This study investigate women
education and its impact on political and economic development of Nigeria: A
case study of Ado-Ekiti Local Government Area, Ekiti State. A descriptive
research of the survey type was adopted for the study. Questionnaire was
designed and used to collected data from sample of hundred (100) literate and
semi literate women in Ado Local Government that were randomly selected. Data
collected were analyzed using frequency counts and percentage scores. Findings
revealed that women education contributes immensely to the political and
economic development of a Nigeria. Education goes along way in shaping the
political and economic beliefs and attitudes of women by passing requisite
political and economic value to succeeding generations. Recommendations were
made on how to enhance women education directly towards political and economic
development of a Nigeria.

Title page                                                                             
Table of Contents                                                                          
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction                                                     
Background of the study                                                                 
Statement of the problem                                                                 
Research questions                                                                         
Objectives of the study                                                          
Significance of the study                                                                
Delimitation of the study                                                                 
Definition of terms                                                                         
CHAPTER TWO: Review of Related
Concept of Education                                                            
Concept of Politics                                                                 
Concept of Economy                                                             
Concept of Development                                                         
Summary of the Literature                                                     
CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology                                    
 Research Design                                                                    
Population of the study                                                                   
Research Instrument                                                               
Validity of Research Instrument                                             
Administration of Research Instrument                                 
Data Analysis                                                                         
CHAPTER FOUR: Results and Discussion                                   
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion
& Recommendation

