AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES 
CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
The differential scholastic achievement of students in Nigeria has
been and is still a source of concern  and
research interest to educators, government and parents. This is so because of
the great importance that education has on the national development of the
country. All over the country, there is a consensus of opinion about the fallen
standard of education in Nigeria
(Adebule, 2004). Parents and government are in total agreement that their huge
investment on education is not yielding the desired dividend. Teachers also
complain of students’ low performance at both internal and external examination.
The annual releases of Senior Secondary Certificate Examination results (SSCE) conducted
by West African Examination Council (WAEC) justified the problematic nature and
generalization of poor secondary school students’ performance in different
school subjects Poor academic performance according to Aremu (2003) is a
performance that is adjudged by the examinee/testee and some other significant
as falling below an expected standard. Poor academic performance has been
observed in school subjects especially mathematics and English language among secondary
school students (Adesemowo, 2005). Aremu (2000) stresses that academic failure
is not only frustrating to the students and the parents, its effects are
equally grave on the society in terms of dearth of manpower in all spheres of
the economy and politics. Education at secondary school level is supposed to be
the bedrock and the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary
institutions. It is an investment as well as an instrument that can be used to
achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, scientific and
cultural development in the country. The National Policy on Education (2004)
stipulated that secondary education is an instrument for national development
that fosters the worth and development of the individual for further education
and development, general development of the society and equality of educational
opportunities to all Nigerian children, irrespective of any real or marginal
disabilities.
The role of secondary education is to lay the foundation for
further education and if a good foundation is laid at this level, there are
likely to be no problem at subsequent levels. However, different people at
different times have passed the blame of poor performance in secondary school
to students because of their low retention, parental factors, association with
wrong peers, low achievement, low retention, low achievement motivation and the
likes (Aremu & Sokan, 2003; Aremu & Oluwole 2001; Aremu, 2000).
Morakinyo (2003) believe that the falling level of academic
achievement is attributable to teacher’s non-use of verbal reinforcement strategy.
Others found out that the attitude of some teachers to their job is reflected
in their poor attendance to lessons, lateness to school, unsavory comments about
student’s performance that could damage their ego, poor method of teaching and
the likes affect pupils’ academic performance.
The
academic performance of secondary school students in the West African
Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) has taken a
dramatic decline in recent times. This poor performance cuts across all
subjects including Economics. There is no gainsaying that the purpose of
teaching is to facilitate learning such that the students will be able to
achieve high academic performance in examinations. For teachers of Economics,
it is important that they understand and appreciate the determinants of their
students’ performance in the subject. This knowledge will help the teachers to
organize the teaching and learning process such that the students will achieve
high performance in Economics. The fact remains that there can be no excellent
academic performance without effective teaching and learning. It has been
established among Psychologists that a number of factors determine the ability
of the students. Some of these factors include; the learning environment, the
competence of the teacher, motivation, the interest of the students to mention
but a few.
Numerous studies
have analyzed the factors behind the performance of students. Identifying the
variables that influence the academic performance of students at school is of
great importance for two reasons. On one hand, it is an essential tool for the
public authorities in charge of definition of optimal and efficient education
policies. On the other hand, this kind of analysis can help the educational
institutions to improve the quality of their programmes (Awa, 2003) cited in
Issah (2009).
Statement of the Problem
The benefits of
studying business study cannot be over emphasized, as such, when students fail
or perform poorly in business study in the 
examination; they lose the opportunity to fully enjoy these benefits.
The question therefore is what are
the factors affecting students performance in Business Studies? Is the fault
entirely that of teachers or students or both of them? Is it that students of
today are non-achievers because they have low intelligent quotient and a good
neutral mechanism to be able to act purposefully, think rationally and deal
effectively with academic tasks? Or is it because teachers are no longer
putting in much commitment as before? Or is it 
in teachers’ method of teaching and interaction with pupils? Or is the
poor performance of students caused by parents’ neglect, separation and
poverty? The present study therefore sought to find out the causes of poor
student performance in business studies in junior secondary schools in Oye
local government area of Ekiti state. 
Purpose of the Study
The broad objective of this study is
