in the society and had long bring in g it
to order.
            Sex education has been problems in
the school system in the area of how the students parent the society perceive
what it is and how it should perceive what it is and how it should be organized
in the formal school system.
            The problem also around what should
be the content of sex education in the school curriculum. The problem of personnel
who should handle sex education issues. The problem of age grade at which it
should be introduced to the student in 
either primary junior secondary senior secondary school and tertiary
institution.
            The problem of the environment under
which sex education should be taught the problem of what should be the role of
the school, the religious organization resources persons the home and other in
sex Education also the problem center around what the parent agree with reject
in sex Education.
            All these are the problems arising
in sex Education issue students have for long been looking forward for a
subject related to this issue. Some students blamed some of their sexual
promiscuity to lack of adequately information as to what sex Education is.
            This research study is therefore
being carried out to concentrated on these problems and find the ways of
getting the appropriate solution to them.
Purpose of the study
            The main purpose of this research
study on sex Education is to educate student as well as the parents, most
especially in Akoko Local Government Area of Ondo State on the concept of sex
Education is appropriate agencies to handle the programme, the personnel’s it
content in the school curriculum and to set out limitations to it teaching.
The Study is Set Out to Achieve the
Following Objectives
I.                   
To find out opinions of the parents
about what they perceive on sex Education.
II.                
To consider the age grade to which sex
Education should be taught.
III.              
To discuss the agencies that should be
responsible for the teaching of sex Education.
IV.             
To determine the effects of sex
Education in our school
V.               
To see how far the parents can encourage
the teaching of sex Education in the school the study also embraces the age
limit and the level of educational development at which sex education should be
introduced  and taught in school. E.g.
from primary four to six in primary
The
assumption of the study would also focus attention on what agencies to be held
responsible for the teaching of sex Education
The
study as well centers on the advantages of which could be derived, if sex
education teaching is given a place in our society and the school curriculum.
Limitation of the Study
This
study on sex education deals with the limit to which sex education could be
taught to our young stars, it stressed the age grade and level of educational
development by which it could be introduced. That is it should not be too early
or too late in order to prevent our children against the risk of early
involvement  in sexual intercourse. It
also expanciates on the sort of relationship which out gout to exist within our
youth so that they would not ruin their life to illicit acts.
The
study final grades the age limit at which young stars could be thinking of
marriage issue for peaceful and harmonious marital life.
Significance of the Study
This
research study is significance because
i.                   
It would supply the entire society with
the necessary information on how to handle sex Education
ii.                
It would assist in education those
parents who find it embarrassing to discuss sex education with their children
iii.              
It would help in solving several
societal problem arising from lack of sex education among which are doing
addition prostitution and unplanned marriage.
Research Questions
            This section of the study centers on
the question passed across to the people on the concept of sex education
i.                   
What should be the concept of sex
education?
ii.                
Should the concept of sex education be
incorporated into school curriculum?
iii.              
Is sex education necessary nowadays?
iv.              
Should the teaching of sex education be
limited to a particular age limit or stage of development?
v.                 
Should any agency be responsible for the
teaching of sex education?
vi.              
Are the factors influencing related to
the motivation which children received from the education?       
Hypotheses
            For the purpose of this research
study, the following hypothesis formulated and examined.
i.                   
There is no significant reason why sex
education should be taught nowadays?
ii.                
There is no significant reason why sex
education teaching should be make a necessary in the society nowadays?
iii.              
There is no significant reason why
certain agencies should be responsible for the teaching of sex education?
Assumption of the Study
            This research study concentrates on
what the people (parents/children) perceive about the concept of sex education.
The valve which the people attached to the teaching of sex education in our
society. It also aims at what effect positive or negative which the teaching
will have on the adolescent children
                                                           
CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
            This section reviews the related
literature on parents perception of implication of sex education
             The related literature will center on the
following
i.                   
The concepts of sex education
ii.                
Age grade at which sex education is
desirable
iii.              
Agencies that should be responsible for
the teaching of sex education in the formal school system
iv.              
Incorporation of sex education into the
school curriculum
v.                 
What should be the contents of sex
education in the school curriculum?
vi.              
The things the parents accept and reject
as regard to sex education
vii.            
How the parents can be effectively encouraged
to yield to the teaching of sex education in school.
The Concepts of Sex Education
            Evidences exist about the alarming
rate of sexual involvement decrease in age of first sexual experience and the
existence of different form of sexual immoral 
 acts such as prostitution, sexual
exploitation and rape among Nigeria youths
            In spite of these problems, sex
education has not been included in the framework mot only to provide
adolescents with valuable knowledge about sex, but also as a means of
protecting the risk which are associated with unplanned coital sex such as
teenage pregnancies, illegitimacy and other medical and psychological risk Owunanam
(1987). The concept of sex education has been particularly in Akoko Local
Government Area of  Ondo State. The
controversy centered around the meaning of sex education and the argument on
weather sex education should be introduced to young boys and girls.
            Why has there be alarming rate of
sex education in our society?
To
them, sex education is seen as the training in the mechanic of sex. The holders
of this views also point out that sex education training will lead
experimentation.
            Some schools of thought are neither
in support nor agreement with teaching of sex education.
