GENDER FACTOR IN THE CHOICE OF TEACHING CAREER AMONG SELECTED STUDENT IN THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

GENDER FACTOR IN THE CHOICE OF TEACHING CAREER AMONG SELECTED STUDENT IN THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                                                   
Approval page                                                                                                         
Certification                                                                                                             
Dedication                                                                                                               
Acknowledgement                                                                                                   
Table
of Content                                                                                                      
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION                                                                  
Background
of the Study                                                                                   
Statement
of the Problem                                                                                       
Objective
of the Study                                                                                           
Research
Questions                                                                                    
                   
Significance
of the Study                                                                                       
Scope
of the Study                                                                                                  
Definition
of Terms                                                                                                             6
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF
LITERATURE
                                           
Literature
Review                                                                                                    
Empirical
Framework                                                                                              Theoretical
Framework                                                                                           
Conceptual
Framework                                                                                           
Gender
as a Determinant of Employment Opportunity                                     
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY                                                           
Research
Design                                                                                                       
Area
of the Study                                                                                                     
Population
of the Study                                                                                          
Sample
and Sampling Techniques                                                                         
Instrument
for Data Collection                                                                              
Validation
of the Instrument                                                                                  
Administration
of the Instrument                                                                          
Data
Analysis Technique                                                                                     
CHAPTER FOUR:
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF
DATA                                                
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
RECOMMENDATION              
Summary                                                                                                                   
Conclusion                                                                                                                
Recommendation                                                                                                     
REFERENCES                                                                                                        
APPENDICES                                                                                                         
ABSTRACT
The study is aimed at investigating gender factors
in the choice of teaching career among selected student’s in the college of
education, Ikere –Ekiti.
To
carry out the study, three research questions were   reviewed in line with the purpose of the
study.  The design of the study was
survey design. The population of the study consisted of all students in College
of Education, Ikere Ekiti. 80 students were randomly sampled. The data collected
were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study
revealed that,
Students’ career choices are influenced by numerous
factors including outcome expectancies, individual variants such as gender,
personal interests, learning experiences, environmental factors and personal  contacts. Outcome expectancies were the most
influential factors in students’ career choices’ however gender and the
environment play a very minimal role when it comes to career choice.
It was recommend that there is
need for government and other stakeholders to look into ways of encouraging
male students to take teaching as a career in their life. The study further
recommends that, after initial career decisions have been made, career
counselors can continue to encourage successful career development by identifying
sources of psychosocial support available to students.

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CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background
of the Study
In a situation where there are options for someone
to choose from, one is likely to face the problem of choice. This is very
common in the choice of career. This has been a very serious problem for most
people especially, students who are faced with the task of choosing a life
career. Most of the students that are found in the secondary schools fall
within the ages of 11 and 20 years. This period of time is tagged adolescence.
Because of the demand of this stage adolescents are concerned about their
future, particularly in terms of selecting a vocation and majority of them are
observed to have ended up with vocational and emotional maladjustments,
dissatisfaction in work, frustration, conflicts and failure in life, unable to
self-actualize, because of wrong choice of careers (Salami 2007 and Madu 2006).
Record shows that the issue of career guidance has been emphasised by the
Federal Government in the National Policy on Education (2004) which says inter
alia
, “in view of the apparent ignorance of young people about career
prospects and in view of personality maladjustments among school children,
guidance counsellors will be appointed in the post primary institutions. In
reality, government made qualified guidance counsellors to function as career
masters in the schools to nurture the vocational behaviour of the students.
 Okon (1997)
and Olayinka (1994) discover that most young Nigerian secondary  school graduates encounter problems when
moving from school to work because of lack of relevant information about
occupation, lack of personal and education requirements to progress on the job.
It could be said that occupational preferences are not the only concerns, there
are so many yardsticks by which a person can view his potential success in
life. It is important that identifying oneself vocationally, however, depends
upon coming to terms with one’s personal characteristics, values, life purposes
and orientation towards or away from jobs. It became very clear that the life
style anticipated by the adolescent and the specific work he considers he might
be able to do are important to the child and deserves consideration by the
school. Several factors are responsible for varying choic of career among
individuals, such as intellectual abilities, aptitude, schools, personality values,
child rearing practices, relatives, parents and friends (Oladele 1997; Gesinde
1979; Makinde 2005). Stanley (1996) argues that prestige of a profession was a
factor in occupational choice of students.
Ogunmola (2004) also emphasizes on gender parity as
an influencing factor in career decision-making process. It is a known fact
that the occupation that one prefers influences other aspects of his life,
perhaps more than any other single factor. Gesinde (1979) opines that one’s job
determines how much money one earns, where and how one lives, on the overall
how one spends a sizeable proportion of his lifetime. In the final years of
secondary School III, the students who will soon graduate begin to choose the
type of occupation that would be suitable for them in life. Salami (1997)
confirms that many Nigerian students choose occupations at different level of
education attainments. Some choose their occupation at the end of junior
secondary school, some others, at the end of senior secondary school III, very
few citizens enter post secondary institutions and choose their occupations.
But for most of them their choice is being motivated by a variety of factors which
in themselves are not the real indices of success in occupation.
Statement
of Problem
Some of the factors that influence
students in choice of teachering career include interest parental influence,
peer group or social behaviours, teachers attitudes, teachers influence, and
proficiency , gender e.t.c. It is therefore not clear whether there is clear
cut distinction in the factor influence student career choice among secondary
school students The low performance of females tend to result in fewer females
choosing certain careers, therefore creating the perception that some careers
are better suited for males while others are suitable for females. The study
therefore will investigate gender factors in choice of teaching career among
selected student in college of education, Ikere-Ekiti
Objective
of the Study
The main objective of this study is
to examine gender factors in the choice of teaching career among selected
student in the college of education, Ikere Ekiti
The specific objective will
determine

The types of career male and female students in
secondary schools in college of educati

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