A DETAILED ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AS VERITABLE TOOLS FOR EVALUATING COMPANIES’ PERFORMANCES IN NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT
Accounting and business
information of organization are often contain in the financial statements of
various organizations, the financial statements- The Income Statement and
Financial Position(The Balance Sheet) which are stated in a summarized  way in the financial statements. To a layman
it is just a mere book because the veil of accounting seem to have been placed
on it hence making no sense. To unveil the mask from the face of the financial
statements therefore the need to analyse financial statements therefore
inevitable. Therefore, to efficiently memorize the performances of companies
the need to diagnose their financial statement (analyse the financial
statements). This research work is carried out to analyse financial statements
as a inevitable tool to evaluate companies performances in Nigeria with a particular reference
to Zenith Bank PLC. This research work which has been carried out judiciously
and systematically made use of both primary and secondary sources of data
collection. The primary data priority made use of Questionnaire while the
secondary data made use of Zenith Bank PLC Annual financial Report(2009) and
other relevant journals. The primary data where analysed using chi-square, and
percentages while the secondary data were analysed using regression on the five
(5) years financial summary of the Bank.
Conclusively, it was established that
financial statement analysis serves as a veritable tool for evaluating
companies performances in Nigeria.
                                        TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title                                                                                             i
Certification                                                                                 iii
Dedication                                                                                   iv
Acknowledgements                                                                      v
Abstract                                                                                       ix
Table of Contents                                                                        xi
CHAPTER
ONE
1.0          
Introduction                                                                       1       
1.1     Background
to the Study                                                    1
1.2     Statement
of the Problem                                                   5
1.3     Objectives
of the Study                                                      6
1.4     Significance
of the Study                                                   7
1.5     Research
Questions and Hypotheses                                  8
1.6     Research
Methodology                                                       9
1.7     Scope
and Limitations of the Study                                    10
1.8     Definition
of the Study                                                      11
1.9     Organization
of the Study                                                  13
      
   End of Chapter References                                                15
CHAPTER
TWO
2.0     Literature
Review                                                               16
2.1     Research
into Current Literature                              16
2.2     Conceptual
Explanation                                                     17
2.3     Parties
Interested in Financial Statements                           18
2.4     Objectives
of Financial Statement Analysis                        20
2.5     Sources
of Information for Financial Statements Analysis.21
          End
of Chapter References                                                67
CHAPTER
THREE
3.0     Research
Methodology                                                       69
3.1     Research
Forces                                                                 69
3.2     Research
Instruments                                                         70
3.3     Restatement
of Research Question/Hypotheses                  71
3.4     Description
of the Population and Sample of the Study     72
3.5     Sources
of Data Collection                                                 74
3.6     Description
of Questionnaire                                             75
3.7     Methods
of Data Analysis                                                  76
End of Chapter
References                                                77



CHAPTER
FOUR
4.0     Data
Analysis, Interpretation and Discussion of Findings 78
4.1     Interpretation
of Items                                                       78
4.2     Analysis
of Questionnaires on Personal Bio
Data of Respondents                                                          79
4.3     Analysis
of Questionnaire on Analysis of Financial
Statements as a Vital
Tools for Evaluating Companies
 Performances in Nigeria                                                    84
4.4     Text
of Hypotheses                                                            95
End of Chapter
References                                                108
CHAPTER
FIVE
5.0     Summary,
Conclusion, Recommendations and Suggestion
for Further Studies                                                             109
5.1     Summary                                                                           109
5.2     Conclusion                                                                        111
5.3     Recommendations                                                             112
5.4     Suggestions
for Further Studies                                         113
End of Chapter
References                                                115
Bibliography                                                                      116
Appendices (Questionnaires)
                                            119
      
CHAPTER
1
1.0     INTRODUCTION
1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

          Financial
statements of any company is basically the summarized financial reports which
provi

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