A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE ATTITUDE OF TEACHERS AND ADOLESCENTS TOWARDS SEX EDUCATION

ABSTRACT
This study attempts to make a
comparative study of the opinion of parent, teachers and adolescents towards
the introduction of sex education programme in the Ondo State
secondary schools and to know if there will be mass support or rejection.  It further explores when the parents,
teachers and adolescents will prefer most to provide sex education to the
children among the parents, teachers and minister of religion.  It also explores the area of contents the
three classes of people will support most among sex education maturation, the
use of contraceptive and boy, girl relationship.  It also looks into the organizational pattern
the three classes of people will accept best among instructing males and
females apart, male and female together and by group guidance procedures: the
findings are discussed in the essay. 
Lastly some recommendations are made from the findings.  These recommendations are for parents,
teachers, educators, researchers and other social workers for successful
implementation of sex education programme in our secondary schools.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page                                                                                i
Approval page                                                                        ii
Dedication                                                                               iii
Acknowledgement                                                                   iv
Abstract                                                                                  v
Table of content                                                                      vi-viii
CHAPTER ONE
1.0     Introduction
                                                                  1
1.1     Background
of the study                                                         1-6
1.2     Statement
of the Problem                                              6-8
1.3     Purpose
of the study                                                      8
1.4     Significance
of the study                                                         8-9
1.5     Hypothesis
                                                                             9-10
1.6     Delimitations
of the study                                             10
1.7     Limitations
of the study                                                 10-11
1.8     Definitions
of the study                                                 11-12
CHAPTER TWO
2.0           
Literature
Review                                                          13-14
2.1           
Sexuality
                                                                       14-18
2.2           
Sex
organ                                                                       18-19
2.3           
Sex
maturation                                                              19-21
2.4           
Pattern
of heterosexual development                                      21-22
2.5           
Sexual
interests, attitudes and practices                        22-24
2.6           
Organization
of sex education                                       24-30
2.7           
Problems
that sex Education manifest        in
school               30-30
2.8           
Summary                                                                       31-32
2.9           
Empirical
studies                                                           32-34
2.10       Sex Education                                                                34-40
CHAPTER THREE
3.0           
Methodology
                                                                 41
3.1           
Research
Design                                                            41-42
3.2           
Area
of study                                                                 42
3.3           
Population                                                                     42-43
3.4           
The
sample/sampling procedure                                              43
3.5           
Instrumentation
                                                            43-44
3.6           
Method
of Data collection                                             44-45
3.7           
Validity
of the instrument                                              45
3.8           
Reliability
of the instrument                                           45
3.9           
Method
of Data Analysis                                               45
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0           
Analysis
of Data                                                            46-68
4.1           
Discussion
                                                                    68-71
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0           
Summary                                                                       72
5.1           
Conclusion
                                                                    72-73
5.2           
Recommendation
                                                          73-74
5.3           
Suggestions
                                                                            75
REFERENCES                                                                      76-77
APPENDIX                                                                            78-84



CHAPTER ONE
1.0           
INTRODUCTION
1.1           
Background of the study
The most
popular issues of discussion on radio, television, even in dailies magazines
and public discussion is the sexual behaviours among the adolescents and adults
in our society.  To understand the degree
of the present social crisis and problems, I need to look into the manner of Nigeria
sexology from the past to the present time and in addition to point out some of
the casual factors of the problem.
In the first
instance, sexual behaviour is a social phenomenon which has strong urges and
the opposite sex attraction when the two parties interact.  According to Durojaye in the post, sexual
urges were weak in the adolescent because of the prevailing situations.  Boys and girls of non related blood were brought
up in separate homes and they had little or no interactional change.  Even in the extended family set ups, boys and
girls were brought up together, the adolescent know that it is a taboo to have
sexual dedinets among the blood related children.  The adolescents lived up to twenty and above
before having the first sexual experience. 
