AN ASSESSMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL EXAMINATION IN BUSINESS STUDIES

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Pages
Title Pages                                                                                     
Certification                                                                                              
Dedication                                                                                        
Acknowledgement                                                                                     
Table of Contents                                                                            
Abstract                                                                                           
CHAPTER ONE:                   INTRODUCTION                                   
Background Information to
the Study                                                       
Statement of the Study                                                                 
Purpose of the Study                                                                       
Research Questions                                                                          
Significance of the Study                                                                          
Scope of the Study                                                                                    
Definition of the Terms                                                                    
CHAPTER TWO:        REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE       
Concepts of Assessment                                                                           
Type of Assessment                                                                         
Feature of Assessment                                                                     
Concept of Business
Studies                                                            
Principle of Teaching
Business Studies                                           
Factors Influencing
Students Performance                                        
Teaching Technique                                                                         
The Home and Student
Performance                                                
The School Administrative
Policy                                                   
Over Crowing                                                                                  
Government and Student
Performance                                            
Products of the System
Lacked                                                                
CHAPTER THREE:    RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY            
Research Design                                                                               
Population of the Study                                                                   
Sample and Sampling
Technique                                                     
Research Instrument                                                                       
Validity of the Instrument                                                               
Reliability of the
Instrument                                                             
Administration of the
Instrument                                                    
Method of Data Analysis                                                                          
CHAPTER FOUR:       DATA
ANALYSIS                                   
CHAPTER FIVE:        SUMMARY,
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION                                   
Summary                                                                                         
Conclusion                                                                                       
Recommendation                                                                             
Reference                                                                                         
Questionnaire                                                                                   
ABSTRACTS
The study
assessed the secondary school student’s performance in junior studies in Ikere
Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
 The chapter one of this projects deals with
the background information to the study, statement of the problem, purpose of
the study research questions, significance of the study, research hypothesis,
delimitation of the study and definition of terms.
Chapter two deals with
literature review and was carried out in many aspect. While chapter three deals
with the research design, population of the study, sample and sampling technique,
research instrument, validity of the instrument, reliability of the instrument,
administration of the instrument and method of data analysis.
Finally,
Chapter four presents the analysis of data and their results based on the
research question formulated. Chapter five also summaries, the important and
problems that associated with revenue generation in Local Government,
conclusion and recommendations was focused on the problems revenue collection.
 CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF THE STUDY
Revenue
collection is one of the basic sources of income to Local Government. The word
“Revenue” according to oxford advanced dictionary of current English means
income, especially the total annual income of the state government department
which collect money for public funds while the official handbook defines Local
Government at local level, exercised through representative councils
established by land to exercise specific power within defined act.
In the
official handbooks of the reform of Local Government introduced by the Federal
Government. It is the belief of government that is only through effective
revenue collection that can male Local Government to develop.
It is hoped
that every state of Nigeria will benefit from the continue prosperity of the
country through the availability of amenities, such as electricity, adequate
water supply improved transportation, health care facilities to mention a few.
To achieve the
objectives, Local Government will require large financial resources. The
purpose of raising revenue in Local Government and has constitutional power to
collect ranges of revenue allotted.
The
constitution allows the Local Government to use some element of force to
collect the revenue.
The relevance
of this definition are two fold, one is the Local Government has
responsibilities to provide a range of social services defined by the law which
established it. To provide these services exploit and tap the resources within
the Local Government. The Local Government (Councillors) must work under the
law with a view to fulfilling their responsibilities to the people. The
performance of the Local Government services should be such that can be
compared favourably with other Local Government.
The social
services include, surface and concrete drainage, roads refuse collection and
disposal properly maintained and equipped primary schools building, well built
and maintained modern markets standard motor park and recreational facilities
to mention a few.
The financial
resources available to Local Government are not commensurable to her position
and this has greatly hampered distribution of the social services to the
people. 
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This project
attempts to find out:
(1)      
The problems associated with revenue collection in Local
Government especially Akure North Local Government with intention of offering
solutions which can help in solving the problems.
(2)      
To find out the factor militating against the effective
revenue collection.
(3)      
To find out if the Local Government is praying its role in
revenue collection.
