NO TITLE

Title Page  
—————————————————————-
                      
Declaration  —————————————————————-                    
Certification
—————————————————————-
                       
Dedication  
—————————————————————-
                        
Acknowledgement ——————————————————–                     
Abstract
———————————————————————-
                     
Table of Contents
———————————————————
                      
List of Statutes /
Treaties ————————————————
                      
List of Cases
—————————————————————-
                    
Abbreviations
—————————————————————-
                    
CHAPTER 1
1.0   GENERAL INTRODUCTION                                                       
1.0   Introduction
———————————————————
           
1.1   Statement of Research problem
—————————–
               
1.2   Objectives
———————————————————-
           
1.3   Scope of the Research
—————————————–
            
1.4   Methodology
——————————————————-
            
1.5   Literature Review
————————————————-
             
1.6   Organizational layout ——————————————–              
1.7   Justification of Research work
——————————–
               
CHAPTER 2
CONCEPT OF ISLAMIC LAW
2.0   Introduction
——————————————————–
              
2.1   Definition and
Scope———————————————
              
2.2   Sources and
Characteristic————————————–
            
2.3   Nature and
Origin—————————————————
           
CHAPTER 3
ISLAMIC LAW CONCEPT
OF WAR
3.0
Introduction
———————————————————-
 
3.1
‘War’ in islamic law
———————————————–
3.1.1Jihad
——————————————————————-
3.1.2
Typology of War
—————————————————-
 
3.1.3
History War
———————————————————-
 
3.1.4
Functions and Nature of War
————————————
3.1.5
Reasons for War —————————————————–
3.2
Role of
Ijma’a——————————————————
CHAPTER
4
ISLAMIC LAW CONCEPT
OF PEACE
4.0
Introduction ———————————————————-
 
4.1Peace
in Islam ———————————————————-
 
4.1.1  Nature of Peace in Islamic Law
——————————-
91
4.1.2
 
94
4.2  Means of Peace in Islamic Law
————————————
 
4.2.1
Love and Clemency
————————————————-
 
4.2.2
Social Behavior——————————————————
4.2.3
Solidarity————————————————————-
117
4.2.4
Achieving Life Ambition
——————————————-
119
4.2.5
Act of Governance ————————————————–
120
4.2.6
Legal Justice Assurance
——————————————
122
4.2.7
Social Equilibrium
————————————————–
129
4.3.
Legal Constraints —————————————————
146
4.3.1
Source
of  Problems/Challenges  in 
War  —–
148
4.3.2
The
Constraints   
——————————————————
152



4.3.3
The Conquered Territory
—————————————–
156
4.3.4
The Belligerent and Neutral States.
—————————
157
4.4  Contributions of Qur’an, Sunnah,Qiyas and
Fatwa———-
163
4.4.1
The Holy Quran ——————————————————
164
4.4.2
Sunnah——————————————————————-
175
4.4.3
Qiyas ( Analogy)
——————————————————-
184
4.4.4
Fat’wa ——————————————————————–
190
CHAPTER 5
IMPACT
OF WAR ON GLOBAL PEACE AND SECURITY
5.0
Introduction
———————————————————
198
5.1
Conflicts
in Africa
———————————————–
199
5.1.1
Rwanda
————————————————————–
200
5.1.2
Sierra Leone
——————————————————-
203
5.2
Iran-Iraq War ——————————————————-
204
5.2.1
Background
——————————————————–
205
5.2.2
Diplomacy and International Involvement —————–
210
5.2.3
America’s role in the Iran-Iraq war —————————
212
5.2.4
Consequences
—————————————————-
218
5.3
Kosovo Genocide
————————————————
220
5.4
The Israeli-Palestinian Armed Conflict
———————-
233
5.5
Intra-national conflicts
——————————————
247
5.5.1
Tunisia
———————————————————————-
248
5.5.2
Egypt
—————————————————————
250

