English language is not an indigenous language to Nigeria, due to the fact,
that Nigerians already have their own spoken language (mother tongue). Every
Nigeria learning English language is usually faced with a complex language
situation in his process language development.
Besides having to master his own language and other indigenous language, he
needs to have a good command of English as indispensable tool in his daily life
in a changing world. Language is our greatest invention, without it, trade,
government, family life. Regions and the art would be either impossible or very
The human being is characterized by the ability to communicate with his fellow
human being, this chief characteristics is what distinguished the human from
animals. The process of learning indigenous language begin very early in life,
right from time early, an adult attempt to communicate with a child by using
all kinds of sound to him and the child in turn begin to respond to the
communication through imitation.
The child proficiency in use of his mother tongue is accelerated by his
constant exposure to language. This communication is made possible in human
being by the use of two types of sensory stimulation, such as auditory and
The mother tongue is the greatest asset people bring
to the task of foreign language learning and provides Language Acquisition
Support System. The importance of English in this modern time cannot be denied.
English is one of the greatest second languages of the world. It has become
international language of science, technology, commerce, business,
international politics and diplomacy. It is estimated that 1.4 billion people
use English as their official language. It is the language of more than 1500
million non native speaker’s .It is claimed that three out of four speakers of
English are non natives. In Pakistan English is taught as a compulsory subject
in primary and secondary schools. It is considered a source of bright and
prestigious future. The use of mother tongues 
goes side by side with English. So their influence in learning English
cannot be denied and over ruled. It is interesting to note that most of our
languages in Nigeria  belong to the
British family of languages. 
Statement of the Problem.
the advent of British traders, missionaries and colonialists, indigenous
Nigerian language defined every aspect of the speech community from its
religious, cultural, political, Economics, social to whatever else that can be
through of the language functioned effectively to deal with every thing
relating to the day existence of the people. The arrival of the British,
concomitant with the English language provided a language contact situation
with an attempt to a language shift in the population.
New sets of ideas, concepts and values were introduced to the system where
indigenous local language had previously been self-sufficient, rendering them
inadequate to deal with the new concepts introduced by the British,
particularly in the areas of formal education, Western law etc. the result was
the initial subtle and later blatant intrusion & influence of English
language on domains that were the exclusive preserve of indigenous language.
Now, the English language is generally an accepted language which was
introduced into Nigeria through colonialism and missionary activities is now
spoken, thought and learned in Nigeria.
Where English language sentence are made, they are characteristically uttered
with variation in pitch often referred to as intonation. This is often an area
of difficulty for second language, users of English language who have tonal?
Language as their first language. This is one of the major problems encountered
by learners of English language. Other areas of problem encountered are’,
Sentence and word stresses, vowel sounds and English suprasegmental of pitch.
The study intended to identify the influence of mother tongue in the study of
English language in senior secondary schools in Abua /Odual Local government
Significance of the Study:
study will help to expose the numerous factors that influence the interference
of the study of English language by the mother tongue or native languages. It
will also identify the effects of this interference on other study area that
are based on the use of the English language as the basic communication.
This study will enable teachers to identify their problems in English language.
This study will also enable student to understand how to make use of English
words especially in pronunciation, intonation and phonetics. It will also
enable the teachers to make more research on the use of English language.
Since English language has been used as a second official and some times even
as a foreign language in Nigeria for along time and give the inescapable
behaviour of language in contact, it is normal to expect it to have factors
which can identify it as bonafide subject, dialect, variely or idiom of world
English. These may be seen as research findings relating to interference,
derintation and creativity as are seen to obtain among speakers. In Nigeria.
English is now the term Nigerian English is used to refer to the subject of
English spoken or written by Nigerians, it is commonly known that the features
of Nigerians English language, like those of other new English, are essentially
inherent particularly at the early stages of learning by the mother tongue
Purpose of the Study:
To find out the level at
which mother tongue can interfere in the learning of English language in
secondary school.
To determine the attitude
of secondary schools students towards the use of mother tongue
To find out the effect of
mother tongue on students academic performance in english lanaguge
To investigate if teachers
make use of mother tongue in teaching english language
Reasarch Question
Does mother tongue
actually interferes in the learning of English language in secondary school?.
What are the attitude of
secondary schools students towards the use of mother tongue
What are the effect of
mother tongue on students academic performance in english lanaguge
Does teachers  Make use of mother tongue when teaching
English language
The Scope of the Study.
This research is the influence of mother tongue in study of English language
among secondary school students in 
Abua/Odual Local Government Area. The study will focuss on SS 1 to III
students in five selected secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area
Mother tongue: Native, language, the first which is normally acquired by
human being in early childhood through interaction with other member of his own
native speakers. This can also be called primary language, its one’s first
language of interaction.
Second language: Foreign language, any language other than the native
language or mother tongue. A second language usually learnt and not acquired
through interaction with other.
Interference: The errors native made by carrying over the speech habit of
the native language or dialect into a second language or dialect. The
interference can be noticed in features of pronunciation, grammar and
vocabulary when a person is learning to master the pattern of second language.
Transfer: The process or result of carrying over speech habit from one
language to another e.g. language teaching, the patterns of the mother tongue
or when translating lexical items may be borrowed from the native language.
Negative features that are not available in the mother tongue are to features
that are present in the second language. This means that there are some
distinctive features inherent in the mother tongues that are transferred to the
second language.
Positive common features: Are those features that are present both in first language
and the second language.




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