(4)      
To stress the need for proper collection of revenue.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
It has been
said that there are some problems associating with the revenue collection in
Akure North Local Government, therefore, the researchers work aim at:-
(1)      
Identifying some of the problems of revenue collection in
Local Government of Nigeria especially in Akure North Local Government.
(2)      
Showing the effects of these problems in the Local
Government. especially in Akure North Local Government.
(3)      
Suggesting the possible solutions to the problems.



RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following
research questions are formulated for the study.
(1)      
What are the problems associated with revenue collection in
Local Government?
(2)      
What are the effects of non collection of enough revenue?
(3)      
Is there any other ways of collecting revenue?
(4)      
How can revenue collection be improved?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study in
conducted in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State. The outcome of
the study will be of great benefit to the Local Government to enable them to
know the problem associating with the revenue collection as well as suggesting
possible solutions to the problems. It will equally enable the Chairman of
Akure Nourth Local Government to realize the right role he can play to step
down the problem of revenue collection.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study Area
is Akure North Local Government, Iju/Itaogbolu, Ondo State
with headquarter at Itaogbolu. Akure North Local Government was on October 1st, 1996
by the Late General Sanni Abacha. The study area was carried from the old Akure
Local Government new Akure South Local Government.
Followed the
announcement Chief Olusola Adeyo was appointed as the sole administrator.
Engineer Olaniran Jogbodo was the first elected executive chairman of Akure
North Local Government.
Geographically,
Akure North Local Government Area is bound in the East by Owo Local Government
Area, in the North by Ikere Local government Area in the South by Akure sourth
Local Government Area respectively.
The entire
Akure North Local Government Area is part of the Yoruba kingdom the people
speak Yoruba language disjoined by various local dialects. There are twenty
towns and villages inn the study area they are: Itaogbolu, Iju, Obaile Ijapo
Estate, agamo, Ilu-titun, Okitipupa, Aiye, Igbokoda, Ilado, Obatedo Eleyowo,
Alayere etc.
At its
inception Akure North Local Government has the major aims and objectives of
satisfying the people by:
(1)      
Providing education for the people by the building schools at
primary level.
(2)      
Providing urban transportation
(3)      
Constructing roads and also repair damaged one
(4)      
Building of health centres, hospitals and clinics, providing
drugs in the health centres.
(5)      
Providing recreational facilities like swimming pools
amusement park etc.
(6)      
Engaging in law and order.
(7)      
Providing licensing office
Akure North
Local Government has a total land area of 200 kilometres, the type of land
found in the study area is loamy, sandy and clay soil the land is very rich for
agriculture purpose.
The study area
is blessed with good vegetation which enables the practicing of agriculture
which from the main stay of the economy of the people among the cash area
cocoa, kolanut, timber and coffee etc. while food crops included yam, cassava,
maize, vegetable plantain and oranges e.t.c.
The people of
the Local Government like other Yoruba race have the same culture and festivals
such as Ogun and Egungun. The festivals are usually observed yearly which
normally attract people from far and near.
The study area
has about 10 primary schools and 15 secondary school, one staff Local
Government training schools and police college.
Akure North
Local Government has about ten health centres. However, there are some private
hospital and clinics. Many towns and villages in the study area currently
enjoying rural electrification scheme. Arrangements are under way to by the
people of Akure North Local Government administration.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Some technical
terms that featured in this research work are defined to aid renders. They are:
(1)      
Revenue:– This is the amount of
money which comes from any source. It can be defined also as total annual or
monthly income at a state or any organisation.
(2)      
Local Government:- this can be defined as a
public subdivision of a nation (or state in a system) which is constituted by
law and has substantial control of local affairs, including the power to impose
taxes or exact labour for prescribed purposes. The governing body of such and
entity is elected or otherwise locally selected.
(3)      
Cash Crops:– These are biennial and
parental crops which generates incomes to the individual or society at large
e.g. cocoa, mango and kolanut.
(4)      
Re-creational Facilities:-
These are
facilities that brings refreshment
to the  body or mind. They can be defined
as the facilities or materials set aside for games.
(5)      
Financial Resources:- These are supplies or
stock also be defined as all the property that man than generate income thought
easily.
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