CHAPTER 6

6.0        
INTERNATIONAL TREATIES AND RULES OF
CONDUCT OF HOSTILITIES
6.0
Introduction———————————————————
253
6.1
Treaties and the Effect of Treaties
—————————-
253
6.2
Restrictions
——————————————————–
257
6.2.1(a)
Geneva——————————————————-
262
6.2.1(b)
The
Hague————————————————–
269
6.2.2
Precaution————————————————————
275
6.2.3
Proportionality
——————————————————
278
6.2.4
Prohibitions of indiscriminate
attacks————————-
279
6.2.4.1 Terrorism———————————————————
280
6.2.4.2
Means of warfare
———————————————-
281
6.2.4.3
Methods of
Warfare——————————————-
288
6.3
Globalization —————————————————-
290
CHAPTER 7
CONCLUSION
7.0
Introduction
———————————————————
297
7.1
Summary
———————————————————–
297
7.2.
Observations
——————————————————–
299
7.3
Recommendations
————————————————
304
BIBLIOGRAPHY
—————————————————
316
LIST
OF STATUTES / TREATIES
1.          
Statute
of the International Criminal Court (ICC)Statute, 2002
2.          
UN
Charter on Human Rights
3.          
Vienna
Convention, 1961 on Diplomatic Relations
4.          
Law
of the Sea Convention, 1982
5.          
Geneva
Convention, 1949
6.          
The
Hague Convention, 1954
7.          
Additional
Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions,1977
8.          
Additional
Protocol II to the Geneva Conventions, 1977
9.          
UN
Resolution 1441, 2002
10.        
Security
Council Resolution, 25 June, 1950
11.        
A.
U. Charter on Human and People’s Rights, May, 1963
12.        
Security
Council Resolution 696; 46 UNSCOR, Resolutions 1991
 



LIST OF CASES
1.          
Re-Wimbledon,
1923, PCIJ, Series A, No. 1
2.          
Re-North
Sea Continental Shelf, 1969, ICJ, rep. 3, P.44
3.          
Nicaragua
Vs U.S.A, 1986 ICJ Rep 14
4.          
Re-the
Asylum Case, 1950 ICJ Rep. 266 at pp. 266-7
5.          
Portugal
Vs India, 1960, ICJ Rep. 6
6.          
Re-Paquete
Habana, 1899
7.          
See
Lan Service Incorporation Vs Iran, 1928, OCIJ Swries A, No. 17
8.          
Re-Chorzow
Factory (Indemnity), 1937 PCIJ Series A/B No. 70
9.          
Re-Diversion
of water from the Meuse, 1949, ICJ Rep 18
10.        
Re-Corfu
Channel, 1950 ICJ Rep. At 148
11.        
Re-Russian
Indemnity, 1903
12.        
Re-South,
West Africa Case, 1950, ICJ 148
13.        
Re-Serbian
Loan Case, 1929 PCIJ, Series A, No. 20-21 at pp. 38-39
14.        
South
West Africa (2
nd Phase), 1966 ICJ Rep
at 6
15.        
Texaco
Vs Libya (1977) 531. L.r.389. Also reported in (1978) 17 ILM 1t1
16.        
Re-Reparation
Case, 1949 ICJ 174
17.        
Re-Genocide
Case, 1951, ICI 15
18.        
U.K.
Vs Norway, ICJ Rep (1951) 116
19.        
France
VsTurdsey, 1927, PCIJ Rep. Series A, No 10
20.        
Burkina
Faso Vs Mail, 1994 ICJ Rep. 6
21.        
Libya
Vs Chad, 1992, ICJ Rep. 315 at 563
22.        
Re-Naulila,
1934, AC, pp. 586-9 at 589
23.        
Re-Aleoboectoe
Case, (1994), 1-2 I.H.R.R. 208
24.        
Re-Western
Sahara Case, 1975, ICJ Rep. P. 12
 25.        
SocieteCommercialeD’orientVs
Turkey (1929) 9 M>A.T. p. 612 at 613
26.        
Re-Armstrong
Cork Company, 14 R. I. A. A. p. 613

CHAPTER
1
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.0                                        INTRODUCTION
Although this work is not
the first of its kind. There were various works on Islamic Law of War and peace
dated back to over 700 years ago by reknown scholars
such as Ibn Taymiyyah1,
Khadduri Majid,
2 and Abu Sulaiman Abdul
Hamid
3 and a host of others. Perhaps the only
mark of difference in the present work is its contemporary nature. Since arabic
language is relevant to Islamic Law just as latin is to the English law,it is
therefore pertinent to state the arabic version of the subject matter of the
study as:Mafhuum ul-Harb Was-Salaam Fish-shariy’atil Islamiyyah
meaning ‘Concept of war and peace under Islamic Law’
As the global community is
increasingly characterised  by a “clash
of
civilizations” particularly between Western
civilization and Islam
4.The universality of
the application of Laws relating to war and peace becomes seriously threatened.
With this threat on the increase, certain legal concepts particularly under
Islamic Law became misunderstood.
The
present work attempts to explore the principles of war and peace under the
ambit of Islamic Law for further and better understanding of the contemporary
laws of war and peace. Any study on Islamic International Law must essentially
entail the two opposing concepts of war and peace, hence the legal principles
of war and peace under Islamic law will attract prominent attention in this
work.
The
need for this study is further underscored by the varieties of the rules of warfare
as prescribed by International Treaties and Conventions which have been
discovered
1  

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