ASSESSING THE EXTENT OF PRACTICAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES IN SELECTED SCIENCES SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKITI STATE

ASSESSING THE EXTENT OF PRACTICAL AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES IN SELECTED SCIENCES SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKITI STATE 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page                                                                                       
Approval Page                                                                               
Certification                                                                                   
Dedication                                                                                        
Acknowledgement                                                                     
Table of Contents                                                                            
Abstract                                                                                        
List of Tables                                                                                
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction                                                                                           
Background of the Study                                                                           
Statement of the Problem                                                                         
Purpose of the Study                                                                      
Significance of the Study                                                                      
Research Question                                                                         
Delimitation of the Study                                                                          
Limitation of the study                                                                    
Assumption of the study                                                                           
Definition of Terms                                                                        
CHAPTER TWO
Review of Literature                                                                       
CHAPTER THREE
Methodology                                                                                 
Research Design                                                                           
Area of the Study                                                                           
Sample of the Study                                                                            
Instrument of Data Collection                                                                  
Validation of the Instrument                                                            
Administration of the Instrument                                                    
Data Analysis Techniques                                                               
CHAPTER FOUR
Presentation and Analysis of Data                                                   
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary, Conclusion and
Recommendation                                  
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                      
Implication of the Study
Recommendation                                                                           
Reference                                                                                         
Questionnaire                                                                               



LIST OF TABLES
Tables
1.                
Method
used in teaching agriculture in secondary schools
2.                
The
facilities needed for teaching learning practical agriculture
3.                
Practical
activities needed by the student
4.                
The
length of time needed for practical
5.                
The
personnel to be involved in teaching practical



ABSTRACT
The study focused on assessing the
extent of practical agricultural practices in selected sciences secondary
schools in Ekiti State. Questionnaires were administered
to students and teachers of agriculture science in sampled sciences secondary
schools and collected by hand. The sample of the study consisted of sixty-four
respondents. Sixty student and four teachers. The data collected was analyzed
percentage means and frequency. The method of teaching agriculture in secondary
schools include role playing, project method and problem solving facilities
needed for teaching practical agriculture include school farm, farmland,
poultry farm, labouratory practical activities needed by the student include
activities in general agriculture identification of farm tools and their uses.
The length of time need for practical range from an hour to two hours. The
personnel to be involved in teaching practical agriculture are N.C.E Holder,
and B.Sc Holder. The following recommendation are made for the finding of this
study. Government should provide financial support to the school so that they
can purchase modern tools and equipment and other farm tools needed for
effective agriculture production. Activities in soil and animal science should
be for student by teachers of agriculture. School farm should be used for
teaching agriculture skill during practical rather than for punishing student.
Student should be given shares from the farm produce for encouragement. School
should organized agricultural week where agricultural produce from the farm
would be exhibited and probably sold to the public for financial purpose.