This situation is not the case in the modern Nigerian where western
education has created opportunities for both boys and girls of non – related
blood to interact from age of sex to the extend that before they reach early
adolescence, the sexual urges had developed so strong in both sexs that start
to play games of sex ranging from romance to sexual intercourse before, during
and after adolescence.
Secondly,
maturity is a function of nutrition and environment.  Poor nutrition resulting from ignorance and
poverty, which characterized the decades gave adolescents of these days stunted
growth leading to late maturity with late sexual experiences.  On the other hand good nutrition and
conducive environment arises as a result of improved standard of living that
gives the present day children a rapid growth consequently resulting in early
sexual experience.
This
situation looks so marvellous to the old people than they have the view that
nature is really changing possibly that the world is running towards
destruction as many of them explain.
Thirdly,
sexual behaviour is really a function of attitude and values, that people have
towards it which is also relative to time. 
In the past, our parents regarded sexuality as very private and
confidential and hence great shame and guilt were attributed to any girl or boy
that mess up herself or himself about it. 
Because of this situation both boys and girls tend to control the sexual
urges to earn the dignity that is attached to it.  Couples had no pre – marital sex, how much
less for a girl to mess up with other men. 
The idea of virginity was well preserved and earned the girls and their
parent prestige on the day of their marriage. 
The parents controlled and watched over their daughters to see that they
remain virgin before marriage.  Thus a
wife disvirgined by her proposed husband in the evening of their marriage day
received a gift which varied across different culture.  In Yoruba land for instance, two naira, ten
kobo (N2:10k) is given to the
wife.  In addition to this money she
would receive many presents from her parents because it indicates their own
good training as a good family.
In constrast,
the present Nigerian has developed a change of value for sexual behaviour.  How many parents watches over their daughters
to see that they remain virgin before marriages? How many parents rebuke or
scold their daughters when they even know that they have messed up with their
virginity? How many men of nowadays look for virgin girls for marriage? This is
because the society has developed a change of value towards sexual
behaviour.  Consequently, both boys and
girls make free sexual intercourse to the extent that boys regard sexual
behaviour as hobbies and use many slangs to express the number of girls that
fall as prey to them when they hold discussion with their peer groups.  Such slangs include ‘ele’ ‘sussy’ ‘baby mi’
etc.
Within our
society today, we can observed a lot of hazards and problems associated with
sexual laxity which include loss of life through both traditional and modern
method of abortions or use of contraceptive sterility cause by drug abuse among
young married women, veneral diseases resulting into ill health of adolescent,
illegitimate children and very common in our society, cases of uncompromises
between adolescent boys and girls on clarions of pregnancies or babies to which
social welfare centers are now interviewing and premature marriages of young
adolescent girls of those rich adult impregnate them leading to stoppage of
their education, these girls are later expelled from the house when they cannot
be controlled any more later become prostitute. 
This practice is mostly common in the northern part of the country.
Addition to
these sexual laxity has led to a break down of disciplines in various
educational and vocational institutions where teachers and bosses prove too low
before their students and workers respectively because of sexual affairs, which
are responsible in part to poor academic performance and low productivity in
schools and in the civil service.  There
are many leakages of examination papers because of man – woman
relationships.  Because of these
situations the idea of introducing sex education into the school systems now a
crucial issue to which two schools of thought have emerged, one supporting and
the other against.
Durojaye
declared that sex education is necessary to be organized in our secondary
schools because the traditional practices with the age grade and initiation
ceremonies and other activities that provide general education including sex
education are now more open to African children.  He stressed further that sex education in our
secondary schools would lay good foundation for marriage and family hung.
Beir in a
report of symposium about adolescents warn against the danger of scrupulosity
i.e. a tendency to make an individual see evil when there is no evil.  He believed that introducing sex education in
our schools will inculcate the freedom to practice intercourse at the early
stage of life and this will worsen the present situation.
1.2           
Statement of the Problem
All over the
world today, various opinions are being generated by different categories of
people in relation to sex.  The cultural
background of various community determine to a great extent the belief of the
community about sex. For example the Yoruba holds in high esteem the
preservation of virginity of young girls before marriage.  Also if the virginity is preserved, it gives
more dignity to the parents of such girl. 
