HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON PRODUCTIVITY IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC IBADAN

HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON PRODUCTIVITY IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BREWERIES PLC IBADAN
ABSTRACT
The aim of carrying out this research
work was to examine the impact of human resources management on productivity in
manufacturing industry.
The study made use of sampling method
in order to achieve the objective of the study. A total twenty (20) staff were
selected. The percentage scoring technique was adopted for the analysis of data
collected for the study.
Finding from the study showed that
there was high rate importation i.e. importing goods that can be manufactured
in Nigeria etc. this brings about the increase in the exchange rate and also
efforts had been made by every emerging government, through programmes and
policies to proffer a lasting solution to the problems.
The study therefore, recommended
among others that the government of Nigeria should provide adequate health
and medical facilities, to workers, Government should also ensure efficient
communication between staff and government and should put in place new
condition of service so as to improve the efficiency of workers.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                          
Certification                                                                                 
Dedication                                                                            
Acknowledgements                                                               
Abstract                                                                                
Table of Contents                                                                   
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1           
Background
of the Study                                                    
1.2           
Statement
of Problem                                               
1.3           
Objective
of the Study                                                  
1.4           
Research
Hypothesis                                                    
1.5           
 Research Question                                                       
1.6           
Significance
of the Study                                                        
1.7           
Scope
of the Study                                                                  6
1.8           
Definition
of the Term                                                  



CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1           
Introduction                                                                       
2.2           
Nigeria Breweries a Manufacturing Company in
Nigeria       
2.3           
Industrial
Relation                                                                  
2.4           
Manpower
Development and Training in Nigeria
Breweries Plc Ibadan                                               
2.5           
The
Infect of Human Resource Management in
Manufacturing Sector                                                   
2.6           
Education
and Training                                                
2.2.3    HRM and Industrial Relations                                     
2.2.4    Administrative Management                                        
2.2.5    Human Relations                                                          
2.2.6    The Behavioural Aspect                                                       
2.2.7    Motivation through Wage and Salary
Structure           
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1           
Introduction                                                                           
3.2           
Research
Design                                                         
3.3           
Population
of the Study                                              
3.4           
Sample
and Sampling technique                                  
3.5           
Research
Instrument                                                    
3.6           
Validity
of the Research Instrument                             
3.7           
Administration
of the Instrument                                
3.8           
Procedure
for Data Collection and Analysis                         
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1           
Introduction                                                                          
4.2           
Interpretation
of Result                                                
4.3           
Discussion
of Findings                                                 
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
RECOMMENDATION
5.1           
Summary                                                                     
5.2           
Conclusion                                                                    
5.3           
Recommendation
                                                       
REFERENCES                                                                      54-55
APPENDIX                                                                            56-62



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1           
Background of the Study
Human resources management is a
process of making use of materials and human resources to accomplish designated
objects.
It involves the organization,
coordination and evaluation of people to achieve those goals. Human resources
management in all industries of the world from past to the present is the strength
towards productivity.
In any manufacturing industry, the
aim is to achieve maximum efficiency in production and to achieve this, the
salaries and wages of the employees should commensurate with the activities
they perform. If the salaries of the employees are very low, this becomes a
problem in production efficiency. It is important that people should be
involved in making decision on matters affecting them vis-à-vis the
manufacturing industries and also where they are able to contribute joint
consolation, committee, meeting, joint unions and management committee should
be maintained upon a basis by which considering the welfare of the individual
enable all those involved to engaged in the undertaken to make their maximum
contribution to the effective working of that undertaken. To derive efficiency
and welfare human management in a manufacturing industry.
This study therefore investigates the
need for human resources management in the manufacturing sector using Nigeria
Breweries Plc Ibadan as a case study.
1.2           
Statement of the Problem
In the manufacturing industry in Nigeria, there
have been several problems of inadequate and inconsistent condition of
employment of workers, which often is against the national labour congress
policy inadequate health facilities and medical attention, which is the basic
necessity for every citizen. Also bias recruitment drive and favoritism in
selection and placement of staff parade our manufacturing industry. Also, lack
of adequate communication and follow-up between management and staff are also
experienced in the industry several other human resources management problems
also erode the industry and list is mending lack of adequate educational
requirement for employment, low demand for specialized skills in terms of
engagement and placement of staff inadequacy in services, training facilities,
poor facilities and welfare packages for workers, lack of motivation to staff,
indiscriminate disciplinary action and victimization of stag, unfriendly
relationship amongst personnel and management of organization etc.
On the other side of the coin is the
reduction in the output of the manufacturing sector, which can be directly
attributed to the low level of productivity in the sector. The industry
continues to account for a reducing share of its contribution to the Gross
Domestic Products (GDP) of the nation as a result of low and reducing capacity
utilization in the industry. Two problems have been highlighted here: poor
human resources management and low productivity in the manufacturing industry.
This study will therefore aim at investigating if there exist a relationship
between resource management and productivity in the manufacturing sector of the
nation.
1.3           
Objective of the Study
The major objective of this study is
to verify the relationship that exists between human resources management and
productivity in manufacturing sector in Nigeria.
Other specific objective are as
follows
1.                
To
investigate the important of a good reward system in improving the level of
commitment and productivity in the sector.
2.                
To
verify the impact of motivation on the productivity of staff in the
manufacturing industry
3.                
To
investigate the significance of the staff training and development towards the
productivity of the sector
4.                
To
investigate the significance of staff-welfare in improving their level
commitment and productivity in the sector
5.                
To
investigate the important of a good medical and health facility towards the
productivity sector
6.                
Lastly,
to find a solution to the problem of human resources management in the industry
1.4           
Research Hypotheses
That there is no significant
relationship between human resource management and productivity in the
manufacturing industry.
1.5           
Research Questions
A questionnaire will be used to
carryout the research based on the following research questions
a.       Can the poor system of remuneration of
staff and other forms of labour incentives be improved with an industrial
organization or environment?
b.       Are there benefits of health facilities
and medical attention in the working environment?
c.       Should there be effective communication
flow between management staff and other workers within a working environment?
d.       Does in-services training has any benefit
in a working environment?
e.       Does poor and inefficient output in any
manufacturing industry relate to poor welfare?
1.6           
Significance of the Study
There are several answers to many
frequently asked questions that this write-up will give human resource
management and productivity in a company are two important factors that should
be duly addressed in any forward looking firm. The problem, of poor inputs
either as a result of inadequate factors of production like land, labour, is
one of those factor of production, it is therefore important to study effect or
impact of skilled and unskilled on the productivity of the industry, holding
all other factors constraints this study will effect a remarkable change in
communication system between management and staff of any organization. After a
careful evaluation of deficiencies in dissemination of management information
with the system.  
1.7           
Scope of the Study
The scope of this research work is to
cover the human resources management and its impact on productivity in a
manufacturing industry in Nigeria Breweries Plc Ibadan.
1.8           
Definition of Terms
Human resources:
Can be referred as the most important factor of production while other are the
materials and financial resources.
Management: Is
the process of using judiciously available human and material resources in
order to achieve organization or group goals
Productivity:
Can be measure by comparing the amount produced with the time taking on the
resource use to produce it.
Manufacturing:
Is the activity of making things by industrial processes.
Industry: Can
be define as the making on production of things in factories.



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