A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL
ABSTRACT
          The write up attempts
to investigate the comparative analysis of students performance in mathematics
among private and public secondary schools in Omuo-Ekiti in Ekiti East Local
Government Area in Ekiti State.
          In view of
this, the researcher went through six (6) selected secondary school in Omuo
Ekiti East Local Government Area and collected data in some achievement test
results of 2010, 2011 and 2012 academic sessions. The achievement test is the
senior school certificate examination results. The six (6) schools are of two
types, that is, three (3) private secondary schools and three (3) public
secondary schools.
In the analysis percentage method of statistics manipulation
was used the result of the study evinced that, students in private secondary
schools performed better in mathematics than student in public secondary
schools.
          In view of
this, the following recommendation are made; that parents should send their
children to private secondary schools because academic achievement of the
student in private secondary school is far better than pupils or students in
public secondary schools. Government and other educational agencies should
embark on privatization of public secondary school for effective achievement of
the national objective on education.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title
page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table
of contents
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction
Background
of the study
Statement
of the problem
Purpose
of the study
Research
question
Research
hypotheses
Significance
of the study
Limitation
of the study
Definition
of terms
CHAPTER TWO
Literature
review
Public
secondary schools
Private
secondary schools
Significance
of mathematics in secondary school education
Students
as factors affecting their performances in mathematics
Lack
of interest
Lack
of study material
Teachers
as factors affecting the performance of student in mathematics
Teachers
qualification
Teachers
truancy
Parents
as factors affecting students performances in mathematics
Environment
as factors affecting student performances in mathematics
Academic
environment
Summary
of literature review
CHAPTER THREE
Research
design
Area
of the study
Research
population
Sample
and sampling method
Instrument
for data collection
Validity
of instrument
Reliability
of the instrument
Method
of data collection
Interview
guide questionnaire
Method
of data analysis
CHAPTER FOUR
Data
of the table
Table
(1), 2010 SSCE
Table
(2), 2011 SSCE
Table
(3), 2012 SSCE
Results
Comparison
of both types of schools
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary,
Conclusion, Recommendation, Suggestions for further research
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendation
Suggestions
for further research
References
 CHAPTER ONE
1.1
INTRODUCTION
Often parents, teachers and school management always heap
blame on students whenever they perform poorly in mathematics either as a
course or in examination at any level. How the question one may ask is who to
blame when students fail in mathematics. Is it true that students don’t
cultivate a good studying habit, show no enough interest in the subject or lack
of computing skills (ability) as in necessary and lastly is it because of peer
group influence which does not allow them to take their studies seriously as
some researchers have rightly put it through their findings?
          However,
whatever is the reason for these lapses observed parents also share in the
blame for their children failure or poor performance in the subject. The
students studying mathematics needs encouragement, motivation and supervision
from the parents to develop interest in studying the subject and to excel. Good
books relating to the subject should be bought for the student and a private
study arrangement with a teacher well-vested on the subject employed to help
the students should be encouraged to approach the subject with love devoid of
fear or intimidation.
          On the other
hand mathematics teachers should be one who knows the subject well enough to be
able to transfer knowledge to the learning students. He should do this with
love, be patient with the learner and be ready to explain again until the
students get it right.
Both the teacher and students of mathematics should study in a
conductive environment. Studying facilities should be put in place just as some
researchers said that for better result to be reached in teaching and learning,
the environment at which it is carried out must be conducive.
1.2
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
          The importance of
secondary education cannot be over emphasized. However, secondary education is
the second institution in our education system as the name implies that
prepares pupils or learners for a higher level of education. A very sound and
solid secondary education is highly needed, it is likened to a house built on a
rock which nothing can shake or move it.
          Secondary
education should be designed for children between the ages of twelve and
eighteen as to inculcate permanent literacy and innumeracy, develop the needed
abilities to communicate effectively and to lay a sound basic for scientific
thinking.
