ENTRY QUALIFICATION AS A PREDICTOR OF STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

ABSTRACT
This study investigated entry qualification as a
predictor of students performance in economics. A case study of College
of Education, Ikere-Ekiti. This study was an ex-post facts research
design which comprises of all economics and economics related students
from various course combination. Two hundred students were selected
using simple random sampling technique. Purposive sampling technique was
used to select 40 students from each of the economic combination
course. The entry result (SSCE) of students admitted into economics
department in 2011/2012 session and their corresponding CGPA were used
as an instruments for data collection. The data were analysis using
Pearson Correlation Coefficient and regression at 0.05 level of
significance. The result showed that there was significant relationship
between the scores for entry qualification and students’ grades in
economics. Also, it was found in the study that students scores in the
entry qualification would predict students academic achievement in
College of Education. Based on these results, the researcher therefore
recommended that examination bodies should continue to improve on the
quality and method of administrating examination, the tertiary
institution authorities should strive to improve the integrity of its
examination.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE … … … … … … … … i
CERTIFICATION … … … … … … … … ii
DEDICATION … … … … … … … … iii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS … … … … … … … iv
ABSTRACT … … … … … … … v
TABLE OF CONTENTS … … … … … … … vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study … … … … … … … 1
Statement of the Problem … … … … … … … 3
Purpose of the Study … … … … … … … 4
Research Questions … … … … … … … 5
Research Hypotheses … … … … … … … 5
Significance of the Study … … … … … … … 6
Scope of the Study … … … … … … … 7
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Introduction … … … … … … 8
Conceptual Framework … … … … … … 8
Summary of Review of Literature … … … … … 19
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Introduction … … … … … … … … 21
Research Design … … … … … … … … 21
Population of the Study … … … … … … … 21
Sample and Sampling Technique … … … … … … 22
Research Instrument … … … … … … … 22
Validity of the Instrument … … … … … … … 23
Reliability of the Instrument … … … … … … … 23
Method of Data Collection … … … … … … 23
Data Analysis … … … … … … … … 24
CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Introduction … … … … … … … … … 25
Discussion of Findings … … … … … … … … 28
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Introduction … … … … … … … … … 30
Summary … … … … … … … … … 30
Conclusion … … … … … … … … … 31
Recommendation … … … … … … … … … 32
References … … … … … … … … … … 33
Appendix … … … … … … … … … … 34

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
In Nigeria, achievement at any level of education is crowned with
certification for those who successfully complete the course of study
with good academic records. Thus at the end of secondary school
education, students are expected to sit for public examination such as
the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE),
conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) Senior School
Certificate Examination (SSCE) conducted by the National Examinations
Council (NECO) and National Technical and Business Certificate
Examination (NTCE/NBCE), also conducted by the National Technical and
Business Certificate Examination Board (NABTEB). According to Adeyegbe
(2004), these tests used by various public examinations boards are often
better developed than the ones prepared by the teachers in the school
setting, university inclusive.
Possession of minimum of five credit
passes in any of these public examinations is a pre-requisite for
sitting for University Matriculation examination (UME) conducted by the
Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board. Candidates’ admission or
placement into Nigeria tertiary institutions irrespective of whether the
tertiary institution is federal, state or private owned is contingent
on meeting the prescribed cut-off mark in the UME.
Of recent, the
prospective candidates are further required to undergo University,
College sand Polytechnic Screening Examination as a condition for
eventual admission. It is believed that these entry qualifications and
entrance examination will positively predict candidate’s performance in
the tertiary institutions.
However, public examination bodies
responsible for the award of certificates and placement of students in
tertiary institution have been facing a lot of criticism due to the poor
performance or poor quality of undergraduate. Several professionals and
researchers in education have argued that the glorious day of high
academic performance and enviable achievement among Nigerian
undergraduate have reached a vanishing point and are called for
education summit to rectify the situation (Ige, 1997).
As a remedy,
there have been persistent calls from different quarters for the
examination of the present modes of selecting candidate for admission
into the various programmes in Nigerian tertiary institution with a view
to determining the credibility of each of the admission criteria. Such
calls which are borne out of the observed mismatch between candidate’s
performance in public examinations and their subsequent achievement in
tertiary institution examinations has eventually resulted in the post
UME screening exercise.
Investigation into the predictive validity
of public examination, which serve as entry qualification, on students’
future academic achievement in Economics is well known.
Statement of the Problem
Despite stringent measure sand strategies employed by the Nigerian
government to ensure that educational standards are maintained at the
tertiary level, observation shows that students whom after passing
through all these vigorous examination still perform far below
expectations especially in Economics. The deficiencies in the public
examinations (SSCE, and post UTME) could be due to shoddy arrangements,
impersonation of candidates, leakage of papers, use of machineries by
candidates, bribe taking by invigilators, use of hand phones to aid
malpractices and so on.
The resultant effects of these anomalies are
that many brilliant students seem to short-changed in the process while
the incompetent, but rich ones are alleged to have bought their way by
eventually scoring very high marks, which would enable them to secure
admission into competitive tertiary institutions and courses of study.
Based on the forgoing, these questions were asked.
– What is the performance of students in Economic at SSCE, and Post UTME?
– Does these performance determine the students CGPA in the College of Education?
Purpose of the study
The overall aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the extent to
which entry qualification (SSCE, UTME, Post-UTME) would predict
students’ performance in Economics in College of Education, Ikere-Ekiti.
Specifically, the purpose of the study are to:
1.
determine the extent to which scores in public examinations conducted
by JAMB could predict future academic achievement of students in
Economics in College of Education
Research Questions
The following research questions are raised to guide this study
1. Is there any relationship between the scores for entry qualification (SSCE, post-UTME and student CGPA in Economics?
2.
Does students’ performance in entry qualification predict academic
achievement in Economics among College of Education Students
Research Hypotheses
The following null hypothesis were postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance
1. Ho: There is no relationship between the scores for entry qualification (SSCE, Post-UTME and Students’ CGPA in Economics
2.
H0: Students’ performance in entry qualification does not predict
academic achievement in economic among College of Education students.
Significance of the Study
This study hopes to assist the government formulate appropriate
policies on both the conduct and quality of public examinations as well
as admission policies into Nigerian College of Education.
The study
would be significant in assisting students to be informed of the need
for hard work which will earn them a chance into any tertiary
institutions for undergraduate studies.
The study would help parents
to be informed on the need to foster the education of their children
into any tertiary institution through fortify background to withstand
both and post-UTME screening test.
More so, the study would assist
tertiary institutions to standardize the content, face and construct
validity of Post-UTME screening test that will be a measure for
admission into Nigeria tertiary institution and as a means of sanitizing
the system.
Scope of the study
This study only consider entry
qualification (SSCE, and Post UTME) as predictor of students’ academic
performance in Economics. The study would be carried out in College of
Education, Ikere-Ekiti.
The study considered the CGPA of 200 level students in Economics related courses.
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW

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