ACCESSIBILITY TO EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES AND STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS EXAMINATION IN EKITI STATE

ACCESSIBILITY TO EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES AND STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS EXAMINATION IN EKITI STATE
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TABLES
OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                
Approval page…                                                                  
Dedication                                                                       
Acknowledgement…                                                               
Table of Content…                                                              
Abstract                                                                          
CHAPTER
ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1        
Background to the Study…                                                 
1.2        
Statement of the Problems…                                              
1.3        
Objectives of the Study…                                                    
1.4        
Research Questions…                                                     
1.5        
Research Hypothesis…                                                    
1.6        
Significant of the Study…                                                   
1.7        
Scope of the Study…                                                      
1.8        
Scope of the Study…                                                       
1.9        
Definition of Terms…                                                      
CHAPTER
TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.1     Introduction…                                                              
2.2.    Staff
Quality and Dedication…                                            
2.3     Educational
Facilities and Relevance Physical Facilities                 
2.4     Classrooms…                                                           
2.5     Library…                                                               
2.6     Economics
Laboratory                                                      17     
2.7     Physical
Environment and Playing Grounds                            
2.8     Audio-Visual
Materials…                                               
2.9     Physical
Plants…                                                       
2.10   Review
of National Policy on Education…                                
2.11   Secondary
Education…                                                 
2.12   Aim
of Secondary Education…                                             22     
2.13   Admission
Policy…                                                     
CHAPTER
THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1     Introduction…                                                              
3.2     Research
Design                                                       
3.3     Study
Population …                                                      
3.4     Sampling
and Sample Techniques                                       
3.5     The
Research Instruments…                                            
3.6     Validity
of Instrument…                                                
3.7     Administration
of Instrument…                                         
3.8     Method
of Data Analysis…                                                
CHAPTER
FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.0     Presentation
of Results                                                  
4.1     Discussion
of Findings                                                   
CHAPTER
FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1     Summary                                                                
5.2     recommendations…                                                       
5.3     conclusions…                                                             
References                                                                    
Questionnaire…                                                                
ABSTRACT
This
study examines the accessibility to educational facilities and students’
performance in Economics Examination in Ekiti State. The relationship between
educational facilities available in each schools are tested with past students’
performance in SSCE result by using statistical technique, called simple
percentage. The findings revealed that there 
is significant relationship between educational facilities and the
students’ performance in Secondary Schools; the finding also showed that there
is inadequate educational facilities in secondary schools which affect poor
performance of the students; furthermore, the accessibility of educational
facilities are lacking in the secondary school. This leads to poor performance
of students in Economics Examination. The finding revealed that students have
negative attitude towards, teaching and learning of Economics, teacher are not
competent neither capable in the teaching process. Lack of commitment are also
revealed. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that, the
government to do not made adequate provision of educational facilities in our
senior secondary schools most of the library are also dilapidated. Based on the
study, this study recommended among others that there should be adequate
educational facilities in our senior secondary schools, government should employed
qualified and experience teacher, most dilapidated building should be repaired
by government. If all these steps are taken then it will improve the
performance of students in Economics Senior Secondary School.
 
CHAPTER
ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1    Background to the Study
          The
information gathered from various secondary school across this nation and in
particular some selected local government area in Ekiti State which are Ikere
Local Government, Ise/Orun Local Government and Emure Local Government
concerning the poor performance of student in senior secondary certificate
examination is very alarming for instance, in SSCE May/June 2004 at Model High
School the percentage of students that passed were recorded as 40 and failure
gave 9 percentage of 60. This is calling for attention and it is an issue to be
addressed within the shortest time. If the high standard of education is to be
maintained in our secondary schools.
          In
an attempt to find solutions to these problems, it is therefore necessarily to
identify such factors that are considered responsible to the mass failure at
students in Senior Secondary Certificate Examination.
          According
to Olaromilorun (2002), the factors as follows:
(i)         
Inaccessibility to educational facilities
such as inadequate equipment like good laboratories for science, lack of
sufficient and relevant textbook in the library.
