INFLUENCE OF CULTURAL PRACTICES ON CHILD ABUSE

INFLUENCE OF CULTURAL PRACTICES ON CHILD
ABUSE
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Objectives of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Hypotheses of the Study
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Assumptions of the Study
1.8 Delimitations of the Study
1.9 Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 The General Concept of Culture
2.2 Cultural Practices in Kaduna State
2.3 The Child and Child Right Act
The United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child
(1989)
The African Charter on the Right of the Child
The Socio-Economic Rights of the Child
The Political Rights of the Child
The Private or Personal Rights of the Child
The Nigerian Child Right Act
Basic Provisions of the 2003 Nigerian
Child Rights Act
Children’s Responsibilities under the Nigerian Child Act
Domestication of the Nigerian Child Rights Act at State
level
2.4 The Nigerian Legal System in relation to the Rights of
the Child
2.5 Child abuse and Forms  of Child Abuse
Female Genital Mutilation Early Marriages
Sexual Abuse
Child Physical Abuse
Child Labour/Child Street labour/Hawking
Child Beggars
Influence of Child Abuse
2.6 Empirical Studies
Similarities and Dissimilarities between present study
and the research studies cited in
2.7 Summary of Reviewed Literature
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Population for the Study
3.3 Sample size and sampling procedure
3.4 Instrument for data collection
3.4.1 The Validity of Instrument
3.4.2 Pilot Study
3.4.3 Reliability of Instrument
3.5 Procedures for Data Collection
3.6 Procedure for Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR : PRESENTATION OF RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Descriptive Analysis of the Bio data
4.2 Answering of Research Questions
4.3 Testing of Research Null Hypotheses
4.4 Discussions of Findings
CHAPTER
FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendations
5.4 Suggestions for Further Studies
References
APPENDIX I
APPENDICES II
APPENDICES III
APPENDICES IV 111



ABSTRACT
Child abuse is an infringement on the rights of the child.
The frequency of its
occurrence has made it not only a national, but a global
concern. The main
objective of the study was the identification of cultural
practices cultural
practices that expose the child to various abuses in Kaduna
State. The study
was a survey. Three research questions and null hypotheses
were drawn to
guide the study. The target population included pupils and
teachers of Local
Government Schools in six Local Government Areas of the
three Senatorial
Districts of Kaduna State. The age range of the respondents
was between 11
and 45 years. The Local Government Areas include Sabon-Gari,
Zaria,
Kaduna South, Chukun, Kauru and Jama’a. A total of 510
teachers and 781
pupils’ respondents were drawn from a population of 8,587
and 273,163,
respectively. The
sample size represented 20% and 1% of the total population of
teachers and pupils respectively, in Kaduna State. The
Research question
provided the platform for information gathering for
subsequent analysis.
The
Null hypotheses were tested using the Pearson Correlation
statistics at 0.05
level of significance. The result of the test using the
Pearson correlation
statistic indicated that there were significant relationship
between child abuse
and the existing cultural practices. Thus, all the three
Null hypotheses were
rejected. The study findings indicated that excessive
domestic child labour,
early girl child marriage, begging by children, hawking, and
preference for
particular sex of child. The cultural practices in Kaduna
State that exposed
the child to child abuse included polygamy, early girl
marriages, and
preference for particular sex of the child. Other causes of
child abuse other
than cultural practices but aid child abuses were that
children voluntarily
make themselves available as domestic servants for food,
child hawking, high
level of illiteracy, ready market for child labour,
ignorance of associated
dangers of hawking and begging, and the less expensiveness
of child labour
compared to hired adult labour. Others causes of child
abuses included easy
tameness of children compared to adult, high level of poverty,
selective
application of the Child Right Act, fear of victimization,
and corruption in
prosecuting offender of child abuse by the legal agencies.
Drawn from these
findings, it was concluded that if the situation is not
checked more children
will fall victim to child abuse. This will ultimately affect
the leadership
quality of our tomorrow’s society. To forestall this
problem, it was
recommended that an alternative employment, and free
education be provided
for these street beggars and hawkers; more awareness on the
disadvantages
and dangers of early girl child marriage be publicized to
discourage people
from going into it; and finally, the issue of poverty and
illiteracy level should
be addressed by the government and society at large to reduce
hawking and
begging.
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