However, some categories of parents of old and present still believe
that discussion about sex is still a taboo, which should not be talked
about.  Some teachers still see
discussion and teaching of sex education in the school as immoral act hence,
the teachers shy away from involvement in either discussion or teaching about
sex.  The adolescents also see any
discuss about sex as immoral due to the orientation they have gotten from the
parents and adults in the society as regards sex.
The various
ideas, believes and orientation of parents, teachers and adolescents about sex
had generated some agitations about what and how is sex in the community.  This result to failure of parent to discuss
sex education with their children.  Likewise
teaches shy away from the feality of discussing sex education with their
student.  More so adolescents avoid
discussion about sex, even the society shy away from facing the realites of the
importance of sex education programme.
1.3           
Purpose of the study
In view of
the diversified opinion towards the introduction of sex education into the
school system, it is really the purpose of this study to explore the opinion of
the parent, teachers and adolescents towards the idea of introducing sex
education in the secondary school system of education and to draw paralled line
among their views.  The study will
further explore the views of the three classes of people as regards who is to
teach sex education among, parents, teachers and ministers of religion.  It will also look into the attitude of the
people on what should be the content of sex education in the schools, it will
finally examine the organizational pattern of sex education that will b e
preferable to parents, teachers and adolescents.
1.4           
Significance of the study
Sex education
is a crucial issue to which many people hold intrinsic values and feelings and
hence any study on this issue will be of great significance to the society as a
whole.  In the first instances this study
will help in revealing the views which parents, teachers and adolescents have
towards sex education which will enable the government to know whether to
introduce sex education in the school system or not.
It will
further help to reveal the feelings and ideas, which the various classes of people
hold about one another especially on sex affairs.
1.5           
Hypothesis
The study is
expected to test the following hypothesis:
1)               
There
is no significant difference between the opinion of adolescent and parents
about sex education.
2)               
There
is no significant difference between the attitude of male parents, male
teachers and male adolescents about sex education.
3)               
There
is no significant difference between the attitude of female parents, female
teachers and female adolescents about sex education.
4)               
There
is no significant different between the attitude of parents, teachers and
adolescents on who is to be instructor of sex education in secondary schools.
5)               
There
is no significance different between the attitude of male and female parents
teachers and adolescents on who is to be the instructor of sex education.
1.6           
Delimitations of the study
This study
covered the Ondo State secondary schools alone.  Six secondary schools were randomly selected
among the secondary school in the state. 50 teachers and 50 students shall be
involved in the study.  The study shall
also cover some public places like hospital, secretariat bank, maternity
centers etc. 50 parents will also be involved in the study.
1.7           
Limitations of the study
This study is
on comparative study of attitudes of parents, teachers and adolescents towards
sex education programme in Nigeria
secondary schools encountered some limitations during the time of this
findings.
The
limitations encountered are numerous but few ones will be mentioned.  The first limitation encountered was the communication
gap between the researchers and supervisor. 
The
limitations encountered also include inability to get the relevant text books
for review of literature and for other necessary information for the project.
Some
students, teachers and even parents felt reluctant to fill the questionnaires
because they believe it is immoral to discuss about sex in our society.  It took the researchers a lot of time to
convince those who filled the questionnaire.
1.8           
Definition of terms
Opinion:
Current judgment or the sum total of the attitudes and beliefs held about the
need for sex education.
Adolescents:
Growing persons whose ages i.e. between childhood and adulthood.  They are mostly students of secondary school.
Parents:
Father and mother
Teacher: The
class of workers that give formal teaching to the learners in the schools.
Sex
Education: Systematic instruction about male and female characteristics and
maturation.
Ministers of
Religion: The class of workers that teach the Christian and Muslim religions in
our society, which include the vicars and Mallams.
Group
Guidance: Free discussion of students on sex in groups under the supervision of
the teacher or any other adult.



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