Background of the Study
Globally, the history of impact of
women education of political and economic development of a Nigeria had been
predicated on struggles, women were traditionally perceived and treated as
subordinates, inferior and weaker sex, yet they were regarded as an integral
part of men that would build the world together.
This traditional view relegated women
to the back ground and prevented them from contributing to and benefiting from
Studies over time have revealed that
education is the most potent instrument for the emancipation of any group of
people, Azikwe (1992), United Nations Information Centre (2000), Sambo (2000)
opinioned that mental freedom can only be guaranteed by an effective system.
This view was further crystallized by Okeke (1995), when she observed that
education is a sure pathway to the liberation of mind and the improvement of
socio-economic status of people. History, 
the world over is repelled with the achievement of men folk and their
contributions to the development processes and from time immemorial, the
position of women in the structure of society has never been considered on the
same plain as that of men, they have been regarded as a second fiddle. It is on
this believe that Ker (1999), argued that women all over the world have been
categorized under the disadvantage groups of people and society itself has
systematically and consistently pursued the socialization of women into
accepting the notion of disadvantaged group.
Since creation, women have been endowed
with gift which identified them as a group with the most important and
essential tools and ingredients necessary for nation building in the
traditional society, before the introduction of formal education, high premium
placed them in conspicuous and important position.
In the family setting, women are
looked upon as people of wisdom though, they are not as powerful like their
male counterparts.
Osiruemu (2004), reported that the
traditional African society sees the women within the realm of domesticity,
hence the women is measured only by her power in child bearing/rearing and in
the domestic front. This being the case, the man is the only one saddled with
the responsibility of meeting the economic demands of the family. It can be
stated that, at a time when women should be acquiring skills that would ensure
their effective participation in the labour force, they are pre occupied with
child bearing and rearing, since there are hardly any facility to take care of
the children while the women go to work.
Oruwari (1996), Opined that female
adolescents trends to commence sexual activities earlier than boys and these
sexual activities often have critical consequences which tend to be more
serious for girls than boys.
When sexual activities result in
pregnancy, there are more negative consequences for the female the male. Girls
are expelled from school and often their education is terminated. Fewer women
than men applicants gain admission, observation revealed that the lower rate of
school completion and fewer entrant into universities on the part of women have
direct influence on  the status of women
in society, in terms of the job they do and the role they perform.
Adelabu and Adepoju (2007), reported
that socio-cultural problems also hinder full participation of girls in
schooling. When funds are limited in the family, preference is given are to the
education of boys over girls while girls are made to run errands at home and
also as care givers in the family. Other socio-cultural problems include harmful
traditional practices that affect girls emotionally, such as early marriage and
in some cases, religious constraints which prevent girls from aspiring to
higher status and boys. There are often issues such as unwanted pregnancies,
which often lead to girls dropping. The high incidence of premarital sex also
hampered the education of girls more than boys. Parents who despite all the
odds against women education risked educating their girls, did so under tension
and stress. It was a period of fear and anxiety for such parents and was open
to public criticism and discouragement by the unwilling parents.
Despite all the regulatory taboos
imposed on women, few of the educated girls waded through the tempest and
emerged professionals in their own fields. These few serve us impetuous for the
unwilling daughters and parents. They now compete favourably with their male
counterparts. Then the slogan “what a man can do, a women can do it better”
emerged. The traditional belief that sees women as an appendages to men is been
challenged. There is the awareness that women are needed as much as men, if
only to maintain the family setting.
About a decade ago, Nigerian women
have tried to make some marks in their chosen professions. Today in Nigeria,
women are saddled with great responsibilities. Such women as prof. Dora
Akunyili, Dr. Ndi Okereke Oniyiuke, Mrs. Ibru and others.
Statement of the Problems
Many authors and
researchers have written a lot on the impact of women education on economic and
political development of a nation but, there is no genuine data on which
inference could be made. The barriers to girls.
Alagbe (2007), observed
that until quite recently, women did  not
have the type of education that would enable them to participate at high
management level of the economy. Closely tied to lack of self-confidence and a
certain reluctant to aspire to such high level of administration, if the issue
of inferiority complex. Women do not accept leadership or risk. They failed to
understand that the world belongs to them as well as the men. such inferiority
complex is reinforced by the patriarchal system. Attempts to get to the top by
the women are frustrated and met with resistance in a male dominated STRUCTURE.
Socio-cultural factors,
which encourage early marriage, plurality of children, and excessive dependence
on the men for support in the absence of access to education and income
generating activities, have weighted women down and constituted a serious
handicap to any spirited efforts to improve their lot.
Generally, female
adolescents tend to commence sexual activities earlier than boys (Oruwari
1996). These sexual activities often have critical consequences which tends to
be more serious for girls than boys (Osiruemu, 1995). When sexual activities
result in pregnancy, there are more negative consequences for the female than
the for male, girls are expelled from school and often their education is
One distinct fact about
women’s education in Nigeria is that fewer women apply for universities as a
result fewer of them completing secondary school education. Fewer women than
men applicants gain admission. Observation revealed that the lower rate of
school completion and fewer entrants into Universities on the part women have
direct influence on the status of women in society in terms of job they do and
the role they perform.
Poverty and economic issues,
with 70% of the population living below the poverty line, girls are often sent
to generate income for families by selling wares in the market or in the street.
Cultural and religious
biases, many Nigerian parents especially in large families with limited
resources, enroll boys in school instead of both boys and girls. Some parents
also keep their daughters out of school due to misinterpretation of the tenets
of Islamic religion.
Adelabu and Adepoju
(2007) identified the gender gap in higher education as a great influence on
the effective participation and sustainable development by women. As opined by
Adelabu and Adepoju, Education empowers women, and it is believed that if your
educate a woman, you educate the nation. Educating girls carries with it a wide
range of benefit.
Education of girls
reduces poverty, promotes sustainable development and ensure the human right of
all citizens. An educated woman is empowered socially, economically and
Research Question
gender inequality be frowned at in Ado Local Government?
Should formal and informal education of female population be given
priority attention in Ado Local Government?
Do you agree that opportunities should be given to women to participate
in politics in Ado Local Government??
Is there any difference between the educated men and women in Ado Local
Should women be allowed to vote and be voted for in Ado Local Government?
Objective of the Study
With reference to the problems
earlier stated in this work, the object of this study is to investigated the
women are given the opportunity to participate effectively in Nigerian economic
and politics of Ado Local Government.
To find out if lack of adequate education is the major constraint to
women participation in economy and politics in Ado Local Government
Significance of the Study
The significance of this study is to
bring to the awareness of women in having the right attitude towards education.
It would also help to established whether it is worthy for individuals and
government to educate their girls-child.
The study is also considered as
significant, because it will be an eye opener for people especially women to
put in their effort in the area of the political and economic development to
help educated women that they should not be made to play the second fiddles in
all sphere of life.
Delimitation of the Study
This study is delimited to Ado-Ekiti
Local Government Area of Ekiti State. However, only educated and illiterate
women were random selected both from the rural and urban areas of the local
government area.
Definition of Terms
In this study, the researcher made
use of some terms which are considered necessary to be operationally defined.
Such terms includes:
Women: An adult female human being
Education: A process of teaching, training and
learning especially in schools or colleges, to improve knowledge and develop
Impact: It is an effect either functional
or dysfunctional
Political: This is connected with the state
government or public affairs
Economics: It is the study of how a society
organizes its money, trade and industry
Development: This is the gradual growth of a
Nation: This is a community of people
composed of one or more nationalities with its won territory and government
(Webster’s New encydopedia Dictionary)


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