EFFECT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON SCIENCE EDUCATION IN EKITI STATE TERTIARY INSTITUTION

EFFECT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON SCIENCE EDUCATION IN EKITI STATE TERTIARY INSTITUTION
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Table of contents
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of study
Statement of problem
Research questions
Hypotheses
Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
Concept of ICT
ICT and Nigeria society
Science Education
ICT and science Education
CHAPTER THREE
METHODOLOGY
CHAPTER FOUR
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendation
REFERENCE
APPENDIX



ABSTRACT
The effect of Information Communication Technology (ICT) on science
education in Ekiti
State tertiary institution
was investigated in this study.  Forty
students (40) of the school of sciences of College of Education,
Ikere and sixty students (60) of the faculty of science.  University
of Ado – Ekiti with at
least on teaching practice experience.  A
self developed closed – ended questionnaire with Yes and No options was
validated and administered to the correspondent.  The data collected was analyzed using chi –
square.  The findings of this study shows
that the current use of ICT in teaching of science education in schools will
promote good mastery of the subject matter and motivate learners in science
education classes.
It is therefore recommended that
teaching of science education to students should be based on the use of ICT and
that ICT should be made a compulsory course for science educators in training.



CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
          The
entire world has been metamorphosized into a global village by information and
communication Technology.  Information
and communication Technologies are now no doubt, being accepted as part of our
contemporary world as they are perceived as tools for rapid changes in
technology, school, political and global economic transformation.  The penetrating influence of ICT is not only
limited to these spheres of human endavour but also to the field of education
where it is perceived as a transforming agent in education delivery and
educational methodology.  As observed by
Hanstrup (2004) perhaps the greatest achievement of the 20th and 21st centuries
was the development and application of the ICT to all facets of human
endeavour.  According to him, no work of
science has so significantly impacted on the course of human development as ICT
because it had positively transformed – effectively and efficiently every
aspect of human life such as accountancy, agriculture, aviation, banking,
commerce, communication, culture, entertainment, education, global security,
journalism, library, medicine, research, science etc.
          As
an agent of change in science education, the benefits of ICTs can be best
estimated in terms of its potential as a source of knowledge, a medium to
transmit content, a means of interaction a potential for providing access and
creating opportunities for networking.
          Science
education is the field concerned with sharing science content and process with
individuals not traditionally considered part of the scientific community
science is basically about becoming aware, exploring, understanding, and
exercising some degree of control over the environment through the senses, and
personal exploration (Erinosho, 2005).
Purpose of Study
          The
purpose of this study is to critically look into the influence and effects of
Information and communication Technology on science education. ICT has become a
central focus of many educational fields, its use and integration has become a
widespread in science education.  It
examines the use of ICT for teaching and learning science, and highlights the
facets and challenges of its utilization in promoting quality science education.  Furthermore, it identifies the militating
problems and recommends plausible panacea for effective and efficient science
education.
Significance of study
          In
the 21st century, the influence of ICT is not negligible, hence the its
significant to science education.  The
result of this study will be significant to science educational planners in
improving and encouraging the use of ICT in imparting science education in
learner.  It also highlights the
innumerable advantages of ICT as it relatives to science learning so that, the
nation can produce not only science educated populace that is academically
enlightened but also populace that is technologically and economically
productive.
Statement of Problem
          Obviously,
methods have changed from what it used to be of course greater heights can be
achieved today with the use of information communication technology for science
teaching.  One of the most current trend
is the use of internet facilities for science teaching.
          This
study is therefore meant to identity whether the effective use of ICT in
teaching of science education is relevant or not.
Research Questions
i.                       
Is
there any relationship between Information and communication technology and
science education?
ii.                       
Is
there any usefulness of information and communication technology to science
education?
iii.                       
What
are the influence and effect of information and communication technology on
science Education?
Hypothesis
i.                       
ICT
will not significantly enhance easy delivery of science education teaching
ii.                       
ICT
will not significantly provide necessary science education for the learners.
iii.                       
ICT
will not significantly help the science Education students to avail themselves
with the opportunity of acquiring current science education knowledge and
skill.
iv.                       
ICT
will not significantly foster interest and self direction for the science
Education teacher and students.
Definition of Terms
Computer
          Computer
according to Oxford Advanced Dictionary is electronic machine that corn store,
organize and find information, do calculates; simple and complex, and control
other machines.
Information
          Information
is defined as fact or knowledge which is proved or banned.  Information according to Talabi (2000) is the
body of knowledge which is meant to further broaden the horizon of the
individual to which it is exposed. 
Information is a refined and processed data.



Information Technology
          Information
Technology is the study or use of systems such as computers and
telecommunication gadgets for storing, retrieving and sending information,
Longman Dictionary of contemporary English (2001) To Talabi (2002) IT is the
means of facilitating the transmission of information as well as its
management.
Communication
          Communication
is the sending of messages, transmitting of ideas from a person to the other
according to Afe et al (2004:5), communication is the art of passing across
information, news, ideas to another person.
Technology
          Technology
according to Oxford Advanced Learner Dictionary can be defined as ‘the study,
mastery and utilization of manufacturing methods and industrial art,
“systematic application of knowledge to practical tasks in industry.



Science
          Science
is the knowledge about the structure and behaviour of the natural and physical
world, base on the fact you can prove, for example by experiment.



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