CHAPTER ONE
Background of the Study
Practical in Agriculture centre much
on food production. Practical Agriculture carried out either on the field/farm
or in laboratories all gear toward food production for man, feed for livestock
and raw materials for industries
Agriculture being one of the oldest
industries has its origin traced to the earlier human societies who depended on
the collection of wild fruits, roots and cutting grass for bush meat for food.
As time went on domestication of crop become the order of the day which is the
beginning of modern agriculture.
Agriculture occupies a strategies
position in the social economics and political development of any nation. A
nation that cannot feed its citizen is not only weak but has no basis for
continued existence.
It is the responsibility of the
school to train the youth with various skills involved in profitable farming
for them to become future literate farmers who will be able to understand and
adopt new innovation in farming. Inspite of all the effort of government to
train literate farmers the problem of food scarcity in Nigeria lingers
on the literate farmers do not want to engage in farming.
The external debt owned to other
countries by Nigeria
accumulated mostly become of food important and if those debts are to be paid,
Nigerian must improve on practical agriculture. However Nigeria is primarily an agriculturally endowed
country, but the most challenging task in Nigeria today is to increase food
production so as to meet the ever-increasing food demand.
Several farming programmes were carried
out in Nigeria.
However the Ondo and Ekiti State Programme / Agricultural Development project
Niger Agriculture project, the North-West group farming scheme and other have
all been reported as possessing a poor level of effectiveness.
Ogunrinde (1983) ask about the where
about of graduate of agricultural programmes run by the different institution.
He wondered why a significant proportion of the graduate do not go into
agriculture production.
A critical look at the way teaching
and learning of agricultural science is being handle in secondary schools,
reveals that the teaching of the subject is not handled in such ways to
encourage the student to take it up as a vocation. Farm practical, is an aspect
of great importance in the learning of agricultural science and yet this aspect
has not been adequately addressed in the school curriculum required practical
skill are not the target of student. This is clearly evident in the poor
attitude of student taking up farming as a means of livelihood coupled with
their poor understanding of fundamental concept in practical agriculture. It is
also one of the major causes of student under achievement in agricultural
science.
The introduction of agricultural
science into Nigerian schools was a step toward meeting food needs of the
people.
The essence of the introduction of
agricultural science into secondary school is to equip the student with the
right attitude, methods and techniques of modern agriculture so as to increase
agriculture productivity and provide raw materials for agro-owed industries.
Statement of the Problem
The general low performance of
student in agricultural science in the school certificate examination in the
state is of great concern to all educational. The science secondary schools in Ekiti State,
however were established to produce science student thoroughly groomed in both
theory and practical, it is therefore important to assess the practical
activities to which these science students are exposed and determine the
adequacy.               
Purpose of the Study
The major purpose of this study is to
asses the extent of practical agriculture practice in science secondary school
in Ekiti State.
To achieve this aim the following
specific object are set out:
1.                
Identify
methods used in teaching practical agriculture in secondary schools.
2.                
Determine
facilities needed for teaching learning practical activities in secondary
schools.
3.                
Determines
practical activities needed by the student
4.                
Determine
length of time needed for practical
5.                
Identify
personnel to be involved in teaching practical etc.
Significance of the Study
In order to understand the principle
and application of the knowledge gained in science subject, practical
experience is very achieve the desired learning resect.
This study is very important in the
sense that it provides way of assessing practical agriculture in schools, it
also help to determines number and quality of equipment and tools available for
the student to use in practical agriculture. It help to investigate the
attitude of the student toward practical agriculture and also reveals the role
of school head and government in assessing practical agriculture in science
secondary schools as well as create their areas for future interest researchers
in the field.
Research Question
The research question for this study
are as follows:
1.                
What
are the method used in teaching practical agriculture in secondary schools?
2.                
What
are the facilities needed for teaching learning practical agriculture in
secondary schools?
3.                
What
are the practical activities needed by the students?
4.                
What
are the length of time needed for practical?
5.                
Who
are the personnel to be involved in teaching practical etc?
Delimitation of the Study
This study focuses on the assessing
the extent of practical agriculture practices in science secondary schools.
The researcher try to look at various
method of teaching practical agriculture and also problem militating against
the extent of practical agriculture in science secondary schools.
Limitation of the Study
The study was limited to three
schools due to having of three science secondary schools in Ekiti State.
The questionnaire was administered by
hand there by consuming much time to complete the collection of data.
Assumption of the Study
1.                
It
is assumed the population selected is a representative of the general
population
2.                
It
is also assumed that the questionnaire items are understandable by the
respondents
3.                
It
is assumed that majority of the teacher administered questionnaire are matured
to give accurate response to the questionnaire
4.                
It
is assumed that the result of the finding could be generalized to other science
secondary schools not caused by this study.
Definition of Terms
1.                
Agriculture Science:- Is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses
the parts of exact, natural, economic and social science that are used in the
practice and understanding of agriculture.
2.                
Agriculture:- Is the cultivation of animals plant, fungi and other life form for food,
fiber drug and others product used to sustain and enhance human life.
3.                
Farm Practical: Agricultural practical
concerning the raising or growing of plant and animals
4.                
Equipment:- These include movable apparatus such as machines,
book, handbooks, mode charts which aid learning but not consumable
5.                
Assessing:
Decide the amount or value of estimate the worth or likehood.
6.                
Facilities:- These are fixed, non-movable apparatus such as farm lands, livestock
house laboratories, that are necessary for enhancing the teacher learning
process
7.                
Field Trip:
A planned visit to place outside the regular classroom to obtain information
directly and study real situation .
8.                
Vocation Skill:-  Skill required as a result of
undergoing a vocational training
9.                
Supervised Practice:- This involves groups of pupils under the supervision of the
teacher learning to improve individual proficiency on skills or to solve a
problem or extend their knowledge of subject. 



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