ANASSESSMENT OF POLICIES AND SERVICES PROVISION TO THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED USERS OF SOME SELECTED ACADEMIC LIBRARIES IN EKITI STATE

  AN ASSESSMENT OF POLICIES AND SERVICES PROVISION TO THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED USERS OF SOME SELECTED ACADEMIC LIBRARIES IN EKITI STATE
ABSTRACT
This study was on policies and
services provision to the physically challenged users of some selected academic
libraries in Ekiti State The study covered the following areas:
Disability
policy Standard, Policy Guideline for the visually impaired, Example of
academic libraries with disability policy, Common features in disabilities
Policy around the world, The Physically Challenged (Differently Able) and their
information need, Effect of Library building and facilities on the physically
challenged, Adaptive Technology for the physically challenged, Library services
for the physically challenged and Essential features in developing library
services for the physically challenged. The study consist of three research
questions. The study adopted case study methodology to assess the opinion of
five heads of academic libraries under study which constituted the research
population. However, the research question were subjected to descriptive
analysis involving tables and percentages. The findings revealed that were no
disability policy in most (80%) academic libraries in Ekiti and there were no
special resources for the physically challenged users as well. The study also
revealed that some library buildings were of multiple storey’s without adequate
facilitates for the physically challenge to navigate through the libraries.
This finding differs from ALA Disability Policy Principle and Standard for all
libraries in the world. The researcher recommended among others that
Academic library policy must be
redesign to include disability resources and services in conformity with ALA
standard, Library management should create a disability liaison office on the
ground floor of their multiple story buildings and affiliate such office with
any library for the disable across the country for resource sharing and
Specially trained library staff to be employed to assist and monitor physically
challenged users in the library.
 TABLE OF
CONTENT
Title page                                                                               
Certification                                                                  
Dedication                                                                    
Acknowledgement                                                         
Abstract                                                                        
Table of content
                                                           
CHAPTER ONE:
INTRODUCTION 
Background of
the study                                               
Historical
background  of Akure Local Government       
The towns                                                                    
Administrative
set-up                                                    
Personnel
management department                                
Agricultural and
natural resources department             
Library service                                                          
Primary
education                                                     
Secondary school
                                                    