            Count nary to this assumption , the
advocates of sex education as psychological social and ethical attitude
standard, valves and behavior.
            While Fakunle (1986) see sex
education as process of marking as  well
as developing a positive and wholesome attitude towards sex, a process the will
enable to individual to live a full life, enjoy his or life fully without
crises and of the society to which he or she belongs.
With
this views Fakunle, he believes that sex education will help the beneficiary to
develop positive attitudes rather than 
negative attitude toward sex and as we help time to avoid the life
crisis and makes a worthy and responsible member of the society, sex education
is not mere information on the act of love making. Sex education devolves on
all the nuisances of sex based behavior as a parameter of personality. Sex
education is the summative discourses of personality development and  socialization (Oyeniran 1989). Oyeniran
perceived that sex education should not be regarded as the act of love making
alone but that it centers on personality development as Well  as socialization. He sees sex education as
being related to the adjustment an individual within the frame work of the
society.
            In his view as well, sex education
is therefore concerned with the healthy development of personality through
informed understanding of  the functions
of the body such as education exposes the individual and advantages of sexual control
            Looking at these concepts of sex
education, we can see the need for sex education in our formal school system
setting.
            These is evidence of a high rate of
youth coital sex and pre-marital sexual involvement among Nigeria unto sexual
and still resulting in sexual problems such as
i.                   
Teenage pregnancies
ii.                 
Unplanned marriages
iii.               
Crude, abortions with its
resultant adverse  effects sexually
transmitted disease infertility, high rate of divorce.
iv.               
Drug addition
v.                 
Juvenile delinquencies and so
fort.     
The
research carried out by Owuamanam(1987) showed that inadequate sex education
information has had to an increasing rate of teenage sexual activities which
had been supported by numerous reports, although not scholarly documented of
unwanted pregnancies, illegal abortion and abandoning of unwanted babies.
            Ayrinde (1982) pointed out the
effects of in-adequate sex education.
i.                   
Risk
1
Sexual
intercourse, numeral diseases, health problem indulging sterility.
ii.                 
Risk
2
Sexual
intercourse, unwanted pregnancies, abortion infertility and life unhappiness.
iii.               
Risk
3
Sexual intercourse, unwanted pregnancies,
unhappiness risk of mental breakdown
iv.               
Risk
4
Sexual
intercourse unwanted pregnancies forced married unhappiness in marriage of risk
of divorce.
v.                 
Risk
5
Sexual intercourse, unwanted pregnancies, frequent
enjoyment, loss of direction of unhappiness.
            With the above information about sex
and its resultant there is a need to give adequate information about sex
education.
            Sex education in the formal school
system has now become a highly necessary in youths and adolescent Uslander and
Weiss (1975) have document a variety of issues including sexual intercourse,
pregnancy, birth, abortion, menstrual and masturbation which young people as
numerous questions about during formal and informal discussions.
            Studies have shown that adolescents
who know little about the risk of becoming pregnant were less, likely to seek
contraceptive protection when they involve in sexual intercourse.
            Kantner and Zelnic (1972) Sorenson
(1973). At present sex education in an organization among peers and in some
cases on encounter with what they read in magazine and shown sexual
involvement.
Age Grade at Which Sex Education is
Desirable
            It has been advocated by the people
of occupation in the society, the age grade at which sex education should be
taught to the students.
            Owuanam (1987) pointed out that the
pattern and the process which sex education could take in a formal school
system raise a numbers of important questions.
            For example, one might like to know
who should be taught in term of pupils age class and previous knowledge about
sex.
            Spainer (1978) suggested that
effective sex education should being as soon as the cloud enters school. Each
year, the could should be presented with materials which are appropriate to his
or her sex socialization at that time so that they can be comprehended.
            This suggestion of Spainer
pre-suppose that at any age, every cloud has some sex knowledge and is capable
of acquiring some new experience.
            Sex education should be integrated
into subjects like family living, health education, physical education, Home
economics.  
Agencies of Sex Education
            There have been controversies on the
agencies that should be responsible for the teaching of sex education.
            Ordinarily speaking, there is a
tendency to make people believe that the traditions agency for sex education in
the home. That parents should teach their children as much about sexual issues
as they train their children to adulthood on other issue.
            Over the years however, especial
research findings have shown that most parents are not willing, others are not
competent in act while a large number of them have no part play in the teaching
of sex education.
            Some parent either through ignorance
or non-challant attitude
            Bamidele (1986) pointed out the
attitude of the society especially parents who regard sex education as immoral
most especially mentioning or showing private parts in pictures or films. It is
highly forbidden to exhibit such to the youths.
The
youths should be given a guided experiment on sex education
            It should be seen obviously here
that the parent may not be seriously blamed in as much as that is the way the
level of their socialization about sex education and inadequate information
about sex  them to loose their head and
the first experimentation they tend to reach the slay and consequently abuse
sex.
            Mksweeney (1987) came out that “
even youths are too embarrassed to ask even their parents related to sex she
went further by saying that some people regard that parents issue related to
sex.
            It has come to the thought of many
scholars that information should be left for peers to execute or that even when
that parent are not willing to delegate such function to the peers, they
indirectly force them to give the peer by refusing to teach or be taught that
subject matter.
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