to find out factors affect  students poor
performance in business study in some selected junior secondary schools in oye local government area of Ekiti state.
The specific objective is to;
1.                 
Determine
the  relationship between teacher
commitment to teaching and work habit and the performance of student in
business studes
2.                 
Find
out if teacher qualification and teaching environment affect  the performance of students in business
studies?
3.                 
Investigate
if  availability and uses of teaching and
learning materials have effect on  performance of students in business studies
4.                 
Find
out the factors affecting  students poor performance
in business studies in Oye local
government area
.
Researcher Question
This study thus attempts to find
answers to the under mentioned research questions and find out where the
problem lies:
5.                 
Is
there any relationship between teacher commitment to teaching and work habit
and the performance of student in business studes
6.                 
Is
there any relationship between teacher qualification and teaching environment
and the performance of students in business studies?
7.                 
Is
there any relationship between availability and uses of teaching and learning
materials and the performance of students in business studies
8.                 
What
are the major factors affecting  students
poor performance in business studies in Oye
local government area
.
Research Hypothesis
The following null hypothesis will be
tested at 0.05 level of significant
1.                 
There
is no significant relationship between teacher commitment to teaching and work
habit and the performance of student in business studes
2.                 
there
is no significant relationship between teacher qualification and teaching
environment and the performance of students in business studies
3.                 
 There is no significant relationship
between availability and uses of teaching and learning materials and the
performance of students in business studies
4.                 
Scope of the Study
This study is limited in
scope to the  factors affecting  low performance of secondary school student in
Business studies in Oye Local Government
in Ekiti-State.
      The finding of this study will focus on the factors affecting
low performance in business studies in Junior secondary school in Oye Local
Government in Ekiti-State. Two selected secondary schools and 25 student each
from the selected secondary schools will be used for the study.
            Significance of the
study
            Although,
the new national policy on education in Nigeria emphasized on business
education and other skill subject, business studies at secondary school is not
effectively implemented.
            It
is hoped that the finding of this study will make education authorities to give
attention to business education programme. Also the findings and recommendation
will provide useful information for the causes of low performance in business
studies by business education teachers and principals of secondary schools
improving plan for implementing business education programme.
            In
addition, it will serve as a useful guide to guidance, counselors, parents,
teachers and principals in advising the students on choice of future career in
the field of business.
Operational Definition of Terms
v Teacher commitment: Teacher commitment is the who may be seen as the pivot of the
transmission of knowledge can be effective if he or she learns and applies all
of the teaching principles and method that make a teacher as professional and
competent enough to knowledge in any given field of discipline.
v Availability of teaching aids:
Teaching aids are objects which helps teachers to make lesson clearer and fully
expressed to students. They also transmit information, ideas and roles to
student in such a way that will modify their attitudes habit good example of
teaching aids.
v Parental Involvement in school: Ability to give quality education to students to produce
encouraging academic performance largely depends on parents, teachers, other
educational stakeholders.
v Teacher Qualification: These are teachers who have acquired advance education and
special training in teaching. This includes holders of bachelor degree higher
national diploma.
v Motivation:
Teachers should be able to know individual difference, interest and abilities
in orders to known how to motivate the learners.
v Vocational education is any form of education whose primary purpose is to prepare people for
employment in recognized occupation.
v Business studies: Is the study of the vocational activities working to be sense of the
student on how to be self independent.     
v Commercial education: It is a discipline that taught in secondary schools.
The subjects are business
studies, typewriting, shorthand, commerce and accounts.

online payment nigeria HOW TO ORDER FOR COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

STEP 1

Complete Project Price: ₦3,000 (We accept mobile tranfer)

» Bank Branch Deposits, ATM/online transfers (Amount: ₦3,000 NGN)

Bank: FIRST BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 3116913871 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 OR Click Here

Bank: ACCESS BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 0766765735 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here

Bank: HERITAGE BANK Account Name: OMOOGUN TAIYE Account Number: 1909068248 Account Type: SAVINGS Amount: ₦3,000 AFTER PAYMENT, TEXT YOUR TOPIC AND VALID EMAIL ADDRESS TO 07064961036 OR 08068355992 Click Here

STEP 2.

Send Your Details and Project topic To us by filling this form.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*


17 − = 9