Market
development                                                  
Financial and
revenue generation of Akure Local Government
of the
study                                                           
Scope of the
study                                                
Significance of
the study                                        
Methodology                                                         
Hypothesis                                                            
Definition of
terms.                                                
Research
question                                                 
References                                                            
CHAPTER TWO
Literature
Review                                                   
CHAPTER THREE:
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Area of the
study                                                   
Population of
the study                                          
Sample and
sampling techniques                            
Method of data
collection/instrument                      
Instrument of
data collection                                  
Method of Data
Analysis                                       
CHAPTER FOUR
General
background of respondent                        
CHAPTER FIVE
:SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary                                                        
5.2 Conclusion                                                     
3
Recommendation                                               
5.4 Suggestion
for further study                             
REFERENCE                                                    
APPENDIX                                                                             
        CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.0           
 Background
Of The Study
Government
has been severally defined in terms of process, an institution or as a field of
study, there are concerned with government as a process of or art of
governances. Government is not only a field of academic study or an institution
of the state; it is also an art of governing (Okoli, 1998).
Government as an institution of
the state is made up several components one of which is government itself, as
an institution of the estate. A government is divided into three areas namely
the legislature (law maker), the executive is responsible for carrying out the
laws while the judiciary take charge of interpreting of the law.
There
are three levels of government, federal state and local government. The local
government area is the last and the third tier of government in any country
whether capitalist, socialist or even a mixed economy. The creation of local
government was borne out of the desire to bring government and development
nearer or closer to grass root among other expected roles of functions.
It is
difficult if not impossible for any state to administer successfully all
function of government through the central organ of the state. It then means
that there must be a local body conversant with local needs and problems
The
studies of local government boast of many scholars like M.P. Barbas, Ronald
wrath, Oyeleye to mention few.
According
to Barbas, some degree of local government characterizes every state in the
world and the significant point is not the mere existence of local government,
but the degree of such local power. To him, local government means authority to
determine and to execute matter within a restricted area inside smaller than
the whole state.
According
to official handbook of the reforms of local government of 1976 defined local
government as: government at the local level exercised through representative
council, established by law to exercise specific powers within defined area.
The UNO
office for public administration defines local government thus: as a political
subdivision of a nation or (in a federal system) state which is constituted by
law and has substantial control over local affairs, including the power to
impose taxes or exact labour for prescribed purpose.
Development
includes distribution issues, no matter how developed a country is, if only
small segment of the population benefit, development has not taken place.
Although economists have supported this idea of equality, it does not depend
upon economic basis in the long run, economic development stimulated by
increasing human resources in a country.
1.1                       
 Statement
Of The Problem
The provision of educational
facilities is crucial to bringing education to the doorstep of all. The
nation’s literacy rate is estimated as 52% (Oyinloye, 2002). This rate is far
below the 100% canvassed for in the 1990 Declaration. It has therefore become
imperative for government and other stakeholders in the education sector to
have first-hand information on the inventory of educational facilities and
their distribution in any political region in the country for the sake of
ensuring equity and fair-play in the distribution of these facilities. Under
Section 18(1) and (3) of the 1999 Constitution of federal republic of Nigeria
government is enjoined to provide free and compulsory basic education with a
view to ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at
all levels. It is also necessary to note that the United Nations Millennium
Declaration of September 2000 came up with eight (8) Millennium Development
Goals (MDGs). The MDG number 2 is set to achieve Universal Primary Education
latest for all by the year 2015. The basis for achieving these goals is not
mere ensuring the provision of educational facilities alone, but such facilities
must be equitably distributed in order to reach out to the hitherto neglected
rural population.
This study therefore focuses on
the role of educational in the region for two main reasons. Firstly, is the
reliability of sources of data on the public schools which are guaranteed than
that of the private schools that are dominated by quacks. Secondly, is to
provide a policy guide for the state government that places priority attention
on education as one of its political agenda. The non-equitable distribution of
educational facilities in Akure region has been identified in this study; a
region which serves as a mirror of the situations in other regions in the
country. Therefore, the study utilized regional planning approach to suggest
equitable distribution of educational facilities in the region.
1.2     
 Objective
Of The Study
This
research work is borne out of the need to examine the role of local government
in educational development especially in Akure Local Government area basically
this project focus its attention on.
2.0           
Examining the role of Akure Local
Government in educational development.
3.0           
Investigation and determining the
problem hindering the local government from achieving its expected role of
educational development
4.0           
The possible solution.
1.3 Research
Question
For this
study, the following research questions are formulated.
5.0           
What are the problems faced by the local
government in its role in developing education in the grass root?
6.0           
What are the roles played by government
to improve education in Akure local government?
7.0           
What can be done to overcome the problem
face by local government in developing the area in terms of education?

 1.4           
Assumption Of The Study
2       
The
role of Education in National Development
3       
The contribution of education in the
development of Akure Local Government
4       
There are several challenges militating
against education in Akure
 1.5           
 Significance
Of The Study
This
study is significant in that it exposes the view of the masses on expected role
of government educational development especially in Akure local government
area. The study equally brings to light the problems and causes of poor
development policies or programme of the local government authority.
In
addition this study is significant in that it makes suggestion on possible
solution and ways of achieving rapid and sustainable educational development
area by the local government area.
 1.6          
Research 
Methodology
The study will employ the use of descriptive statistics. The primary data
and secondary source of data would be appropriate means of eliciting
information from the respondent in the area of study through the help of the
questionnaires. One hundred questionnaires would be designed in respect of
getting information for the study, and the method of data analysis would the
chi-square. Also, interview would be conducted with groups of students to know
the role of education in national development.
1.7           
 Scope
Of The Study
The study frame work will cover the role of education in national
development. Since it will be difficult to carried out the study in all the
tertiary institutions in Nigeria,
Akure Local government was selected to be the study area.
Akure
Local Government has significant roles to play in educational development
prudent leadership and adequate funding of Akure Local Government Area will not
result in rapid development in the area.
That
Akure local government has not lived up to expectation and that the effort to
improve on the role of government in education area is very low to effectively
check the menace.
That
effective development in educational area and management is not adequately
pursued.
 1.8           
 Limitation
Of The Study
The
research limited her investigation to Akure Local Government Are in carrying out this study; the limitation that is imminent
and obvious is the non-disclosure of the official secret usually refers as
government gazette by the institution visited. Another limitation is the
unwilling attitude of respondents particularly students on answering or
responding to questionnaires as they usually request for financial inducement.
Another limitation to the study is the indisposition of respondents to the
interview and discussion.
The above listed and aforementioned challenges overcome by dialogue with
relevant institutions and agencies to get the necessary information that is
need for the study. In addition, the respondents were made  to know that the purpose of the study was
enhance further study lies not  for money
making avenue or profit oriented endure, they were therefore encourage to offer
their contrition willingly without expecting financial gains.
1.9       
Definition Of The Terms
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