PERCEPTION
OF STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TO BIOLOGY IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RURAL AND
URBAN AREAS OF EKITI STATE.

ABSTRACT

          This study focus on the perception of student’s
attitude to Biology in selected senior secondary schools in rural and urban
areas of Ekiti-State relievant data were collected using questionnaire which
considered of two forms (teachers and students). The data were collected from
60 students and 30 teachers, randomly selected from senior secondary schools in
Ekiti-State. The data were analysed using chi-square and percentage. The result
shows that rural and urban life affect students attitude to biology. 64% of the
respondents agreed that the population of students in a class affect their
attitude to biology while 36% disagreed. Based on the findings recommendations were
made.



TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Title
page                                                                                         
Certification
                                                                                    
Dedication                                                                                        
Acknowledgments                                                                                     
Abstract                                                                                           
Table
of content                                                                               
CHAPTER ONE:
INTRODUCTION
Background
of the Study                                                                           
Purpose
of the Study                                                                       
Research
Question                                                                           
Significance
of the Study                                                                  
Delimitation
of the Study                                                                 
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF
RELATED LITERATURE
   
Meaning,
Scope and Nature of Biology                                           
Teacher’s
Qualification in Biology                                                  
Aims
and Objective so Teaching and Learning Biology                   
Summary
of Literature Review                                                       
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY     
Research
design                                                                     
Research
Population                                                              
Sample
and Sampling Procedures                                          
Research
Instrument                                                              
Validity
of the Instrument                                                       
Administration
of the Instrument                                           
Data
analysis                                                                        
CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS
OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS 
Research
Question                                                                   
Discussion
of Results                                                             
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY,
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
                                               
Summary                                                                                
Conclusion
                                                                            
Recommendation
                                                                   
Reference
                                                                              
Questionnaire
                                                                        
CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background
to the Study
          In Nigeria, education is regarded as
the light of every citizen in our democratic society. Education had been a
means, through which a person is developed morally, physically, intellectually,
especially and emotional. This fact has been established through the
definitions of some researchers in education. According to Faunas (2003),
education is the aggregate of all the processes by means of which a person
develops activities, attitudes, skills and other behaviours that are of
positive values in the society in which he lives. however, this implies that education
embraces the entire processes through which individuals are exposed to all that
are needed for the realization of the need and the aspirations of the
individual and the society at large. These processes however include training,
instruction, indoctrination and schooling. Education according to the view of
Osokoya (2000), is leading out of the inborn powers and the potentialities of
skills, aptitudes and competence, necessary for self realization, this also
establishes the fact that every child possesses the power to know is also
endowed with some qualities to be developed, so that he will be useful to
himself and the society.
          Therefore, education sees to all the
processes, which help the individuals to lead the fullest life he is capable of
living. However, all these views about education are revealed in both
traditional education is geared towards western education. The traditional
education towards the stability progress and unity of the society. individual
are exposed to the education that enabled them to display every desirable
behaviours and contribute meaningfully to the development of his neighbours and
the larger society. western education in its own case aims at integrating the
individual into a sound and effective citizen by allowing for equal education
opportunities for all citizen of the nation, at all levels of education. also,
it is geared towards self-realization, better human relationship, self and
national economic sufficiency effective citizenship, national consciousness,
national unity, social and political progress, scientific and technological
growth and national reconstruction.      
          in order to make all these goals to be
attained, people like Chief Obafemi Awolowo and Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe emphasized
that free education should be implemented in Nigeria, so that many people could
have access to western education and produce the needed man power in all sector
of Nigeria economy.
according to
Adesina (2002) the introduction of free education tagged “UPE” brought into
schools all school aged children. in addition to the developments observed,
there was increase in the number of institutions (primary to tertiary),
classrooms and science laboratories were constructed for the successful
implementation of the programmes. scholarship and bursary awards were given to
students. The federal government established advanced teachers colleges and the
old Ondo State government established College of Education through which
teachers earned the national certificate of education (NCE) however, the NCE is
not considered to be minimum teaching qualification.
          urban secondary schools and rural
secondary schools are established within the society in order to bring
education and enlightenment to an individual.
          Therefore both of them serve as the
tool with which an individual is integrated into the society so that he can
achieve self-realization. The students of urban secondary schools have been
observed to be performing better in Biology than students of the  rural secondary schools. certain factors have
been accountable for the disparities in the attitude of these students. Disparities
in the infrastructure facilities have been observed as one of the major
distinction between rural secondary schools and urban secondary schools. The
students of urban secondary schools are improvised with conducive environment,
in terms of the w ell built classrooms with chairs and tables, unlike in the
rural secondary schools where the students study in dilapidated classrooms and
sit on broken chair and tables. incessant strike by teachers of rural secondary
schools as a result of certain request which are needed to be fulfilled by the
government have reduced the quality of education which the students are
supposed to receive in the rural secondary schools, where as the teachers of
urban secondary schools do not embark on strike action. Considering the above,
the problem of this study, was to determine what differences exist in students’
academic attitude between rural and urban secondary schools of Ekiti State. In
addressing the problem of this study, the following general questions were
raised.
(i)      What
is the attitude level of students in rural senior secondary school in Ekiti
State
(ii)     What is the attitude level of students in urban senior secondary
school in Ekiti State       
Purpose
of the Study
          The broad objective this study is to
compare students’ attitude in Biology in rural and urban senior secondary school
of Ekiti State. However, the specific objective are to:
(i)      Examine
the difference between students’ attitude to Biology selected in rural and
urban senior secondary schools.
(ii)     Examine the effect of instructional materials on the
performances of students in Biology
(iii)    Examine if teachers population affect the attitude of students in
Biology in urban and rural secondary schools.
Research
Questions
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Significance
of the study       
          A comparative
study of rural and urban secondary schools students attitude in Biology in
Senior secondary certificate examinations is desirable. The findings of this
study could be useful possibly to show a great disparity in the provision of
instructional materials, availabilities of qualified and dedicated teachers
employed to teach the subject and the types of environment in which the
students area being exposed to. Therefore the study would be of immense benefit
to the government, Biology teachers, professional organizations and school
proprietors.
Delimitation
of the Study
          The study was delimitated to the
attitude of rural and urban senior secondary school students in Biology in
Ekiti State.
The following
terms have been operationally defined for the study;
COMPARATIVE
STUDY:
The analysis which brings out the difference
between attitude of students of urban and rural secondary schools in Biology.
RURAL
SCHOOL:
This is a school that is located in a settlement or
village.
URBAN
SCHOOL
: This is a school located in a town with more than
two secondary schools.
BEHAVIOUR:
This is what can be observed and described as activities of an organism (man).       
LEARNING:
According to Cronbach (1999); learning is shown by a change in behavior as a
result of experience.
TEACHING:
According to Denta (2000), stated that teaching is a profession that deals with
the systematic interaction between the teacher and the learners to acquire
knowledge and skills.
SUBJECTS:
An individual who participates in an experimental situation.
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