          The
curriculum  of education stated that
secondary education is catering for children of twelve and above. This is in
line with the national  policy on
education which stated that secondary school are to produce students for
tertiary schools or vocational studies which in turn prepare children for life
and reflect what their future will be. In view of this the standard of
mathematics education inculcated the learners either in private secondary
school or public school will determine 
their performance in mathematics at the end of their programmes.
          Although,
people generally believe that, private secondary school students performed
better than their counterparts in public secondary schools hebay, 1972 without
considering some particulars which make those achievements possible and
feasible.  All the same, there are some
public secondary schools which performed better when compare with private
secondary schools. But, this project is capable of satisfying our faith and
answer to most of the question that can surface under this theme.
1.3
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
          The fact here
is that, students are suppose to spent most of their reading time in solving
mathematics and developed interest in the study of mathematics knowing fully
well that the subject is the bed rock of any endeavour in pure science.
          The researcher
interest on this topic “A comparative analysis of students performance in
mathematics in private and public secondary schools in Omuo-Ekiti, Ekiti East
Local Government Area of Ekiti state” was to know whether private secondary
schools do perform better than public secondary schools in Omuo Ekiti. And if
they do, then what factors lead to their differences.
1.4
PURPOSE OF STUDY
          The purpose of
this project is to compare the analysis of student performance in mathematics
among private and public secondary schools in Omuo-Ekiti, Ekiti East Local
Government Area of Ekiti state. The project would also look into what motivate
d the parents, guidance and learners in developing more interest in private
secondary school, it will also shed more lights on some areas of weakness of
learning and teaching to attain good performance in mathematics in both private
and public secondary schools and also look critically at the financial
background and environment of both the private and the public secondary
schools.
1.5   
RESEARCH QUESTION
The following questions were encounter in this study;
I.                  
What really ascertain the difference in academic
performance of private and public secondary schools in mathematics
II.               
To what extent do teaching perception of teachers`
affect students performances in mathematics.
III.            
To what extent do parental factors affect
students’ performance in mathematics?
IV.           
What problem of teaching and learning environment
really affect students performance in mathematics’
1.6 RESEARCH 
HYPOTHESES
The null hypotheses (Ho) are then stated
thus:
I.                  
private secondary schools do not significantly
perform better than public secondary schools in mathematics.
II.               
Teaching perception of teachers do not
significantly affect students 
performance in mathematics
III.            
There is no significant difference in parent
socio-economic performance in mathematics.
IV.           
There is no significant difference in teaching and
learning environment.
                      SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
i. it will the educational agencies and
government ministry of education to reach a concrete conclusion as to what type
of secondary school embarked on would be beneficial to the pupils and the
government and help to achieve the national goals in education as stated in the
curriculum.
ii parents and guidance will have positive thinking and better
understanding as to whether to send their children to either private or public
secondary schools.
iii it will help to shed more light and endure useful
information in the achievement of student in both private and public secondary
schools.
1.8     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
              This
project focuses mainly on the students’ performance in the mathematics both in
private and public secondary school.
Though, the study is a generalized issue
which is thus expected to cover all private and public secondary schools in
Ekiti state and Nigeria as a whole. But with the situation of things like
scarcity of fuel, transportation problems, constant road accident, industrial
strike action embarked upon by teachers instructors or educators the research
is restricted to Omuo-Ekiti in Ekiti East Local Government Area of Ekiti state.
1.9                    
DEFINITION
OF TERMS
PRIVATE    SCHOOLS
  These
are schools owned and controlled by individual or group of individual or
organization who have direct power or authority to  fire or sanction any staff who fails to abide
by their rules and regulation.
PUBLIC
SCHOOLS
These are schools owned and controlled by
government by providing or appointing principals to supervise the work of all
the staffs. They make sure government rules and regulations are strictly
followed for effective performance. That is, they are indirectly controlled and
managed by government.
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