IDENTIFICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

IDENTIFICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Title page                                                                              
Certification                                                                                                     Dedication                                                          
Acknowledgement                                                                  
Table of contents                                                                    
Abstract                                                                                 
List of table                                                                            
List of figures                                                                         
CHAPTER ONE
1.0  INTRODUCTION                                                         
1.1 Background of the study                                                 
1.2 Statement of the problem
                                                
1.3 Purpose of the study                                                                  
1.4 Significance of the
study                                               
1.5 Research Questions                                                          
1.6 Delimitation of the
study                                                    
1.7 Assumption of the study                                                 
1.8 Definition of terms                                                           
chapter two
2.0
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1 Concept
of instructional materials in educations  
          
2.2 Source
of instructional materials                                              
2.3 Characteristics of Instructional Materials                       
2.4
Importance of instructional materials                            
2.5 Criteria for Selecting and Evaluating 
Instructional
        Materials                                                                       
2.6 Area of
Agricultural science curriculum need the
      use
of instructional materials.                                          
2.7     Summary of the Review of Literature                                    
CHAPTER THREE
3.0     METHODOLOGY                                                               
3.1     Research design                                                            
3.2     Area of the study                                                          
3.3     Population of the study                                                
3.4     Sample of the study                                                                 
3.5     Instrument for data collection                                       
3.6     Validity of the instrument                                                       
3.7 Procedure for Data Collection                                          
3.8     Data analysis                                                                          
CHAPTER
FOUR
4.0 PRESENTATION AND
ANALYSIS OF DATA           
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0     SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1     Summary                                                                      
5.2    
Conclusion                                                                   
5.3     Recommendation                                                          
REFERENCES                                                                               
APPENDIX    
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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study
Instructional materials
are equipment that are used to make teaching easy in classroom. Instructional
materials is fast gaining ground in most secondary school and higher
institution in the country.  Instructional
materials results in more effective learning of factual  information and skills in less time than more
verbalization Onyejemesi (1990).
Effective use of instructional materials has
contributed to the awareness of the student to have enough interest in
Agricultural science. It gives the motivation of the student to move closer in
the viable and it shows clearly and highly evitable to promote the Agricultural
sciences in secondary schools. Teaching is activities undertaken by a more
experienced and knowledgeable person in order to make others learn.
Teaching involves
influencing someone to change one’s attitude.
Teaching can be defined
as the guidance of students through planned activities so that they acquire the
richest learning possible from their experience.
Hunter 1996 defined teaching as the process of
making and implementing decisions, before, during and after instruction to
increase the probability of learning.
It can be deduced from the above definition that
teaching content, style of the learner and behaviour of the teacher. Agricultural
science is the production of crops, cultivation of land rearing of animal for
human consumption purpose.
This contributed to the economy growth of a
nation as whole the partial of Agricultural take a lot of role in human
activities to enhance the wealth, income exchange to good and services.
Both small scale and
large production of crops and animals has effectiveness in the life of human
being.
The aim and objective of Agricultural science in
secondary schools include:
  1. To promote meaning and practical application of the content
    of other subject matter area such as sciences.
  2.   To develop
    understanding of the influence of the public policy on agriculture.
  3. To provide guideline regarding the occupational activities of
    on farm and off farm ventures requiring skill and knowledge.
  4. To develop understand of the interrelationship of agriculture
    and other segment of society.
  5. To develop mechanization fanning and practiced by farmers.
Statement of the problem
Olaitan 1986 observed
that in most of the secondary schools the needed teaching aids are not
available due to lack to fund and where it is available is not adequately used
by teacher. This leads to poor performance of student in their final year
examination. Thus, this research is carried but to ascertain the identification
of instructional materials and how they are been used in teaching and learning
process.
Purpose of
the study
The major purpose of the
study was to identify the instructional material for teaching Agricultural
science in secondary school.
Specifically the study soughs to:
1.       To
identify the instructional material for teaching General Agriculture.
2.       To
identify the instructional material for teaching crop science
3.       To
identify the instructional material for teaching soil science
4.       To identify the instructional material
for teaching Animal science.
5.       To
identify instructional material for teaching Agricultural Mechanization
6.      
How can teachers source for instructional materials?

 

Significance
of the study
Information gathered from
the study will throw more light on the availability, distribution, use, quality
of teaching aids and it will provide basis for effective utilization of
teaching and learning of agriculture in secondary school.
The  outcome 
will  help  to 
ascertain  the  need 
for use  of instructional
materials in teaching Agricultural science in secondary schools.  It will enable the pursuits, principle,
teacher, government to see the need to support school in farms of providing
instructional materials.   Identify the
necessary teaching aids needed for teaching agricultural science in schools.
Research
question
This study provides answer to the following
questions:
1.      
What are the instructional materials for teaching?
2.      
What are the instructional materials for teaching crop science?
3.      
What   are   the  
instructional   materials   for  
teaching   Animal science?
4.       What are the instructional materials for
teaching soil science?
5.    What are the instructional materials for
teaching Agricultural Mechanization?
6.      
How can teacher source for instructional materials?
 Delimitation of the study
This   study  
is   delimited to   focuses  
on  the   identification instructional materials by
teacher in the teaching of Agricultural science in secondary schools. Assumption of the study
The teachers are performing
there best in the teaching of Agricultural science by making use of improvise
materials.
Definition
of terms
Agriculture: Agriculture
is the art an science cultivating a piece of land to produce crops and rearing
of farming animals for man’s use. It also involves production of raw materials
such as cotton, cocoa, and coffee for industries.          Instructional materials: As the faculties used to made a
teaching in classroom as a teaching aid gives the student to have enough
understanding in teaching of Agricultural science in secondary school.
Teaching:  This is the 
guidance  of pupil  through planned activities so that they may
acquire richest learning possible from their experience.

 

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