COMMON ILLNESSES AMONG BOARDING SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON LEARNING IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS

COMMON ILLNESSES AMONG BOARDING SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS AND THEIR EFFECTS ON LEARNING IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS
 
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                
Approval page                                                                       
Certification                                                                           
Dedication                                                                           
Acknowledgements                                                                
Table of contents                                                                    
Abstract                                                                                
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the study                                                                  
Statement of the problem                                                                
Objectives of the study                                                        
Significance of the study                                                                  
Purpose of the study                                                             
Research Question                                                                      
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED
LITERATURE
Causes of some illness among students
leaving in the Hostels             
Lack of Good Nutrition                                                            
The
effect of Hand Hygiene on illness Rate among students in
Boarding schools                                                                     
The Living conditions of students in
Boarding Schools                   
The student development theory under
pins our study                    
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
Research Design                                                                               
Population                                                                                       
Sample                                                                                             
Instrumentation                                                                              
Data Collection                                                                                
Data Analysis                                                                                
CHAPTER FOUR: DISCUSSION AND RESULTS
Analysis                                                                                          
Reasons for prevalence of Disease                                                   
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                     
Recommendation                                                                             
Suggestion for further study                                                            
Limitation of the study                                                                    
REFERENCES                                                                              
APPENDIX                                                                                             
ABSTRACT
This project discussed the meaning of
common illness among Boarding secondary school students and their effects on
learning. This project equally discussed some factors which are causes in
secondary boarding schools, such as lack of balance diet, living in an unclean
environment, nature of the drainage, classroom condition and at the same time
solution, suggestion that can be followed by both the teachers and students on
the prevention for these diseases. The suggestions are as follows: more schools
building and accommodation should be built in schools in other to reduce
overcrowding in classroom, the school should be supplied with pipe bore water
to solve the problem of drinking untreated water and the rules of hygiene
should be maintained in the preparation of food for the students.



CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background
of the study
          It
is universally understood that the health of school children deserves special
attention in order for them to derive maximum benefit from any educational
programme. The child must be healthy, physical, mentally and emotionally fit.
Students require energy to perform all their body activities, their energy
requirement is met from the food they eat.
          Adequate
nutrition is a vital factor essential to the nation as well as to individuals.
It is also well known that students at boarding school are exposed to a series
of danger, physically, injury, infection and emotional problems. School age is
a period during which the students are undergoing rapid, physical and mental
development. A healthy environment is require to provide the students with the
best opportunity of making the appropriate adjustment that are required during
this period.
          What
is illness? Illness is a poor health resulting from disease of body or mind,
sickness. It is a condition of being unhealthy in your body or mind, a specific
condition that prevent your mind or body from working. It is a word that is
used to refer to all diseases or period of sickness that has affected the body
and mind. This word is also used in reference to a state of poor health or
another word for ailment, malady or sickness.
          Common
illness among boarding school are mainly Headaches, stomache, Asthma, Diabetes,
cough, fever, catarrh, stuffy nose, sore throat, earpain, chest congestion,
scrabbles etc
          It
is a common knowledge which over considerable spread of common illness may be
among the major illness suffered by many school students nowadays. These had
leads to the backward of learning in school. The children suffered with this
type of illness above will not be able to stay in the school regularly.
          A
family consisting of father, mother and children living a bedroom apartment or
a hostel that consisting 12 people in a room and any of them comes in contact
with any of these common illness can easily transfer it to the others. Due to
the overcrowded and unclean environment they are exposed to, they become easy
victim of different kinds of illness we have some areas where houses were built
without enough space and of course many of these houses are poorly ventilated
with poor sanitation.
          Another
sources of illness is bad nutrition most students are poorly fed, for example
school authority do not bother to give the students cooked food which have good
nutritional
          In
the alternative, some parents give token amount of money to their children to
buy any if they are not satisfied with the one given in school. Worse still,
students do not care to buy any good food rather they buy cheap foods which
have no nutritional value.
          Poor
drainage is another factor which contributes to common illness. In some schools
the housekeeper and school authority don’t even care to make the adequate
provision for good drainage system. This makes the area of the school untidy
and extremely dirty. These area where mosquitoes  make their breeding place and other dangerous
insects that bites and causes the aforementioned common illness among school
students. When mosquitoes bites them for example they cause malaria, fever,
this malaria fever occur when a vector called female anopheles mosquito sucked
up an infected blood from a man and the blood contain the sporozoites, this is
one of the health hazards as a result of this, 
students whose body have been infected from house could easily transfer
it because some student will have catarrh and cough along with malaria and this
can easily be transferred to another students. The third party carries it
hosted for onward transmission to other person, afterwards it will then be
spreading all over the area.
          Apart
from all these illness mentioned above every classroom, at some stage, will
include a child who suffers from a chronic illness. This chronic illness could
be one of many and the impact it has, in the educational sense could be slight
or insignificant. The illness may has impact not only on the child involved but
also on the child’s family, classmates, teacher and school most especially on
learning. There are three particular chronic illness common among students.
          Asthma
is a chronic illness of great significant in Government College, Ikere-Ekiti.
It is a condition that makes breathing difficult. The lungs produce excess
amounts of mucus, there is mucosal swelling, construction of the airways, and
the muscles tighten. The airways become sensitive and highly reactive to
infection, exercise and triggers thing or condition that contribute to an
asthma episode.
          Even
though it is generally believed that asthma is one of the leading causes of
absenteeism from school, there are varying reports on the effect this illness
has no academic performance. Bethea (1998) states that asthma often interrupts
learning by distracting or keeping children away from school and that it can
cause embarrassment and anxiety to the point of decreased concentration, he
also believes that asthma medication can affect concentration and handwriting.
          Getch
and Neuharth-pritchett (1999) suggest that although these children may have a
higher degree of absenteeism, their school performance does not differ
significantly. They do however, acknowledge that other areas of child
development may be affected “Children with asthma are more likely to have experiences
with depression or withdrawal, lower self-esteem and levels of confidence and
feeling of inadequacy and helpless”. {Hamlet et al 1992, Maclean et al 1992,
cited in Getch and Neuharth Pritchett 1999) agreed  that there are greater risks for
psychological maladjustment in children who experience symptoms of chronic
physical disorders. It is important that teachers monitor evidence of these
psychological effects of asthma as they may lead to learning difficulties and
possibly further stress and anxiety’ which in turn may influence the frequency
and severity of asthmatic episodes.
          Another
chronic illness found in boarding house secondary schools is diabetes. Diabetes
is an auto immune illness that occurs in two forms: non insulin dependent
diabetes and insulin dependent diabetes, better known as juvenile diabetes. Although
students with diabetes may look or even act like other students in the
classroom they have health related issues and often require modifications of
their daily routine during the school day.
          Diabetes
can have significant effects on students in the classroom. some of these issues
are the need for a specific eating regime, testing of blood sugar levels, awareness
of time of day, and awareness of activity level during the day. It is believed
that diabetes does not affects student’s performance in the long run but may
affect learning on specific days. (Johnson et al 1992, cited in
Rosen-thal-Malek and Greespan 1999). Children with diabetes do not have a
higher incidence of learning problems but they may have problems with reading
or writing due to blurred vision or they may be thinking about how hungry or
how dizzy they are feeling (Rosen-thal-malk and Greespan, 1999).
          However,
reports reveal that these housing facilities, most of the time, fail to
consider students safety and welfare. This is anchored on the premise that the
physical and environmental components of these residential facilities could
affects students holistic well-being.
          Some
prominent illness of social students are as follows:
1.                
Malaria
2.                
Catarrh
3.                
Coughing
4.                
Headache
5.                
Stomachache
6.                
Typhoid
7.                
Fever
8.                
Scribes
9.                
Asthma
10.           
Diabetes
11.           
Stuffy nose
12.           
Sore throat
13.           
Ear pain
14.           
Chest congestion
All these illnesses mentioned above
cannot lead to effectiveness of learning ability, because any student found
been affected by such illness will not be able to pay attention in the
classroom learning situation.
Statement
Of The Problems
          Common
illness among boarding secondary students is a very important issue to be
accorded due to recognition and to the fact that the level of health of the
students to learning especially those who may be infected with illness will be
disabled in one area of learning or the other and it can also affect their
psychological and psychomotor domain. These common illnesses pose a problem
when the students get infected because they cannot bring effectiveness learning
situation.
Objectives
Of The Study
          This
study aims at investigating the factors that lead to health problems among
boarding schools students considering the poor health condition of many
boarding secondary schools, one wonders which of these conditions is
responsible for the predicament.
          This
study will help to identify common illness peculiar to the children in the
secondary school, known their causes, the effect, solution and prevention.
          Teacher
will be able to administer the necessary, prevention or caution in each causes
of illness depending of the seriousness.
Significance
of the study
          The
significance of the study is that, it help teachers to recognize the causes and
effect of these common illness among boarding school students as well as how to
take these diseases. It also help teacher to know how to deal or handle
students so that the effective learning will not be inhibited. To know the preventive
measure that we can take in preventing these illness among the boarding
secondary school students
Purpose
of the study
          The
main purpose of this study aims to established the current conditions of
College students in boarding house and dormitories specially, it is findings
hope to formulate a specific set of guild lines on boarding houses operation
and regulations in the town and school.
Research
Questions
1                  
What are the common illness among the
student in all the various schools in Ikere Local Government Area?
2                  
What are the preventive measures against
outbreak of common illness?
CHAPTER
TWO
REVIEW
OF RELATED LITERATURE
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