(ii)        
Non qualify teaching staff
(iii)       
Inadequate funding by the government
(iv)      
Poor motivation to work among others
The  school is an agent of change in this
connection can used to effect a positive change 
in the society through the sets and generation of youth, it train the
developing nation are now facing problem of how to make their people efficient
and practically productive.
To
achieve this objective people have to work with their hand and hence the use of
instructional materials as method of educating would definitely be a most
reliable answer to this problem, any reluctant of the teacher to tape the aid
of instructional material in teaching would definitely aggravate the already
unfortunate situation of the African Child.
In
view of the aforementioned, this research study focused on the influence of
accessibility of educational facilities on student performance in senior
secondary school certificate in economics examination in some selected local
government in Ekiti State
1.2    Statement of the Problem
          The
teaching and learning of economics in Nigeria’s secondary school is a pragmatic
problem. This terrifies everyone in Nigeria as what could be the factor that
are responsible for the failure in Economics in secondary and tertiary
institution in Nigeria despite it’s level of taught on a regular basis.
          Aina
(2000) on his research argued that research had shown that the poor performance
of students in Economics is mainly due to the common and general assumption
that Economics is the simplest subject which students can easily pass hence
they handled it with levity.
          In
the past, students have poor background in the course since they were
introduced to the subject in form three and later when secondary school
curriculum change from 6-5-2-3- to 6-3-3-4 systems, the subject was introduced
in the first year of the senior secondary class (S.S.S. 1). The subject was
introduced to students at the Junior level (J.S.S.) as a business studies and
Economics at the Senior Secondary level. This the performance of students in
the subject has become a National Problem and that urgent attention is needed
to ascertain the courses with a view of planning strategies in rising the
performance of students in the subject.
          Hence,
the research tends to examine the relationship between students accessibility
to educational facilities and students performance in Economics Examination in
Ekiti State.
1.3    Objective of the Study
          The
broad objective of the study is to examine the influence of educational
facilities on students’ performance in Economics examination in Ekiti State
          However,
other specific objectives include;
i.            
To verify the accessibility of educational
facilities in secondary schools
ii.           
To know the academic performance in senior
secondary school certificate examination
iii.          
 To
examine whether school with adequate educational facilities perform better in
the senior secondary certificate examination than school lacking in facilities
iv.         
To know the causes of mass failure of
student in senior secondary certificate examination in Economics
1.4    Research Questions
          The study intends to answer the
following question,
i.            
Is there a significant relationship between
the educational facilities and the students general performance in senior secondary
school certificate examination in Economics?
ii.           
Is there any significant difference in the
performance of students in schools where educational facilities are grossly in
adequate?
1.5    Hypothesis
          Based on the question raised the
following hypothesis are tested;
i.            
There is no significant relationship between
educational facilities and students’ performance in Ikere, Emure and Ise/Orun
Local Government?
ii.           
Schools with adequate facilities do not
perform better than the school without such facilities?
1.6    Significant of the Study
          The study intends to draw awareness
the Government and the society in general to the necessity of educational
facilities both human and physical towards the excellent performance of the
secondary school students in Economics Examination.
          Research has proved that students have
poor background in Economics due to three assumptions. Namely; the school, the
students and the society, for any meaningful development to take place in the
society, there must be mutual agreement among the three. There for the proper
improvement of students in Economics Examination, parent, teachers and the
school hands must be on desk. Moreover, the study is set to provide comparative
solution that will serve as a remedy to these problems. The outcome of the
study is expected to encourage government, teachers, students and relevant
stakeholders in the educational sector, the need to have positive attitudinal
change at making sure that all hands are on desk to make the best use of the
educational facilities provided for the use of Economics students.
1.7    Scope of the Study
          The study is delimited to selected
secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area, Emure Local Government Area,
Ise/Orun Local Government Area.
          The Researcher intend to use these three
Local Government as a representation of the secondary schools in Ekiti State
due to time and financial constraints.
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